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(p. 569) Bibliography on Epistemology

(p. 569) Bibliography on Epistemology

General Works

Achinstein, Peter, ed. The Concept of Evidence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Alcoff, Linda, and Elizabeth Potter, eds. Feminist Epistemologies. London: Routledge, 1993.Find this resource:

Almeder, Robert. Blind Realism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1992.Find this resource:

Alston, William P. Epistemic Justification. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. “Meta‐Ethics and Meta‐Epistemology.” In Values and Morals, pp. 275–297. Edited by A. I. Goldman and J. Kim. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1978.Find this resource:

——. The Reliability of Sense Perception. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

——. “The Role of Reason in the Regulation of Belief.” In Rationality in the Calvinian Tradition, pp. 135–170. Edited by N. Wolterstorff et al. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1983.Find this resource:

Antony, Louise, and Charlotte Witt, eds. A Mind of One's Own. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1992.Find this resource:

Armstrong, David M. Belief, Truth, and Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert The Architecture of Reason. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

——. Epistemology. London: Routledge, 1998.Find this resource:

——. Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.Find this resource:

——. The Structure of Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

(p. 570) ——, ed. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995; 2d ed., 1999.Find this resource:

Aune, Bruce Knowledge, Mind, and Nature. New York: Random House, 1967.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge of the External World. London: Routledge, 1991.Find this resource:

Axtell, Guy, ed. Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Virtue Epistemology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.Find this resource:

Ayer, A. J. Probability and Evidence. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.Find this resource:

——. The Problem of Knowledge. Baltimore: Penguin, 1956.Find this resource:

Baergen, Ralph Contemporary Epistemology. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Butchvarov, Panayot The Concept of Knowledge. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1970.Find this resource:

Campbell, Richmond Illusions of Paradox: A Feminist Epistemology Naturalized. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.Find this resource:

Carruthers, Peter Human Knowledge and Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.Find this resource:

Cassam, Quassim, ed. Self‐Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick M. The Foundations of Knowing. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

——. Perceiving: A Philosophical Study. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1957.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge, 1st ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1966; 2d ed., 1977; 3d ed., 1989.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick, and Robert Swartz, eds. Empirical Knowledge. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1973.Find this resource:

Clay, Marjorie, and Keith Lehrer, eds. Knowledge and Skepticism. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1989.Find this resource:

Coady, C. A. J. Testimony. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.Find this resource:

Code, Lorraine Epistemic Responsibility. Hanover, N.H.: Brown University Press/University Press of New England, 1987.Find this resource:

Coffa, J. Alberto. The Semantic Tradition from Kant to Carnap. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Cornman, James W. Perception, Common Sense, and Science. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

Craig, Edward Knowledge and the State of Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

——, ed. Perceptual Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan, and Ernest Sosa, eds. A Companion to Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.Find this resource:

Danto, Arthur Analytical Philosophy of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.Find this resource:

DePaul, Michael, and William Ramsey, eds. Rethinking Intuition. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.Find this resource:

DeVries, Willem, and Timm Triplett. Knowledge, Mind, and the Given. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2000.Find this resource:

Dicker, Georges Perceptual Knowledge. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1980.Find this resource:

(p. 571) Dretske, Fred I. Seeing and Knowing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.Find this resource:

Fairweather, Abrol, and Linda Zagzebski, eds. Virtue Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

Fales, Evan A Defense of the Given. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996.Find this resource:

Feldman, Richard and Earl Conee. “Evidentialism.” Philosophical Studies 48 (1985): 15–34.Find this resource:

Reprinted in P. K. Moser and Arnold vander Nat, eds., Human Knowledge, pp. 334–345. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Firth, Roderick In Defense of Radical Empiricism. Edited by John Troyer. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.Find this resource:

Foley, Richard Intellectual Trust in Oneself and Others. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

——. The Theory of Epistemic Rationality. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

——. Working Without a Net. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

French, Peter, et al., eds. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Fumerton, Richard Metaphysical and Epistemological Problems of Perception. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.Find this resource:

——. Metaepistemology and Skepticism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1995.Find this resource:

Gardner, Howard The Mind's New Science. New York: Basic, 1985; expanded ed., 1987.Find this resource:

Ginet, Carl “The Justification of Belief: A Primer.” In Knowledge and Mind. Edited by C. Ginet and S. Shoemaker. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge, Perception, and Memory. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1975.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin I. Epistemology and Cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge in a Social World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Find this resource:

——. Liaisons. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992.Find this resource:

——. Pathways of Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

Greco, John. “Two Kinds of Intellectual Virtue.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2000): 179–184.Find this resource:

——. “Virtue Epistemology and the Relevant Sense of ‘Relevant Responsibility’.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (1993): 61–77.Find this resource:

——. “Virtues and Vices in Virtue Epistemology.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (1993): 413–432.Find this resource:

Greco, John, and Ernest Sosa, eds. The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1999.Find this resource:

Griffiths, A. P., ed. Knowledge and Belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.Find this resource:

Grossmann, Reinhardt The Fourth Way. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Haack, Susan Evidence and Inquiry. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.Find this resource:

