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date: 17 June 2019

(p. 734) (p. 735) Index

(p. 734) (p. 735) Index

abbreviations (in inscriptions), 194–95
abortion, 625
abusive behavior, 8, 26, 115, 335, 346, 381, 385, 387–88, 457 (see also insult)
acclamations, 18, 111, 347
address (formulae of), 233–44
adoption (imperial), 256
adultery, 150, 385–86, 647
adulthood, 631
advocates, 327–30
amor, 409–10
anachoresis, 699
anecdotes, 362, 365–66, 469–71, 490 (see also sources)
anger, 124, 379, 489
Annales school, 6, 693–94
a rationibus, 250
archives, 201–2
Arval Brothers, 458
asceticism, 576
astronomy, 681–82
auctoritas, 27, 276, 288–90, 328
Augustales, 339, 457–58
Babatha, 156–57
baptism, 573
benevolentia, 407–8
Beth Phouraia, 157
body, 78, 86, 717 (see also physiognomy)
books, 169–87
Boukoloi, 704
brigandage, 477–79
building, 277–78
change, 45–46
charity, 550, 554–56
childhood, 76
children, 448–49, 475–76, 486, 626, 721
Christianity, 80, 506, 650–51, 729
Circus Maximus, 336, 663, 668
citizenship (Roman), 13–14, 42, 44, 60, 151–53, 240, 311 (see also constitutio Antoniniana; ius Latii)
civil wars, 45–48, 60
claques, 291–92, 326, 349
class, 49, 616 (see also elite)
definitions of, 4, 21
lower. See non-elites
mixing of (in courtroom), 317
struggle, 24, 503–4, 704
clients. See patronage
clothes. See dress; hierarchy
collegia, 457–58, 569, 600–601
colonies, 522
communication, 15–18, 114–15, 169–87, 193–202, 272, 580
non-verbal, 18, 251–52, 263, 272, 289, 296–300, 308 (see also gesture)
consensus, 512
constitutio Antoniniana, 41, 144, 152–53, 208, 214–15 (see also citizenship)
contio, 274, 286–301, 660
contraceptives, 625
conventus, 234
conversation (at dinner), 460–63
criminality, 655, 693–94, 707–8
crisis, 42, 50
culture
cultural history, 12
of the elite, 169–87, 271
Jewish, 557
mass culture, 171
material culture, 18
of the non-elites, 169–87, 271
death, 71
democracy, 109–10, 273–75, 439
demography, 13, 42, 60, 71, 630 (see also mobility; mortality)
of children, 626–27
of Christianity, 582
of Jews, 551
dining, 16, 309, 366, 388, 509, 538–39, 570, 573, 601
divorce, 77
(p. 736) doctors, 120, 137, 615
dolls, 78–79
domus Augusta, 277, 617
draft (army), 519, 527
drama (as transmitter of literature), 169
dress, 18, 79, 341–42, 369, 647 (see also hierarchy)
economy, 3, 8, 11–13, 19, 20, 42, 146, 248, 502–3, 556
of prostitution, 649–50
education, 625
among non-elites, 629
elite, 10, 16, 21, 87, 123, 132, 134, 346, 610, 660–61, 689–90, 696, 701, 706 (see also non-elites)
and coin types, 251, 253–54
definition of (ancient), 153–54
definition of (modern), 4
duties of, 153
education of, 102
and the law, 154
local, 14, 60–61, 132–33, 306, 518, 528, 554–55 (see also urban elites)
values of, 49
violence among, 489–90
emotions, 19, 115, 124, 198, 407, 488, 720
in oratory, 111
toward children, 623–24
empire (definition of), 40
ethics. See teaching, ethical
ethnicity, 679–80, 690, 704 (see also racism)
euergetism, 10, 196–97, 307, 309, 337–38, 343–45, 370, 395, 454, 554–56, 562, 661 (see also patronage)
exemplarity, 12, 84–86, 98, 105, 136, 200–201, 205, 717
existimatio, 410–11
