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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the concept and various definitions of state. These include Max Weber's definition of the state as a specific type of political organization and his emphasis on regulation and coercion anchored in a distinct and differentiated organization, and John Haldon's opinion that a state is a set of institutions and personnel exerting authority over a territorially distinct area. The chapter argues that while existing theories variously privilege resource stress, state structure, and state size, actual outcomes are often seen as mediated by exogenous factors such as competitors and environmental factors.

Keywords: state, Max Weber, political organization, regulation, coercion, John Haldon, authority, resource stress, state structure, state size

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