——. “Theories of Knowledge: An Analytic Framework.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83 (1983): 143–157.Find this resource:

Hamlyn, D. W. The Theory of Knowledge. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert Change In View. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986.Find this resource:

——. Thought. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Hetherington, Stephen Epistemology's Paradox. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1992.Find this resource:

Hill, Thomas Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. New York: Macmillan, 1961.Find this resource:

(p. 572) Hintikka, Jaakko Knowledge and Belief. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1962.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and the Known, 2d ed. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1991.Find this resource:

Hirsch, Eli Dividing Reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Hirst, R.J., ed. Perception and the External World. New York: Macmillan, 1965.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard C. The Logic of Decision, 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Kaplan, Mark Decision Theory as Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Kitcher, Philip The Advancement of Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Kornblith, Hilary, ed. Epistemology: Internalism and Externalism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2001.Find this resource:

Kulp, Christopher, ed. Realism/Antirealism and Epistemology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.Find this resource:

Kvanvig, Jonathan The Intellectual Virtues and the Life of the Mind. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1992.Find this resource:

——, ed. Warrant in Contemporary Epistemology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith Knowledge. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.Find this resource:

——. Self‐Trust. Oxford: Clarendon, 1997.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1990.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac The Enterprise of Knowledge. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Lewis, C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court, 1946.Find this resource:

Lycan, William Judgment and Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Malcolm, Norman Knowledge and Certainty. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1963.Find this resource:

McGinn, Colin Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.Find this resource:

Meyers, Robert The Likelihood of Knowledge. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1988.Find this resource:

Montmarquet, James Epistemic Virtue and Doxastic Responsibility. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1993.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. Empirical Justification. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Evidence. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. Philosophy after Objectivity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

——. “Epistemology (1900–Present).” In John Canfield, ed., Routledge History of Philosophy, vol. 10, Philosophy of the English Speaking World in the 20th Century. London: Routledge, 1996.Find this resource:

——, ed. Empirical Knowledge, 2d ed. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996.Find this resource:

——, ed. Rationality in Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K., J. D. Trout, and D. H. Mulder. The Theory of Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K., and Arnold VanderNat, eds. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987; 2d ed., 1995; 3d ed., 2002.Find this resource:

Nagel, Ernest, and Richard Brandt, eds. Meaning and Knowledge. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1965.Find this resource:

Pappas, G. S., ed. Justification and Knowledge. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

Pappas, G. S. and Marshall Swain, eds. Essays on Knowledge and Justification. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Plantinga, Alvin. Warrant: The Current Debate. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

——. Warrant and Proper Function. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

(p. 573) Pollock, John L. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986; 2d ed. (with J. Cruz), 1999.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Justification. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1974.Find this resource:

Popper, Karl Objective Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. Pursuit of Truth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V., and J. S. Ullian, The Web of Belief, 2d ed. New York: Random House, 1978.Find this resource:

Roth, Michael, and Leon Galis, eds. Knowing: Essays in the Analysis of Knowledge. New York: Random House, 1970.Find this resource:

Russell, Bertrand Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1948.Find this resource:

Schlesinger, George N. The Range of Epistemic Logic. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities, 1985.Find this resource:

Schmitt, Frederick Knowledge and Belief. London: Routledge, 1992.Find this resource:

——, ed. Socializing Epistemology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994.Find this resource:

Sellars, Wilfrid Science, Perception, and Reality. Atascadero, Calif.: Ridgeview, 1991.Find this resource:

——. The Metaphysics of Epistemology. Atascadero, Calif.: Ridgeview, 1989.Find this resource:

Shope, Robert. “The Conditional Fallacy in Contemporary Philosophy.” Journal of Philosophy 75 (1978): 397–413.Find this resource:

Sintonen, Matti, ed. Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka's Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1997.Find this resource:

Sorensen, Roy Thought Experiments. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest Knowledge in Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

——, ed., Knowledge and Justification. Aldershot, U.K.: Dartmouth, 1994.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest, and Jaegwon Kim, eds. Epistemology. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2000.Find this resource:

Stalnaker, Robert C. Inquiry. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1984.Find this resource:

Steup, Matthias, ed. Knowledge, Truth, and Duty. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

Stich, Stephen The Fragmentation of Reason. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Stroll, Avrum, ed. Epistemology. New York: Harper & Row, 1967.Find this resource:

Stroud, Barry Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.Find this resource:

Swain, Marshall Reasons and Knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Swartz, R.J., ed. Perceiving, Sensing, and Knowing. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965.Find this resource:

Tomberlin, James, ed. Philosophical Perspectives, vol. 2, Epistemology. Atascadero, Calif.: Ridgeview, 1988.Find this resource:

——, ed. Philosophical Perspectives, vol. 13, Epistemology. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1999.Find this resource:

Williams, Michael Problems of Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Find this resource:

A Priori Knowledge

Benacerraf, Paul, and Hilary Putnam, eds. Philosophy of Mathematics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1964.Find this resource:

Bennett, Jonathan Kant's Analytic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966.Find this resource:

