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date: 03 June 2020

(p. xxv) Emperors from Augustus to Heraclius

(p. xxv) Emperors from Augustus to Heraclius

The names by which emperors are commonly known are italicized.

27 b.c.a.d. 14

Imperator Caesar Augustus

a.d. 14–37

Tiberius Caesar Augustus

37–41

Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (Caligula)

41–54

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

54–68

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

68–69

Ser. Sulpicius Galba Imp. Caesar Augustus

69

Imp. M. Otho Caesar Augustus

69

A. Vitellius Augustus Germanicus Imp.

69–79

Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (Vespasian)

79–81

Imp. Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus

81–96

Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus (Domitian)

96–98

Imp. Caesar Nerva Augustus

98–117

Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus (Trajan)

117–138

Imp. Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus (Hadrian)

138–161

Imp. Caesar T. Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius (Antoninus Pius)

161–180

Imp. Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus

161–169

Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Verus Augustus (Lucius Verus)

176–192

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus

193

Imp. Caesar P. Helvius Pertinax Augustus

193

Imp. Caesar M. Didius Severus Julianus Augustus

193–211

Imp. Caesar L. Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus

198–217

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (Caracalla)

209–211

Imp. Caesar P. Septimius Geta Augustus

217–218

Imp. Caesar M. Opellius Macrinus Augustus

218

Imp. Caesar M. Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus Augustus

218–222

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (Elagabal)

222–235

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus

235–238

Imp. Caesar C. Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus

Imp. Caesar M. Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus Senior Augustus (Gordian I)

Imp. Caesar M. Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus

Iunior Augustus (Gordian II)

(p. xxvi) Imp. Caesar D. Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Augustus and Imp. Caesar M. Clodius Pupienus Augustus

238–244

Imp. Caesar M. Antonius Gordianus Augustus (Gordian III)

244–248

Imp. Caesar M. Julius Philippus Augustus (Philip)

249–251

Imp. Caesar C. Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus (Trajan Decius)

251–253

Imp. Caesar C. Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus

251–253

Imp. Caesar C. Vibius Afinius Gallus Veldumnianus Volusianus Augustus (Volusian)

253

Imp. Caesar M. Aemilius Aemilianus Augustus (Aemilian)

253–260

Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Valerianus Augustus (Valerian)

253–268

Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus

268–270

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Claudius Augustus (Claudius II)

270

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Claudius Quintillus Augustus

270–275

Imp. Caesar L. Domitius Aurelianus Augustus (Aurelian)

275–276

Imp. Caesar M. Claudius Tacitus Augustus

276

Imp. Caesar M. Annius Florianus Augustus (Florian)

276–282

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus

282–283

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carus Augustus

283–285

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carinus Augustus

283–284

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Numerius Numerianus Augustus (Numerian)

284–305

Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus (Diocletian)

286–305

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus (Maximian)

305–306

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantius Augustus

305–311

Imp. Caesar C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus

306–307

Imp. Caesar Valerius Severus Augustus

306–312

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus

307–337

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus (Constantine)

308–324

Imp. Caesar Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus

308/9–313

Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Galerius Maximinus Augustus (Maximin)

337–340

Imp. Caesar Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus (Constantine II)

337–350

Imp. Caesar Flavius Julius Constans Augustus

337–361

Imp. Caesar Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Constantius II)

361–363

Imp. Caesar Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus (Julian)

363–364

Imp. Caesar Flavius Claudius Jovianus (Jovian)

364–375

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valentianianus Augustus (Valentinian I)

364–378

Imp. Caesar Flavius Julius Valens Augustus

(p. xxvii) 367–383

Imp. Caesar Flavianus Gratianus Augustus (Gratian)

375–392

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Valentinian II)

379–395

Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Theodosius I)

383–408

Imp. Caesar Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Arcadius)

393–423

Imp. Caesar Flavius Honorius Augustus (Honorius)

408–450

Imp. Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Theodosius II)

421

Imp. Caesar Flavius Constantius Augustus (Constantius III)

425–455

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Valentinian III)

455

Imp. Caesar Flavius Petronius Maximus Augustus (Petronius Maximus)

455

Imp. Caesar Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus Augustus (Eparchius Avitus)

457–461

Imp. Caesar Julius Valerius Marjorianus Augustus (Marjorian)

461–465

Imp. Caesar Flavius Libius Severus Augustus (Libius Severus)

467–472

Imp. Caesar Procopius Anthemius Augustus (Anthemius)

472

Imp. Caesar Olybius Augustus (Olybius)

473–475

Imp. Caesar Julius Nepos Augustus (Julius Nepos)

475–476

Imp. Caesar Romulus Augustus (Romulus Augustulus)

Eastern Emperors

450–457

Imp. Caesar Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Marcian)

457–474

Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus

474–491

Imp. Caesar Flavius Zeno Augustus

491–518

Imp. Caesar Flavius Anasthasius Augustus (Anasthasius)

518–527

Imp. Caesar Flavius Justinus Augustus (Justin)

527–565

Imp. Caesar Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus (Justinian)

565–578

Imp. Caesar Flavius Justinus Iunior Augustus (Justin II)

578–582

Imp. Caesar Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus (Tiberius Constantine)

582–602

Imp. Caesar Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus (Maurice)

602–610

Imp. Caesar Flavius Phocas Augustus (Phocas)

610–641

Imp. Caesar Flavius Heraclius Augustus (Heraclius) (p. xxviii)