Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 26 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The basis of this article is the scientific discourse which raged the existing world of science. This article analyses the position of science from the transatlantic context. Knowledge of the natural world—what we would today call “science”—was thus essential to survival and prosperity in colonial America. The colonization of America between 1500 and 1800 therefore encouraged the growth of numerous branches of science: oceanography, geography, botany, mineralogy, zoology, climatology, and ethnology. This new fifteenth-century ability to travel greater distances caused new encounters both biological and human, which in turn spurred the growth of modern institutions and technologies. The earliest form of English scientific writing was in fact a combination of travel narrative, promotional tract, descriptive atlas, and natural history. The most influential of these included Thomas Hariot's Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia (1588) and Captain John Smith's Generall Historie of Virginia and others.

Keywords: scientific discourse, colonial America, transatlantic context, English scientific writing, travel narrative

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.