(p. 574) Blackburn, Simon, ed. Meaning, Reference, and Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence In Defense of Pure Reason: A Rationalist Account of “A Priori” Justification. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Casullo, Albert, ed. A Priori Knowledge. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate, 1999.Find this resource:

——. A Priori Justification. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.Find this resource:

——. “Actuality and the A Priori”. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (1988): 390–402.Find this resource:

——. “Necessity, Certainty, and the ‘A Priori’.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1988): 43–66.Find this resource:

——. “Revisability, Reliabilism, and A Priori Knowledge.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (1988): 187–213.Find this resource:

Harris, J. F., and R. H. Severens, eds. Analyticity: Selected Readings. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1970.Find this resource:

Kitcher, Philip The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

——. “A Priori Knowledge.” Philosophical Review 76 (1980): 3–23.Find this resource:

——. “Apriority and Necessity.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (1980): 89–101.Find this resource:

Kripke, Saul A. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.Find this resource:

——. “Identity and Necessity.” In Naming, Necessity, and Natural Kinds, pp. 66–101. Edited by S. P. Schwartz. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1977.Find this resource:

——. Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Lewis, C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation, chaps. 3–6. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1946.Find this resource:

——. Mind and the World Order, chaps. 7–9. New York: Scribner's, 1929.Find this resource:

——. “A Pragmatic Conception of the A Priori.” Journal of Philosophy 20 (1923): 169–177.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis, pp. 231–239. Edited by J. D. Goheen and J. L. Mothershead. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1970.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K., ed. A Priori Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Pap, Arthur The A Priori in Physical Theory. New York: King's Crown, 1946.Find this resource:

——. Semantics and Necessary Truth. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1958.Find this resource:

Pasch, Alan Experience and the Analytic: A Reconsideration of Empiricism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.Find this resource:

Price, H. H. Thinking and Experience, 2d ed. London: Hutchinson, 1969.Find this resource:

Putnam, Hilary “The Analytic and the Synthetic.” In Putnam, Mind, Language, and Reality, Philosophical Papers, vol. 2, pp. 33–69. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

——. “Analyticity and Apriority: Beyond Wittgenstein and Quine.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 4, pp. 423–441. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1979.Find this resource:

——. “There Is at Least One A Priori Truth.” Erkenntnis 13 (1978): 153–70.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Putnam, Realism and Reason, Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3, pp. 98–114. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

——. “ ‘Two Dogmas’ Revisited.” In Putnam, Realism and Reason, Philosophical Papers, vol. 3, pp. 87–97. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

(p. 575) Quine, W. V. “Carnap and Logical Truth.” In Quine, The Ways of Paradox, pp. 100–125. New York: Random House, 1966.Find this resource:

——. “The Ground of Logical Truth.” In Quine, Philosophy of Logic, chap. 7. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1970.Find this resource:

——. “Truth by Convention.” In Quine, The Ways of Paradox, pp. 70–99. New York: Random House, 1966.Find this resource:

——. “Two Dogmas of Empiricism.” In Quine, From a Logical Point of View, 2d ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.Find this resource:

——. “Two Dogmas in Retrospect.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1991): 265–274.Find this resource:

Resnik, M. D. Frege and the Philosophy of Mathematics. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Rosenthal, Sandra The Pragmatic A Priori: A Study in the Epistemology of C. I. Lewis. St. Louis, Green, 1976.Find this resource:

Sleigh, R. C., ed. Necessary Truth. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1972.Find this resource:

Steiner, Mark Mathematical Knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

Wittgenstein, Ludwig Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, 3d ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Wright, Crispin Wittgenstein on the Foundations of Mathematics. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Epistemic Foundationalism

Almeder, Robert F. “Basic Knowledge and Justification.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1983): 115–28.Find this resource:

Alston, William P. Epistemic Justification. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. “Plantinga's Religious Epistemology.” In Alvin Plantinga, pp. 287–309. Edited by J. E. Tomberlin and P. van Inwagen. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

——. “Some Remarks on Chisholm's Epistemology.” Noûs 14 (1980): 565–586.Find this resource:

Annis, David B. “Epistemic Foundationalism.” Philosophical Studies 31 (1977): 345–352.Find this resource:

Armstrong, David M. Belief, Truth, and Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. The Structure of Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Ayer, A. J. “Basic Propositions.” In Philosophical Analysis, pp. 60–74. Edited by M. Black. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1950.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Ayer, Philosophical Essays. London: Macmillan, 1965.Find this resource:

——. The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. New York: Macmillan, 1940.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. “Externalist Theories of Empirical Knowledge.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5: Studies in Epistemology, pp. 53–74. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

——. The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick. “The Directly Evident.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 115–127. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

(p. 576) ——. “On the Nature of Empirical Evidence.” In Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 253–278. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge, 1st ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1966; 2d ed., 1977; 3d ed., 1989.Find this resource:

——. “Theory of Knowledge in America.” In Chisholm, The Foundations of Knowing, pp. 109–196. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

