Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 November 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article is a description of the National Socialist millennialism. Hitler's party's ideological framework and deliberations betrayed stark millennial underpinnings. Post World War I Germany was characterized by political and social divisions approaching civil war, all reflected in a confusing and inefficient parliamentary democracy. The perception of total collapse in political, social, economic, and cultural realms generated a sense of apocalypse, which in turn elicited feelings of hopelessness and a subsequent search for salvation in a movement and a leader. Many Germans rejected the nascent Weimar Republic. This article gives an overview of Hitler's messianism, from revelation to legitimization, to finally linking the leader and the led. Interpreting the rapid and radical change of the postwar years in apocalyptic terms, the Nazis got a hopeful belief in the imminent dawn of a New Age—a millennial Reich that would witness a sense of racial unity with peace and prosperity.

Keywords: National Socialist millennialism, World War I, nascent Weimar Republic, Hitler's messianism, millennial Reich, racial unity

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.