- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
The Arsacids were the ruling dynasty of Parthia between the middle of the third century BC and AD 224. There is no Parthian coinage in gold, since Vonones's alleged gold coins have been shown to be modern forgeries. The silver drachm was the main denomination, on a modified Attic standard of around 4 g. Silver denominations also include tetradrachms, struck from the conquest of Mesopotamia around 140 BC down to the end of the dynasty, and smaller fractions, such as obols, diobols, and triobols, appearing on a rather irregular basis during the first half of the dynasty down to the time of Orodes II. Bronze provided the medium for small change in everyday local circulation. At various intervals throughout the Parthian period, autonomous city coinages were also struck in bronze, as mainly attested for Seleucia, and to a lesser extent for Susa and Ecbatana.
Fabrizio Sinisi is Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter in the Numismatic Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna.
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