——. “A Version of Foundationalism.” In Chisholm, The Foundations of Knowing, pp. 3–32. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Churchland, Paul M. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind, chap. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.Find this resource:

Cornman, James W. “Foundational versus Nonfoundational Theories of Empirical Justification.” American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (1977); 287–297.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 229–252. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. Skepticism, Justification, and Explanation. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1980.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, chaps. 4 and 5. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

DePaul Michael, ed. Resurrecting Old‐Fashioned Foundationalism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.Find this resource:

Foley, Richard. The Theory of Epistemic Rationality. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

——. Working without a Net. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Fumerton, Richard. Metaepistemology and Skepticism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1995.Find this resource:

——. Metaphysical and Epistemological Problems of Perception, chap. 2. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alan H. Empirical Knowledge. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1988.Find this resource:

——. “Epistemic Foundationalism and the Replaceability of Ordinary Language.” Journal of Philosophy 79 (1982): 136–154.Find this resource:

Heidelberger, Herbert. “Chisholm's Epistemic Principles.” Noûs 3 (1969): 73–82.Find this resource:

Heil, John. “Foundationalism and Epistemic Rationality.” Philosophical Studies 42 (1982): 179–188.Find this resource:

Kornblith, Hilary. “Beyond Foundationalism and the Coherence Theory.” Journal of Philosophy 72 (1980): 597–612.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Naturalizing Epistemology, pp. 115–128. Edited by H. Kornblith. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith. Theory of Knowledge. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1990.Find this resource:

Lewis, C. I. An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation, chaps. 7 and 8. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court, 1946.Find this resource:

——. “The Given Element in Empirical Knowledge.” Philosophical Review 61 (1952): 168–175.Find this resource:

——. Mind and the World Order. New York: Scribner's, 1929.Find this resource:

McGrew, Timothy. The Foundations of Knowledge. Lanham, Md.: Littlefield Adams, 1995.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. “A Defense of Epistemic Intuitionism.” Metaphilosophy 15 (1984): 196–209.Find this resource:

——. Empirical Justification, chaps. 4 and 5. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

(p. 577) ——. Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. Philosophy after Objectivity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Pastin, Mark. “Lewis' Radical Foundationalism.” Noûs 9 (1975): 407–420.Find this resource:

——. “Modest Foundationalism and Self‐Warrant.” In American Philosophical Quarterly Monograph Series, No. 9: Studies in Epistemology, pp. 141–149. Edited by N. Rescher. Oxford: Blackwell, 1975.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 279–288. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Pollock, John. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986; 2d ed. (with J. Cruz), 1999.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Justification. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1974.Find this resource:

——. “A Plethora of Epistemological Theories.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 93–113. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

Quinton, Anthony. “The Foundations of Knowledge.” In British Analytic Philosophy, pp. 55–86. Edited by Bernard Williams and Alan Montefiore. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1966.Find this resource:

——. The Nature of Things, chap. 8. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973.Find this resource:

Russell, Bertrand. Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits, part 2. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1948.Find this resource:

——. An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth, chaps. 9 and 10. New York: Norton, 1940.Find this resource:

——. “On Verification.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 38 (1937–1938), 1–15.Find this resource:

Scheffler, Israel. Science and Subjectivity, 2d ed., chaps. 2 and 5. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1982.Find this resource:

Sellars, Wilfrid. “Does Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation?,” in Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 1, pp. 293–300. Edited by H. Feigl and M. Scriven. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1956.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Sellars, Science, Perception, and Reality. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Strawson, Peter F. “Does Knowledge Have Foundations?.” In Teorema, Mono. 1: Conocimiento y Creencia, pp. 99–110. Universidad de Valencia, 1974.Find this resource:

Swain, Marshall. “Cornman's Theory of Justification.” Philosophical Studies 41 (1982): 129–148.Find this resource:

——. Reasons and Knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Van Cleve, James. “Epistemic Supervenience and the Circle of Belief.” The Monist 68 (1985): 90–104.Find this resource:

——. “Foundationalism, Epistemic Principles, and the Cartesian Circle.” Philosophical Review 88 (1979): 55–91.Find this resource:

Epistemic Coherentism

Audi, Robert. The Structure of Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Bender, John, ed. The Current State of the Coherence Theory. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1989.Find this resource:

(p. 578) Blanshard, Brand. The Nature of Thought, vol. 2, chaps. 25–27. London: Allen & Unwin, 1939.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. “The Coherence Theory of Empirical Knowledge.” Philosophical Studies 30 (1976): 281–312.Find this resource:

——. The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, chaps. 8 and 9. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

——. “On Coherence Theories of Justification: Can an Empiricist be a Coherentist?.” American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1984): 359–365.Find this resource:

Davidson, Donald. “A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge.” In Kant oder Hegel, pp. 423–438. Edited by Dieter Henrich. Stuttgart: Klett‐Cotta, 1983.Find this resource:

Firth, Roderick. “Coherence, Certainty, and Epistemic Priority.” Journal of Philosophy 61 (1964), 545–557.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. Change In View. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Inference, and Explanation.” American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (1968): 164–173.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Reasons, and Causes.” Journal of Philosophy 67 (1970): 841–855.Find this resource:

