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date: 13 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The basis of this article is the scientific discourse which raged the existing world of science. This article analyses the position of science from the transatlantic context. Knowledge of the natural world—what we would today call “science”—was thus essential to survival and prosperity in colonial America. The colonization of America between 1500 and 1800 therefore encouraged the growth of numerous branches of science: oceanography, geography, botany, mineralogy, zoology, climatology, and ethnology. This new fifteenth-century ability to travel greater distances caused new encounters both biological and human, which in turn spurred the growth of modern institutions and technologies. The earliest form of English scientific writing was in fact a combination of travel narrative, promotional tract, descriptive atlas, and natural history. The most influential of these included Thomas Hariot's Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia (1588) and Captain John Smith's Generall Historie of Virginia and others.

Keywords: scientific discourse, colonial America, transatlantic context, English scientific writing, travel narrative

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