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date: 27 July 2021

(p. xii) (p. xiii) Abbreviations

(p. xii) (p. xiii) Abbreviations

The abbreviations of ancient literary sources, with only a few exceptions, are those employed by the standard English-language dictionaries of ancient Greek and Latin: H. G. Liddell, R. Scott, and H. S. Jones (eds.), A Greek-English Lexicon. 9th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1968; P. G. W. Glare (ed.), Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1982.

Greek and Latin inscriptions are cited according to the short forms provided by F. Bérard et al., Guide de l'épigraphiste. Bibliographie choisie des épigraphies antiques et médiévales. 3rd ed. Paris: Éditions Rue d'Ulm 1986 (esp. pp. 17–18). Several supplements to this volume can be downloaded from the Internet:

For the abbreviations of volumes publishing papyrus texts, see J. F. Oates et al., Checklist of Editions of Greek, Latin, Demotic and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca and Tablets, which is now best consulted on the Internet at this address:

In cases where these tools do not include an abbreviation, one has been created for this volume, and is listed below. Also, in one or two instances, an abbreviation suggested by one of the volumes above has been replaced by the generally more recognizable form of citation. This is the case, for example, with Cassius Dio, and his Roman History—we have replaced the ‘D.C.’ of Liddell, Scott, and Jones with the more recognizable ‘Dio.’

Note lastly that wherever editions with English translations of the texts in question are reasonably easily available, these, rather than the standard scholarly editions in the original languages, are referred to. Also, for translations of many Latin texts, one may consult

  • Amm. Marc. J. C. Rolfe (ed.), Ammianus Marcellinus. With an English Translation. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1956.

  • Augustine, Ordine W. M. Green and K.-D. Daur (eds.), Augustinus, Contra academicos. De beata vita. De ordine. De magistro. De libero arbitrio. CCSL 29. Turnhout: Brepols 1970.

  • BMCRE H. Mattingly (ed.), Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. 6 vols. London: British Museum 1923–62.

  • CCSL Corpus Christianorum: Series Latina. Turnhout: Brepols 1953–.

  • (p. xiv) CJ P. Krueger (ed.), Corpus Iuris Civilis. Volumen Secundum. Codex Justinianus. Berlin: Weidmann 1877.

  • Coll. Leg. Mos. Mosaicarum et Romanarum legum collatio. In P. Krueger, Th. Mommsen, and G. Studemund (eds.), Collectio Librorum Iuris Anteiustiniani, vol. I. Berlin: Weidmann 1890.

  • CTh Th. Mommsen and P. Meyer (eds.), Codex Theodosianus cum Constitutionibus Sirmondianis et Leges Novellae ad Theodosianum pertinentes. Berlin: Weidmann 1905.

  • For a translation, see C. Pharr, The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions. A Translation with Commentary, Glossary and Bibliography. Princeton: Princeton University Press 1952.

  • Dig. Th. Mommsen (ed.), Corpus Iuris Civilis. Volumen Primum. Institutiones, Digesta. Berlin: Weidmann 1872.

  • For a translation see A. Watson (ed.), The Digest of Justinian. Rev. ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press 1998.

  • Dio E. Cary (ed.), Dio's Roman History. 9 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1914–27.

  • FGrHist F. Jacoby et al., Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. Leiden: E. J. Brill 1926–.

  • FIRA S. Riccobono, et al. (eds.), Fontes Iuris Romani Anteiustiani. 2nd ed. 3 vols. Florence: Barbera 1940–43.

  • HA D. Magie (ed.), The Scriptores Historiae Augustae. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1921.

  • Jerome Ep. I. Hilberg (ed.), Sancti Eusebii Hieronymi Epistulae. Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum, vols. 54–56. Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften 1996.

    Some of these letters are available in English translation in F. A. Wright (ed.), Jerome, Select Letters. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1933.

  • Just. Epit. O. Seel (ed.), Iustini epitoma historiae Philippicae Pompeii Trogi. Stuttgart: B. G. Teubner 1935.

  • Lact. Epit. E. Heck and A. Wlosok (ed.), Lactantius: Epitome divinarum institutionum. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. 1994.

  • Max. Tyr. Or. M. B. Trapp, Maximus of Tyre. The Philosophical Orations. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1997.

  • Nov. R. Schöll and G. Kroll (eds.), Corpus Iuris Civilis. Volumen Tertium. Novellae. Berlin: Weidmann 1928.

  • NTh See CTh.

  • (p. xv) Oros. Hist. R. J. Deferrari (ed.), Paulus Orosius. The Seven Books of History against the Pagans. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press 1964.

  • Pan. Lat. C. E. V. Nixon and B. Saylor Rodgers, In Praise of Later Roman Emperors. The Panegyrici Latini. Introduction, Translation, and Historical Commentary. Berkeley: University of California Press 1994.

  • Pass. Perpet. Passio Perpetuae et Felicitatis. In: H. Musurillo, The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1972.

  • PIR2 E. Groag et al., Prosopographia Imperii Romani. 2nd ed. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 1933–.

  • Proc. Build. H. B. Dewing and G. Downey (eds.), Procopius, VII, On Buildings. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1940.

  • PS D. Liebs, “Die pseudopaulinischen Sentenzen II. Versuch einer neuen Palingenesie, Ausführung.” Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Romanistische Abteilung 113 (1996): 132–242.

  • RE Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaften. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler 1894–1980.

  • RIC H. Mattingly et al. (eds.), The Roman Imperial Coinage. 9 vols. London: Spink 1923–68.

  • RIC2 C. H. V. Sutherland and R. A. G. Carson (eds.), The Roman Imperial Coinage. Rev. ed. London: Spink 1984–.

  • RPC A. M. Burnett et al., Roman Provincial Coinage. London: British Museum Press 1992–. See also

  • RRC M. Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1974.

  • Sidonius W. B. Anderson (ed.), Sidonius Apollinaris. Poems and Letters. With an English Translation, Introduction, and Notes. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1936–65.

  • Socrates, HE Socrates, The Ecclesiastical History of Socrates, Surnamed Scholasticus: or the Advocate; Comprising a History of the Church, in Seven Books, from the Accession of Constantine, A.D. 305, to the 38th Year of Theodosius II, Including a Period of 140 Years. London: G. Bell 1884.

  • Suet. Vit. Hor. Suetonius, Vita Horatii poetae. In A. Reifferscheid (ed.), C. Suetoni Tranquilli praeter ‘Caesarum’ libros reliquiae. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner 1860.

  • Tert. Fuga A. Gerlo, E. Evans, and A. Harnack (eds.), Tertullianus, Opera II. Opera montanistica. CCSL 2. Turnhout: Brepols 1954.

  • (p. xvi) Tit. Ulp. F. Schulz (ed.), Die Epitome Ulpiani des Codex Vaticanus Reginae 1128. Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Weber's Verlag 1926.

  • Ulp. Reg. Ulpian, Liber singularis regularum. In P. Krueger, Th. Mommsen, and G. Studemund (eds.), Collectio Librorum Iuris Anteiustiniani, vol. II. Berlin: Weidmann 1878.

  • Zos. R. T. Ridley (ed.), Zosimus. New History. A Translation with Commentary. Canberra: Australian National University 1982 (repr. 1984).