- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
This article charts the rise and fall in the numbers of cities issuing bronze and the standards they used, focusing mainly on Asia Minor, the area with the most abundant coinage. The provincial bronze coinages reached their apogee in the early years of the third century, when hundreds of cities made issues sometimes comprising six denominations or more. More than 250 cities in Asia Minor made issues in bronze for Septimius Severus and family. Most of these cities issued coins only sporadically. Other factors that prompted cities to produce coins were: the celebration of games and festivals, homonoia with other cities, new buildings and titles, and imperial visits and benefactions by emperors or prominent citizens. Fifty years later, almost all had stopped issuing new coins, although civic bronzes may have continued to circulate alongside the imperial currency until the reforms of Aurelian and Diocletian toward the end of the century.
Ann Johnston was an independent scholar in Cambridge, England, best known for her work on Roman provincial coinage.
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