exposure. See children
fairs, 19
familia (definition), 70
family, 145–47, 152, 329, 541–42, 567–68, 619, 657
Christian, 576–77
dining together, 439
extended, 70, 74
nuclear, 70
promoted by coin issues, 252–53
fasting, 574
fear, 723, 725
festivals, 663
fetial ritual, 54, 519–20
feuds, 124, 383, 387, 486–89
fides, 409
Foedus Cassianum, 520
freedmen, 339–40, 601–2
as benefactors, 343–44
as slave dealers, 595–96
free speech, 348
friendship, 16, 186, 329, 436, 674
funerals, 277, 279, 336, 345, 458–60, 507, 541, 601, 673
games. See spectacles
gender, 78, 113, 644, 687, 719
gesture, 18, 103, 106–7, 615 (see also communication, non-verbal)
graffiti, 171
grammaticus, 93, 120, 122
gratia, 408–9
Greek (as language of coinage), 259
healing, 573
Herculaneum, 231
hierarchy (social), 8–10, 20–22, 112–13, 148–49, 203, 289, 328, 335, 509 (see also rank; seating arrangements)
at the baths, 368–70
in careers, 272
among collegia, 511
at dinner parties, 439
in family, 145–46
honestiores/humiliores, 153–54, 475
and the law, 154, 317
in punishments, 475
among religious cults, 537–39
among slaves, 25, 603
and violence, 481–83, 488–90
hypomnema, 235
identity, 12–15, 76–79, 262, 653 (see also Romanization)
infamia, 663–65, 669, 671–72
insult, 379–82, 384, 389, 609, 723–25 (see also abusive behavior)
in oratory, 104, 110
at theater, 348
invective. See abusive behavior
ius Latii, 54 (see also citizenship)
ius vitae necisque, 632–33
Judaism, 578–79
(p. 737) Latin
in the army, 529
in courts of law, 324
as language of coinage, 259
law, 42, 50, 59, 429, 434–35, 728
courts of law, 415
letters
in business, 241
of invitation, 240–41
lex de imperio, 51–52, 58
libraries, 367
literacy, 17, 87, 89–90, 97, 169, 182, 229, 574 (see also writing)
litigation, 237, 380
loans, 416–17
magic, 133, 230
markets, 19
marriage, 148, 577, 657
laws (Augustan), 148–49, 618–19, 646–47
Masada, 167, 186
masculinity, 615
mass production (of books), 182–83
medicine. See doctors
memory, 12, 18, 57, 85, 102, 200–202, 205, 261, 291–92, 594, 611
missilia, 342
mobility (human), 48, 56–57
mobility (social), 328, 504–5, 508–11, 528, 666, 672–74, 697
mortality (of children), 71, 624, 627 (see also demography)
mos maiorum, 84
municipalization, 59–60
names, 718
nation (definition of), 172–75
noise, 365
non-elites, 10, 17, 19, 21, 23–26, 61, 72, 78, 87, 97, 135–36, 149, 155, 244, 263, 345–47, 502, 556–57, 653, 674 (see also elite)
at the baths, 360–65, 367–70
honor among, 393
opinions of, in theater, 347–50
violence among, 490
nudity, 368
orality, 717
oratory, 16, 122, 130, 328–29, 394 (see also contio; rhetoric; Second Sophistic)
funereal, 279
topography of public, 290–92
orphans, 635–36
paedagogus, 92
Panhellenion, 310
papyri. See sources
paterfamilias, 73, 484, 592, 650 (see also patria potestas)
patria potestas, 70–71, 145–47, 629–30
peasants, 3, 19, 568
peculium, 145–47
performance, 272, 306–8, 317 (see also spectacles)
petitions (to governmental officials), 155–56, 234–35, 244
philosophy, 579–80
physiognomy, 18 (see also body)
piracy, 477–79, 705
plebs. See non-elites
police, 158, 486–87
Pompeii, 167–68, 649
poverty. See wealth