——. Thought, chap. 8. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith. “Justification, Explanation, and Induction.” In Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief, pp. 100–33. Edited by M. Swain. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1970.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge, chaps. 7 and 8. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.Find this resource:

——. “The Knowledge Cycle.” Noûs 11 (1977): 17–26.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Truth, and Ontology.” In Language and Ontology: Proceedings of the 6th International Wittgenstein Symposium, pp. 201–211. Edited by W. Leinfellner et al. Vienna: Holder‐Pichler‐Tempsky, 1982.Find this resource:

——. “Self‐Profile.” In Keith Lehrer, pp. 3–104. Edited by R. J. Bogdan. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1981.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1990.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith, and Stewart Cohen. “Justification, Truth, and Coherence.” Synthese 55 (1983): 191–208.Find this resource:

Lemos, Noah. “Coherence and Epistemic Priority.” Philosophical Studies 41 (1982): 299–316.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. Empirical Justification, chap. 3. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

Pastin, Mark. “Social and Anti‐Social Justification: A Study of Lehrer's Epistemology.” In Keith Lehrer, pp. 205–222. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1981.Find this resource:

Rescher, Nicholas. “Blanshard and the Coherence Theory of Truth.” In The Philosophy of Brand Blanshard, pp. 574–588. Edited by P. Schilpp. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court, 1980.Find this resource:

——. Cognitive Systematization. Oxford: Blackwell, 1979.Find this resource:

——. The Coherence Theory of Truth. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973.Find this resource:

——. “Foundationalism, Coherentism, and the Idea of Cognitive Systematization.” Journal of Philosophy 71 (1974): 695–708.Find this resource:

——. A System of Pragmatic Idealism, 3 vols. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991–1994.Find this resource:

——. “Truth as Ideal Coherence.” Review of Metaphysics 38 (1985): 795–806.Find this resource:

Sellars, Wilfrid. “Epistemic Principles.” In Action, Knowledge, and Reality: Critical Studies (p. 579) in Honor of Wilfrid Sellars, pp. 332–348. Edited by H.‐N. Castaneda. Indianapolis: Bobbs‐Merrill, 1975.Find this resource:

——. “Givenness and Explanatory Coherence.” Journal of Philosophy 70 (1973): 612–624.Find this resource:

——. “More on Givenness and Explanatory Coherence.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 169–181. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. “Circular Coherence and Absurd Foundations.” In A Companion to Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. Edited by E. Lepore. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Epistemic Contextualism

Airaksinen, Timo. “Contextualism: A New Theory of Epistemic Justification.” Philosophia 12 (1982): 37–50.Find this resource:

Annis, David. “The Social and Cultural Component of Epistemic Justification: A Reply.” Philosophia 12 (1982): 51–55.Find this resource:

Morawetz, Thomas. Wittgenstein and Knowledge. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. Empirical Justification, chap. 2. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, chap. 7. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979.Find this resource:

——. “From Epistemology to Hermeneutics.” In Acta Philosophica Fennica, vol. 30, The Logic and Epistemology of Scientific Change. Edited by I. Niiniluoto and R. Tuomela. Amsterdam: North‐Holland, 1978.Find this resource:

Schmitt, Frederick, ed. Socializing Epistemology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994.Find this resource:

Shiner, Roger. “Wittgenstein and the Foundations of Knowledge.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 78 (1977–78): 103–124.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. “On Groundless Belief.” Synthese 43 (1979): 453–460.Find this resource:

Williams, Michael. “Coherence, Justification, and Truth.” Review of Metaphysics 34 (1980): 243–272.Find this resource:

——. Groundless Belief. Oxford: Blackwell, 1977; 2d ed., Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.Find this resource:

——. Unnatural Doubts. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.Find this resource:

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. On Certainty. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe and G. H. von Wright. Oxford: Blackwell, 1969.Find this resource:

Epistemic Reliabilism

Armstrong, David M. Belief, Truth, and Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

(p. 580) ——. “Self‐Profile.” In D. M. Armstrong, pp. 30–37. Edited by R. Bogdan. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1984.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. The Structure of Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. “Externalist Theories of Empirical Knowledge.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology, pp. 53–73. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Cohen, Stewart. “Justification and Truth.” Philosophical Studies 46 (1984): 279–295.Find this resource:

Dretske, Fred I. “Conclusive Reasons.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1971): 1–22.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 41–60. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. “The Pragmatic Dimension of Knowledge.” Philosophical Studies 40 (1981): 363–378.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and the Flow of Information, chaps. 4 and 5. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1981.Find this resource:

——. “Precis of Knowledge and the Flow of Information.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1983): 55–63.Find this resource:

Feldman, Richard. “Reliability and Justification.” The Monist 68 (1985): 159–174.Find this resource:

Feldman, Richard and Earl Conee. “Evidentialism.” Philosophical Studies 48 (1985): 15–34.Find this resource:

Firth, Roderick. “Epistemic Merit, Intrinsic and Instrumental.” In Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 55 (1981): 5–23.Find this resource:

