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date: 04 June 2020

(p. xiii) Abbreviations and Spelling Norms

(p. xiii) Abbreviations and Spelling Norms

The spelling and presentation of Greek names and technical terms is a thorny issue over which scholars continue to wrangle, much to the confusion of nonspecialists. James Whitley’s advice (The archaeology of ancient Greece, Cambridge, 2001: xxv) seems eminently sensible, and we too have tried to be consistent in our inconsistency, preferring the familiar anglicized forms for well-known personal names (so Thucydides and not Thoukydides) and places (so Syracuse and not Syrakousai) so that those readers unfamiliar with things Greek might investigate more easily on their own. On the other hand, we have transliterated technical terms (e.g., strategos, general) and some place names (e.g., Kerameikos, the “national” cemetery in Athens) not so much for effect as for some sort of authenticity.

Names of ancient authors and titles, and other standard reference works, are for the most part abbreviated as listed in the Oxford Classical Dictionary (see below) or LSJ = H. G. Liddell and R. Scott, AGreek-English Lexicon, 9th ed., rev. by H. S. Jones and R. McKenzie (Oxford, 1940). Titles of periodical literature are generally abbreviated as found in the annual index to classical studies, L’Année philologique; titles of nonclassical journals are spelled out.

The following should also be noted:


J. K. Anderson. Military theory andpractice in the age of Xenophon. Berkeley, 1970.


Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. by H. Temporini and W. Haase. 37 vols. Berlin, 1972–96.


M. M. Austin, ed. The Hellenistic world from Alexander to the Roman conquest: A selection of sources in translation. Cambridge, 1981.


P. A. Brunt. Italian manpower225–ad14. Oxford.


Cambridge Ancient History, ed. by J. B. Bury, et al., 1st ed. 12 vols. Cambridge, 1923–1939; with a new edition (e.g., second and third), 1970–2001.


The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare, ed. by P. Sabin, H. van Wees, and M. Whitby. 2 vols. Cambridge, 2007.


Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. F. Jacoby, ed. Vols. 1–2, Berlin, 1923–1926. Vol. 3, Leiden, 1940–1958.

(p. xiv) Fornara

C. W. Fornara, ed. and trans., Translated Documents of Greece and Rome. Vol. 1. Archaic Times to the End of the Peloponnesian War. 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1983.


A. W. Gomme. A Historical Commentary on Thucydides. Vols. 1–3. Oxford, 1945–1956.


A. W. Gomme, A. Andrewes, and K. J. Dover. A Historical Commentary on Thucydides. Vols. 4–5. Oxford, 1970–1981.


E. L. Hicks and G. F. Hill, eds. A Manual of Greek Historical Inscriptions. Oxford, 1901.


S. Hornblower. A Commentary on Thucydides. 3 vols. Oxford, 1991–2008.


Inscriptiones Graecae. Berlin, 1873.


R. Meiggs and D. M. Lewis, eds., Greek Historical Inscriptions to the End of the Fifth Centuryb.c. Rev. ed. Oxford, 1988.


Oxford Classical Dictionary. S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth, eds. 3d ed., rev. Oxford, 2003.


W. Dittenberger, ed. Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones Selectae. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1903–1905.


W. K. Pritchett. The Greek State at War. 5 vols. Berkeley, 1971–1991.


Real-Encyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft. Ed. by A. Pauly, G. Wissowa, and W. Kroll. Stuttgart, 1893–1980.


J. Rich and G. Shipley. War and society in the Roman world. London, 1993.


P. J. Rhodes and R. Osborne, eds. Greek Historical Inscriptions 404–323b.c. Oxford, 2003.


K. A. Raaflaub and N. Rosenstein, eds. War and society in the ancient and medieval worlds. Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe, and Mesoamerica. Washington D.C. and Cambridge, 1999.


Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. Leiden, 1923-.


W. Dittenberger, ed. Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum. 4 vols. Leipzig, 1915–24.


M.N. Tod, ed. A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions. Vol. II. From 403 to 323b.c. Oxford, 1948.


F. W. Walbank. A Historical Commentary on Polybius. 3 vols. Oxford, 1957–1979.