- The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World
- Abbreviations and Spelling Norms
- Emperors from Augustus to Heraclius
- War and Warfare in Ancient Greece
- War and Warfare in Ancient Rome
- The Archaeology of War
- Warfare and Environment in the Ancient World
- The Classical Greek Experience
- The Three Thousand: Alexander’s Infantry Guard
- The Hellenistic World at War: Stagnation or Development?
- War and Society in Greece
- The Rise of Rome
- Imperial Rome at War
- War and Society in the Roman Empire
- Men at War
- Treating the Sick and Wounded
- Keeping Military Discipline
- The Business of War: Mercenaries
- Logistics: Sinews of War
- War at Sea
- Greeks Under Siege: Challenges, Experiences, and Emotions
- Generalship: Leadership and Command
- Finding the Enemy: Military Intelligence
- Greek Rituals of War
- Roman Rituals of War
- The Athenian Expedition to Sicily
- The Peloponnesian War and Its Sieges
- Epaminondas at Leuctra, 371 b.c.
- Demetrius “the Besieger” and Hellenistic Warfare
- The Second Punic War
- Roman Warfare with Sasanian Persia
- Epilogue: The Legacy of War in the Classical World
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes the rise of Rome. The end of the seventh and the first half of the sixth century were marked by the beginnings of urbanization, and by a substantial population increase in Rome. The cavalry was significant in the early regal and Republican battles. The Roman army had undergone a tactical revolution by the middle of the second century that included substantial numbers of allied forces in the Republican period. Early Roman tactics were usually aggressive and designed to break the enemy formation by a frontal assault. The growth of the semi-professional army in the late Republic allowed the development of legions of veteran soldiers, offering the commander a tactical advantage that could be especially effective against formations of new recruits.
Michael Sage, Professor of Classics, University of Cincinnati
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