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date: 02 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the character of the societies beyond the frontier and the ways in which those peoples responded to their interactions with the Roman world. Marcomanni, Quadi, Cherusci, Alamanni, Franks, Burgundians, Goths, Gepids, Alans, Huns, Avars, and Slavs were some of the transfrontier peoples. The chapter also treats the transfrontier peoples in two main groupings, one pf which consisted of peoples east of the Rhine and north of the upper Danube, as far east as modern Hungary. The second major geographical grouping was comprised of peoples north of the middle and lower Danube, from Hungary to the Black Sea. Several conflicts along the frontiers between the mid-second and fifth centuries BCaffected Roman thinking about the transfrontier peoples and influenced Roman military tactics. The continuity through time and space of specific burial practices displayed a degree of contact and communication among its enemies that Rome did not comprehend.

Keywords: transfrontier peoples, Danube, Rhine, Roman military tactics, Roman thinking, burial practices, Rome

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