praefectus Aegypti, 231–32
priests, 277
private (versus public), 16, 71, 280–82, 615–16
hospitality, 422
procurator monetae, 250
propaganda, 264–65
prostitution, 150–51, 366, 502, 595–96, 671, 718
public (versus private). See private
publication (of literary texts), 180–85, 619
punishment (of criminals), 153–54, 695–96, 706
quaestiones perpetuae, 322–23
racism, 10, 530–31 (see also ethnicity)
rank (social) (see also hierarchy)
expressed by arrangement of inscribed names, 25 (see also names)
expressed by greeting or closing formulae in letters, 243
expressed by level of education, 307–8
expressed by personal handwriting, 22
expressed by place from which orator speaks, 290–92
expressed by seating arrangements, 20 (see also seating arrangements)
expressed by sophistic performance, 311–12
expressed by type of document employed, 235–36
rape, 377–78, 477, 482
recommendation, letters of, 238, 417
revenge, 378–85, 483–84, 488
(p. 738) rhetoric, 129, 131, 134, 227–28, 274, 300, 308–9, 388, 482, 615 (see also contio; oratory; Second Sophistic)
teachers of, 120, 184
roads, 277–78
Roman, definition of, 13–15, 21–23
Romanization, 12, 60, 77, 175 (see also identity)
Rostra, 290–91
rural society, 3, 19, 97
culture of, 169–70
SC Claudianum, 148
SC de Cn. Pisone patre, 618
seating arrangements, 20–21, 338–42, 352, 370, 438, 441–48, 454–55, 665, 706 (see also hierarchy)
Second Sophisitic, 16 (see also oratory; rhetoric)
secrecy, 681
self-control, 123–24
self-help, 157–59, 483–84
self-representation, 16, 72, 87–88, 132, 134–36, 198–200, 210, 217–18, 300
senate (membership in), 56
sexuality, 366–67, 723
shame culture, 123 (see also honor)
slaves, 95, 542, 700–701, 720 (see also freedmen)
education of, 90
imperial (servi/familia Caesaris), 148, 598–99, 603
legal status of, 147
owned by other slaves (vicarii), 593, 595–99, 603
public (servi publici), 597–98, 603
revolts by, 23, 593
violence done to, 485–86, 490
Social War (90–88 BC), 45, 60
society (definition of), 13
sounds, 18
sources (ancient) (see also anecdotes)
archaeological, 554
Christian, 582–83
coins, 305
for entertainers, 662
graffiti, 654, 673
inscriptions, 305, 423, 500, 561, 594, 611
interests of, 335–36, 488, 609, 670–71, 716
lack of, 19, 328
legal, 73
literary, 40, 44, 49–50, 72, 272, 361, 423, 469–71, 619, 696
papyri, 72, 698–99
for prostitution, 644
spectacles, 272–73 (see also performance)
statio (as position of the emperor), 38 (see also emperor)
statues, 203, 277
status. See hierarchy
stoning, 479
suicide, 390, 481
tablets (written documents). See writing
taxation, 647, 654
teaching
abstract, 127
ethical, 127
practical, 128
testaments, 416
theft, 242
torture, 471–75, 600
toys, 78–79
trade, 248
tradition, 46
trials, 287, 600
triumph, 277–79
triumvir monetalis, 250
undertakers, 727
urban centers, 19
urban elites, 134–36 (see also elite)
utopia, 23, 114, 550, 555
veterans, 56, 152
victory (military), 256
villas, 281–82
Vindolanda, 167, 186, 230, 240
virtue, 404–6
visibility, 335–36, 341
wealth, 42, 134–35, 321–22, 653, 674, 697
weapons, 484–85
widows, 71
writing (see also literacy)
materials, 229–31
tablets (documents), 159–60