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date: 25 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Experiences from Emancipation through World War II laid bare the limits of purely domestic law and advocacy in the struggle for African American citizenship. Consequently, some African Americans turned their attention to the arena of international relations. Following the victory of the Allied forces in World War II, the international community converged on San Francisco to create an institution that required traditional notions of sovereignty to yield to equally compelling interests in fundamental freedoms and basic human rights. As the United Nations took shape, many African Americans saw it as a forum in which the United States might be held to account for Reconstructions' unfulfilled promises of citizenship.

Keywords: civil rights movement, African American citizenship, international relations, fundamental freedoms, human rights, sovereignty

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