- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
The circulation and use of coins in Syria during the Roman period explains concepts of value and sovereignty, and sheds some light on the structure of provincial society, while the coins' iconography and inscriptions teach us about the symbols of identity deployed by the various cities that issued them. Most coinages of the second class were of bronze, but not all. Syrian coins, both silver and bronze, are not generally found outside the province, suggesting that both classes of coin were perceived of as “foreign” by outsiders. The mint of Rome was also sporadically involved with production of special provincial silver issues for Syria. Therefore, the products of the Roman mint, in the form of the standard precious metal coins of the empire, the silver denarius and gold aureus, were being hoarded in Syria in the second century AD, yet it is not entirely clear when they were introduced to the region.
Kevin Butcher is Professor of Classics and Ancient History, University of Warwick, Coventry.
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