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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Rome made its steps in the production of coined money against the background of Italy's coinage development. The Romans started to make coinage in around 300 BC, and the system they gradually established lasted until the middle of the Second Punic or Hannibalic war. It was followed by the much-longer-lasting denarius coinage. Hoards of bronze from the late second and early first millennia BC in Italy consisted of scrap metal, chopped-up objects, and large round objects, formed in the bottom of crucibles during the manufacture of bronze or the melting down of scrap. These objects have been one of the influences on the later shape of early Roman monetary objects. The early currency of bronze in Rome is known today as “aes rude.” Other elements of early Roman coinage are coined bronze, coined silver, cast heavy bronze bars or ingots; and cast heavy bronze discs (“aes grave”).

Keywords: Rome, Italy, coinage, bronze, monetary objects, aes rude, aes grave

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