Foley, Richard. “What's Wrong with Reliabilism?” The Monist 68 (1985): 188–202.Find this resource:

Friedman, Michael. “Truth and Confirmation.” Journal of Philosophy 76 (1979): 361–382.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Naturalizing Epistemology, pp. 147–168. Edited by H. Kornblith. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Ginet, Carl. “Contra Reliabilism.” The Monist 68 (1985): 175–187.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin I. “Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 73 (1976): 771–791.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 120–145. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. Epistemology and Cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

——. “The Internalist Conception of Justification.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology, pp. 27–52. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

——. Liaisons. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992.Find this resource:

——. “What Is Justified Belief?” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 1–23. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

Heil, John. “Reliability and Epistemic Merit.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (1984): 327–338.Find this resource:

Kornblith, Hilary. “Beyond Foundationalism and the Coherence Theory.” Journal of Philosophy 72 (1980): 597–612.Find this resource:

——. “Ever Since Descartes.” The Monist 68 (1985): 264–276.Find this resource:

——. “Justified Belief and Epistemically Responsible Action.” Philosophical Review 92 (1983): 33–48.Find this resource:

——. “The Psychological Turn.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 60 (1982): 238–253.Find this resource:

——, ed. Naturalizing Epistemology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1994.Find this resource:

Kvanvig, Johathan. The Intellectual Virtues and the Life of the Mind. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1992.Find this resource:

(p. 581) Lycan William G. “Armstrong's Theory of Knowing.” In D. M. Armstrong, pp. 139–160. Edited by R. Bogdan. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1984.Find this resource:

——. Judgment and Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Montmarquet, James. Epistemic Virtue and Doxastic Responsibility. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1993.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. Empirical Justification, chap. 4 and appendix. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge without Evidence.” Philosophia 15 (1985): 109–116.Find this resource:

Nozick, Robert. Philosophical Explanations, chap. 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Pappas, George S. “Non‐Inferential Knowledge.” Philosophia 12 (1982): 81–98.Find this resource:

Pastin, Mark. “Knowledge and Reliability: A Critical Study of D. M. Armstrong's Belief, Truth, and Knowledge.” Metaphilosophy 9 (1978): 150–162.Find this resource:

——. “The Multi‐perspectival Theory of Knowledge.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology, pp. 97–111. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Pollock, John. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986; 2d ed. (with J. Cruz), 1999.Find this resource:

——. “Reliability and Justified Belief.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1984): 103–114.Find this resource:

Schmitt, Frederick F. “Justification as Reliable Indication or Reliable Process.” Philosophical Studies 40 (1981): 409–417.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Belief. London: Routledge, 1992.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge as Tracking.” Topoi 4 (1985): 73–80.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Justification, and Reliability.” Synthese 55 (1983): 209–229.Find this resource:

——. “Reliability, Objectivity, and the Background of Justification.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (1984): 1–15.Find this resource:

Shope, Robert K. “Cognitive Abilities, Conditionals, and Knowledge: A Response to Nozick.” Journal of Philosophy 81 (1984): 29–47.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Swain, Marshall. “Justification and the Basis of Belief.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 25–49. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

——. “Justification and Reliable Belief.” Philosophical Studies 40 (1981): 389–407.Find this resource:

—— “Justification, Reasons, and Reliability.” Synthese 64 (1985): 69–92.Find this resource:

——. Reasons and Knowledge, chap. 4. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Van Cleve, James. “Reliability, Justification, and the Problem of Induction.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy , vol. 9, pp. 555–567. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.Find this resource:

Naturalized Epistemology

Almeder, Robert. Harmless Naturalism. Chicago: Open Court, 1998.Find this resource:

——. “On Naturalizing Epistemology.” American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1990): 263–279.Find this resource:

(p. 582) Bogen, James. “Traditional Epistemology and Naturalistic Replies to its Skeptical Critics.” Synthese 64 (1985): 195–223.Find this resource:

Boyd, Richard. “Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology.” In PSA 80 (1982), vol. 2. East Lansing, Mich.: Philosophy of Science Association.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, chap. 15. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

Devitt, Michael. Realism and Truth, chap. 5. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984; 2d ed., 1991.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin I. Epistemology and Cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

——. “Epistemology and the Psychology of Belief.” The Monist 61 (1978): 525–535.Find this resource:

——. “Epistemology and the Theory of Problem Solving.” Synthese 55 (1983): 21–48.Find this resource:

——. Liaisons. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992.Find this resource:

——. “The Relation between Epistemology and Psychology.” Synthese 64 (1985): 29–68.Find this resource:

——. “Varieties of Cognitive Appraisal.” Noûs 13 (1979): 23–38.Find this resource:

Haack, Susan. “The Relevance of Psychology to Epistemology.” Metaphilosophy 6 (1975): 161–176.Find this resource:

Kitcher, Philip. “The Naturalists Return.” Philosophical Review 101 (1992): 53–114.Find this resource:

Kornblith, Hilary, ed. Naturalizing Epistemology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985; 2d ed., 1994.Find this resource:

