- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
The history of the coinage of the Roman Empire is an important primary source for the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian. The types of coinages are many, timely, and expressive, and both emperors can be seen to have placed their personal stamp on the medium. The coinage used by the inhabitants of the Roman Empire in the early second century AD was produced in a number of different locations. The mint in the capital struck gold coins that circulated throughout the empire; silver, which was current in most provinces; and base metal coinage (the sestertius and its fractions) for circulation primarily in the west. Many of the eastern provinces, the most important being Egypt, Syria, and Cappadocia, used a silver coinage based on the Greek drachm and ostensibly of their own production. The bronze coinage of most eastern provinces was of local production.
Martin Beckmann is Assistant Professor of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.
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