- The Pyrrhonian Problematic
- The Problem of the Criterion
- Cartesian Skepticism: Arguments and Antecedents
- Hume's Skepticism
- Skepticism about the External World
- Skepticism about Induction
- Skepticism about A Priori Justification: Self‐Evidence, Defeasibility, and Cogito Propositions
- Moral Realism, Quasi Realism, and Skepticism
- Religious Skepticism
- Live Skeptical Hypotheses
- Berkeley's Treatment of Skepticism
- Kant's Response to Skepticism
- Reid's Response to the Skeptic
- Peirce and Skepticism
- Moore and Skepticism
- Austin's Way with Skepticism
- Wittgenstein on Certainty
- The Relativist Response to Radical Skepticism
- Ascriber Contextualism
- Sensitivity, Safety, and Antiluck Epistemology
- Closure and Alternative Possibilities
- Contemporary Responses to Agrippa's Trilemma
- Externalist Responses to Skepticism
- Internalist Responses to Skepticism
- Virtue‐Theoretic Responses to Skepticism
- Disjunctivism and Skepticism
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the epistemic externalist responses to skepticism. It focuses on two prominent theses about externalist responses to skepticism, one positive and one negative. The positive thesis holds that externalism alone avoids skepticism and the negative thesis identifies a defect of externalism that it implausibly avoids skepticism. It discusses the four objections to externalism's handling of skepticism and suggests that externalists can respond to these objections by arguing that the objections apply just as strongly to the only live option for nonexternalists which is serious moderate nonexternalism.
Michael Bergmann is professor of philosophy at Purdue University.
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