Lycan, William G. “Epistemic Value.” Synthese 64 (1985): 137–164.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K., and David Yandell. “Against Naturalizing Rationality.” In Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter, eds. The Contextualization of Rationality, pp. 81–94. Paderborn: Mentis, 2000.Find this resource:

Putnam, Hilary. “Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized.” In Putnam, Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, vol. 3, pp. 229–247. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. “The Nature of Natural Knowledge.” In Mind and Language: Wolfson College Lectures, pp. 67–81. Edited by S. Guttenplan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, chap. 5. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979.Find this resource:

Siegel, Harvey. “Empirical Psychology, Naturalized Epistemology, and First Philosophy.” Philosophy of Science 51 (1984): 667–676.Find this resource:

——. “Justification, Discovery, and the Naturalizing of Epistemology.” Philosophy of Science 47 (1980): 297–321.Find this resource:

——. “Naturalism, Instrumental Rationality, and the Normativity of Epistemology.” In Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter, eds. The Contextualization of Rationality, pp. 95–107. Paderborn: Mentis, 2000.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. “Nature Unmirrored, Epistemology Naturalized.” Synthese 55 (1983): 49–72.Find this resource:

Stroud, Barry. “The Significance of Naturalized Epistemology.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 6, Analytic Philosophy, pp. 455–471. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Naturalizing Epistemology, pp. 71–89. Edited by H. Kornblith. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1985.Find this resource:

——. The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism, chap. 6. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984.Find this resource:

Swain, Marshall. “Epistemics and Epistemology.” Journal of Philosophy 75 (1978): 523–525.Find this resource:

Gettier Problem

Audi, Robert. “Defeated Knowledge, Reliability, and Justification.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology, pp. 75–95. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick M. “Knowledge as Justified True Belief.” In Chisholm, The Foundations of Knowing, pp. 43–49. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, chap. 2. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

Dretske, Fred I. “Conclusive Reasons.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1971): 1–22.Find this resource:

Feldman, Richard. “An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter‐Examples.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (1974): 68–69.Find this resource:

Gettier, Edmund. “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?.” Analysis 23 (1963): 121–123.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin. “A Causal Theory of Knowing.” Journal of Philosophy 64 (1967): 357–372.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 67–86. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. “Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 73 (1976): 771–791. Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 120–45.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. “Knowledge, Inference, and Explanation.” American Philosophical Quarterly 5 (1968): 164–173.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Reasons, and Causes.” Journal of Philosophy 67 (1970): 841–855.Find this resource:

——. “Reasoning and Evidence One Does Not Possess.” In Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 5, Studies in Epistemology, pp. 163–182. Edited by P. French et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.Find this resource:

——. Thought, chaps. 7–9. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Kaplan, Mark. “It's Not What You Know That Counts.” Journal of Philosophy 82 (1985): 350–363.Find this resource:

Klein, Peter D. “Knowledge, Causality, and Defeasibility.” Journal of Philosophy 73 (1976): 792–812.Find this resource:

——. “A Proposed Definition of Propositional Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 68 (1971): 471–482.Find this resource:

——. “Misleading Evidence and the Restoration of Justification.” Philosophical Studies 37 (1980): 81–89.Find this resource:

——. “Real Knowledge.” Synthese 55 (1983): 143–164.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith. “The Gettier Problem and the Analysis of Knowledge.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 65–78. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge, chap. 9. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.Find this resource:

——. “Self‐Profile.” In Keith Lehrer, pp. 3–104. Edited by R. Bogdan. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1981.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1990.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. “Propositional Knowledge.” Philosophical Studies 52 (1987): 91–114.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Ernest Sosa, ed., Knowledge and Justification, vol. 1, pp. 99–124. Aldershort, U.K.: Dartmouth, 1994.Find this resource:

(p. 584) Roth, Michael D, and Leon Galis, eds. Knowing: Essays in the Analysis of Knowledge. New York: Random House, 1970.Find this resource:

Shope, Robert K. The Analysis of Knowing. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge and Falsity.” Philosophical Studies 36 (1979): 389–405.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge as Justified Belief in a True, Justified Proposition.” Philosophy Research Archives 5 (1979): 1–36.Find this resource:

Slaght, Ralph. “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?: A Selective Critical Survey of Recent Work.” Philosophy Research Archives 3 (1977): 1–135.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. “How Do You Know?.” American Philosophical Quarterly 11 (1974): 113–122.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 184–205. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. “Epistemic Presupposition.” In Justification and Knowledge, pp. 79–92. Edited by G. S. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

Swain, Marshall. “Epistemic Defeasibility.” American Philosophical Quarterly 11 (1974): 15–25.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 160–183. Edited by G. S. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. “Knowledge, Causality, and Justification.” Journal of Philosophy 69 (1972): 291–300. Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 87–99.Find this resource:

——. Reasons and Knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

——. “Reasons, Causes, and Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 75 (1978): 229–249.Find this resource:

Thalberg, Irving. “In Defense of Justified True Belief.” Journal of Philosophy 66 (1969): 794–803.Find this resource:

