- Introduction: Religion and Ecology—What Is the Connection and Why Does It Matter?
- The Earth as Sacrament: Insights from Orthodox Christian Theology and Spirituality
- The World of Nature according to the Protestant Tradition
- Jainism and Ecology: Transformation of Tradition
- Hindu Religion and Environmental Well-being
- The Greening of Buddhism: Promise and Perils
- Daoism and Nature
- Motifs for a New Confucian Ecological Vision
- Religion and Ecology in African Culture and Society
- Indigenous Traditions: Religion and Ecology
- Population, Religion, and Ecology
- Genetic Engineering and Nature: Human and Otherwise
- So Near and Yet So Far: Animal Theology and Ecological Theology
- Religious Ecofeminism: Healing the Ecological Crisis
- Science and Religion in the Face of the Environmental Crisis
- Religion and Ecology: Survey of the Field
- The Spiritual Dimension of Nature Writing
- Religion, Environmentalism, and the Meaning of Ecology
- Religious Environmentalism in Action
- Religion and Environmental Struggles in Latin America
- African Initiated Churches as Vehicles of Earth-Care in Africa
- The Scientist and the Shepherd: The Emergence of Evangelical Environmentalism
- Religion and Environmentalism in America and Beyond
Abstract and Keywords
In recent decades, the rise of religious environmental ethics and ecological theology has engendered a number of positive and fruitful connections between the study of religion and other disciplines. Probably no tradition has worked harder than the Christian tradition in the quest to locate—or create—positive environmental teachings. In part, the Christian response was generated in the aftermath of Lynn White's now famous critique of the tradition (or, more broadly, the Judeo-Christian tradition) decades ago. White conferred to Christianity the dubious distinction of being the world's most anthropocentric religion, arguing that “it is God's will that man exploit nature for his proper ends.” Within ecotheological circles, there is also a general sense—often promoted by Christian ecotheology as much as by its critics—that the Eastern religions have always been more or less on the right environmental track. This article deals with religion, environmentalism, and the meaning of ecology. It also describes the ecological model and the mechanical model of ecotheology.
Lisa H. Sideris teaches religious ethics and environmental ethics in the department of religious studies at Indiana University in Bloomington. She has particular interests in the intersection of science, religion, and the environment and in Darwinism generally and has published Environmental Ethics, Ecological Theology, and Natural Selection on this subject. She is currently coediting a volume of interdisciplinary essays on the life and work of Rachel Carson.
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