Williams, Michael. “Inference, Justification, and the Analysis of Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 75 (1978): 249–263.Find this resource:

Epistemological Skepticism

Amico, Robert. The Problem of the Criterion. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1993.Find this resource:

Brueckner, Anthony L. “Skepticism and Epistemic Closure.” Philosophical Topics 13 (1985): 89–117.Find this resource:

Burnyeat, Myles, ed. The Skeptical Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Butchvarov, Panayot. Skepticism about the External World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick M. “The Problem of the Criterion.” In Chisholm, The Foundations of Knowing, pp. 61–75. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Clay, Marjorie, and Keith Lehrer, eds. Knowledge and Skepticism. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1989.Find this resource:

Cornman, James W. Skepticism, Justification, and Explanation. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1980.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, chap. 1. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.Find this resource:

DeRose, Keith, and Ted Warfield, eds. Skepticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Find this resource:

(p. 585) Floridi, Luciano. Scepticism and the Foundation of Epistemology. Leiden: Brill, 1996.Find this resource:

Fogelin, Robert. Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.Find this resource:

Foley, Richard. Working without a Net. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

——. Review of Peter Klein's Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism. Philosophy & Phenomenological Research 4 (1984).Find this resource:

Fumerton, Richard. Metaepistemology and Skepticism. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1995.Find this resource:

Greco, John. Putting Skeptics in their Place. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.Find this resource:

Hilpinen, Risto. “Skepticism and Justification.” Synthese 55 (1983): 165–174.Find this resource:

Huemer, Michael. Skepticism and the Veil of Perception. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.Find this resource:

Johnson, Oliver. “Ignorance and Irrationality: A Study in Contemporary Scepticism.” Philosophy Research Archives 5 (1979): 368–417.Find this resource:

——. Skepticism and Cognitivism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Klein, Peter D. Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1981.Find this resource:

——. “Real Knowledge.” Synthese 55 (1983): 143–164.Find this resource:

Lehrer, Keith. Knowledge, chap. 10. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.Find this resource:

——. “The Problem of Knowledge and Skepticism.” In James Cornman, Keith Lehrer, and George Pappas, Philosophical Problems and Arguments: An Introduction, 3d ed., chap. 2. New York: Macmillan, 1982.Find this resource:

——. Theory of Knowledge. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1990.Find this resource:

——. “Why Not Scepticism?” Philosophical Forum 2 (1971): 283–298. Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 346–363.Find this resource:

Luper‐Foy, Steven, ed. The Possibility of Knowledge: Nozick and his Critics. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul K. “Justified Doubt without Certainty.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (1984): 97–104.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

——. Philosophy After Objectivity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

——. “Skepticism Undone?” In The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Edited by John Greco. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002.Find this resource:

Naess, Arne. Skepticism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969.Find this resource:

Nathan, N. M. L. The Price of Doubt. London: Routledge, 2001.Find this resource:

Nozick, Robert. Philosophical Explanations, chap. 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.Find this resource:

Oakley, I. T. “An Argument for Skepticism Concerning Justified Belief.” American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (1976): 221–228.Find this resource:

O'Connor, D. J., and Brian Carr. Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, chap. 1. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Odegard, Douglas. “Chisholm's Approach to Scepticism.” Metaphilosophy 12 (1981): 7–12.Find this resource:

——. Knowledge and Skepticism. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1983.Find this resource:

Pappas, George. “Some Forms of Epistemological Scepticism.” In Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 309–316. Edited by G. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Rescher, Nicholas. Scepticism: A Critical Reappraisal. Oxford: Blackwell, 1979.Find this resource:

(p. 586) Roth, M. D., and G. Ross, eds. Doubting. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1990.Find this resource:

Slote, Michael. Reason and Scepticism. New York: Humanities, 1970.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest, and Enrique Villanueva, eds. Skepticism. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 2000.Find this resource:

Strawson, Peter F. Skepticism and Naturalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Stroud, Barry. The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984.Find this resource:

——. “The Significance of Scepticism.” In Transcendental Arguments and Science. Edited by P. Bieri et al. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1979.Find this resource:

——. “Skepticism and the Possibility of Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 81 (1984): 545–551.Find this resource:

Unger, Peter. “A Defense of Skepticism.” Philosophical Review 80 (1971): 198–218.Find this resource:

Reprinted in Essays on Knowledge and Justification, pp. 317–336. Edited by G. Pappas and M. Swain. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

——. Ignorance. Oxford: Clarendon, 1976.Find this resource:

——. “Two Types of Scepticism.” Philosophical Studies 25 (1974): 77–96.Find this resource:

Vinci, Thomas. Critical Notice of Peter Klein's Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1984): 125–145.Find this resource:

Watkins, John. Science and Scepticism. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.Find this resource:

Williams, Michael. Unnatural Doubts. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.Find this resource:

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. On Certainty. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe and G. H. von Wright. Oxford: Blackwell, 1969.Find this resource:

Woods, Michael. “Scepticism and Natural Knowledge.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 54 (1980): 231–248.Find this resource: