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date: 22 September 2019

(p. 507) Index

(p. 507) Index

Abauzit, Frank, 445
Abdul Quadir Jilani, 253
abeg, 53, 55
Abhidhamma, 20–24, 30–31
Abhinavagupta, 203
Aboriginal totemism, 270, 271
Abot de Rabbi Natan, 99, 101
absolute dependence, 391, 406, 459, 463, 466, 467, 492
Abulafia, Abraham, 299
Abu‐Lughod, Lila, 45, 477, 478
action, 491, 492, 495–96
activation techniques, 495
adab, 39, 40
Adam (biblical figure), 165, 173, 355, 356, 357, 360
al‐̓Adawiyyah, Rabi̓a, 41, 302, 320
Advaita Vedanta, 52
aesthetics
of hope, 284–87
in Islam, 43–45
in Sanskrit literary tradition, 55
affect
in Abhidhamma, 21
analysis of, 131–32
and confirmation of religious belief, 132–33
and disaffiliation, 134–35
in global systems, 46–47
in Islam, 35, 46–47
lack of, 4
in new religious movements, 127–35
patterns in Japan, 88
performance of, 131
and postaffiliation, 135
and religious practice, 130–32
Tomkins's theory of, 120
affections, 18, 404–9, 412, 501
affective bonding, 129–30
affective coercion, 128–29
affective enticement, 127–28
affective expression, 44
affective mysticism, 372–73
affective resonance, 28
affectivity, 380
Africa, 262
African Americans, 484–85
agape, 317–18, 327, 366
Ahmed Rifa̓i, 252–53
ai jen, 327
aisthesis, 369
Akiba, Rabbi, 315
Alankara, 55–56, 57
Albert the Great, 370, 371
Alcher of Clairvaux, 370
Allport, Gordon W., 340
Almond, Philip, 471n.16
altered states of consciousness, 242
alternative self, 59–60
Ānanda, 29–30
ananda, 61, 62
Anatomy of Melancholy, The (Burton), 295
Anderson, Gary A., 99–100
Angela of Foligno, 374
anger, 22, 25, 65, 341, 475, 496
animal research, 494–95
anomie, 278
Anselm of Canterbury, 374
Antal, 65
Anthony, Saint, 374
anthropology, 33n.33, 112, 475, 497–98
anubhava, 53, 55, 70n.16
anxiety, 389–90, 402n.38
apatheia, 4, 353–54, 360, 362n.7, 365
Apollo (god), 113–14, 201
apophaticism, 298, 373
apperception, 420
appreciation, 496
Aquinas, Thomas, 4, 115, 116, 117, 247
architecture, 228–29, 231
Argo (ship), 202
Aristotle, 102, 114, 116, 117, 214, 380
eudaimonia, 500
on hatred, 341
on music, 204, 205
theory of emotion, 3, 4, 98
on virtue, 499
Arnold, Patrick, 193
artifacts, 224–25
Arunta, 447, 448
Asad, Talal, 149, 152
āsavas, 134
asceticism, 102, 170, 292–93, 297, 373, 452
asobi, 85–86
attachment theory, 479
(p. 508) Attic Nights (Gellius), 352
attitude, 478
Augustine of Hippo, Saint, 115, 116, 349–63, 469, 492
on body, 350, 362n.10
City of God, 349, 351–54, 356, 357, 408
Confessions, 206, 349, 351, 358, 361, 367
on creation narrative, 356–57, 360
on emotions, 4, 350
on God, 317, 349, 351, 356, 359
on love, 351, 408
on music, 206, 207
three degrees of disaffection, 358–59
Averill, James, 100, 475–76
Avvakum, 335
aware, 86
awareness, 216
awfulness, 468
Bach, Johann Sebastian, 208, 212
Bainbridge, William Sims, 129
Bandyopadhyaya, Jayanarayana, 68
banka, 78
Barbalet, Jack, 419, 425–27, 431
baroque music, 208–9
Bartholomew's Day Massacre, 334
Bartlet, Phebe, 411
Baruck, Rebbe, 300
Bashō, Matsuo, 84
al Basri, Hasan, 301
Basvanna, 67
Bataille, Georges, 168, 170
Bauman, Zygmunt, 155
Baxter, Richard, 293
Beatrijs of Nazareth, 374
Bedouins, 45, 477
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 209
Begbie, Jeremy, 217
behavioral research, 495–96
Bellah, Robert, 7
Benedict, Ruth, 475
Bengali language, 53, 54
Bengali Vaishnavism, 53, 57–60, 63, 64, 170
bereavement. See grief
Bereavement and Consolation: Testimonies from Tokugawa Japan (Bolitho), 74
Berger, Peter, 475, 480
Berkeley, George, 117
Bernard of Clairvaux, 318, 322, 328, 366, 370, 372–74
Besht (Rabbi Ba̓al Shem Tov), 300
Bhagavad Gita, 322, 340
Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, 131, 134
bhakta, 58, 323, 324, 328
bhakti Hinduism, 53, 63, 67, 191, 249, 250, 314, 323–25
bhakti rasa, 58
Bhakti‐rasamritasindhu, 58
bhakti yoga, 58, 322
Bharata, 56
bhava, 53–54, 55, 56–57, 67, 250
Bhavaprakashana (Saradatanaya), 56
Bhupala, Singa, 56
Bible, 96, 100, 112, 188, 203, 226, 317, 373
Biblical Myth and Rabbinic Mythmaking (Fishbane), 98
Birth of Tragedy, The (Nietzsche), 114
bisexuality, 166, 173
al‐Bistami, Abu Yazid, 41, 302
Blackwell, Albert, 217
bliss. See ananda
Bloch, Ernst, 278
Bloch, Maurice, 262, 263, 267
Bly, Robert, 192
bodhisattva, 84–85, 86, 326
body
Augustine on, 350, 362n.10
Bloch on, 264
Damasio on, 215–16
Durkheim on, 263
in emotional religion, 119
and emotions, 491
James on, 422–23
and joy, 23
Mauss on, 157
and ritual, 157, 424
and soul, 362n.10, 406
in study of religion and emotion, 9
Boegner, Marc, 446, 454n.25
Boethius, Anicius, 207
Bolitho, Harold, 74
Bonaventure, 370, 371
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 207
Book of Margery Kempe, 364
Borowitz, Eugene, 105
Bosnia, 335, 336, 341
Boston (Mass.), 499
Boudon, Raymond, 447
Bourdieu, Pierre, 74, 154
Boyarin, Daniel, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 105, 191
Boyer, Pascal, 153–54, 264–65, 270
Brahman, 314
Brainerd, David, 414–15
brainwashing, 126, 128, 129
Bright, Timothie, 295
Brill, Alan, 104
Bringing Ritual to Mind (McCauley and Lawson), 155
Bromley, David G., 126, 137n.9
Brothers, Leslie, 120
Brown, Norman, 164
Browne, Sir Thomas, 208
Buber, Martin, 96, 191
Budd, Malcolm, 215
Buddhism, 17–34
Abhidhamma, 20–24, 30–31
cultivation of affective life, 24–26
grief in literature of, 26–29
in Japan, 78, 82, 84, 86, 87, 90
love in, 314, 325–26
male emotion in, 191–92
meditation in, 24–25, 31, 143–44, 157, 230, 249, 495, 498
orgasm in, 186
prayer beads of, 233
relics of, 228, 230–31
religious hatred of, 335
reponses to death, 78
sensibilities of friendship in, 29–30
in Sri Lanka, 497–98, 500
sublimation in, 171
in Thai monastery, 143–44, 157
Bunyan, John, 293
Burke, Peter, 154–55
Burton, Robert, 295
Businessmen's Revival (1858), 499, 501
Business of the Heart (Corrigan), 499
Caitanya Mahaprabhu of Navadvipa, 58, 70n.19, 250, 251
Call Me Crazy (Heche), 174
Calvin, Jean, 294
Calvin, John, 206
Camus, Albert, 281, 282, 285, 286
Cartesian model, 183
Cassian, John, 293, 298
Cathars, 335
cathedrals, 118
Catherine of Siena, 299, 374
Catholic Church
choral singing in, 207
conflict with Cathars, 335
Day of the Dead ritual, 131
distancing by Protestant reformers, 119
doctrine of dyadic soul, 117
mystical union in, 299
in Northern Ireland, 339
Roman Ritual, 114
women in, 157, 184
celibacy, 168, 170, 173
Chandidasa, 63
character formation, 102–3, 105
charismatics, 130
charity, 408
Charity and Its Fruits (Edwards), 408
Chauncy, Charles, 407
Chiang Mai (Thailand), 143–44
child abuse, 136
Childre, Doc, 496
Children of God (The Family), 128, 134
Childs, Margaret, 86
China, 203, 230, 335
Christ. See Jesus
Christian Faith, The (Schleiermacher), 457, 459, 461, 462
Christian History, The (Prince), 296
Christianity
as ascetic, 102
celibacy in, 173
emotion in, 5–6, 111–24
female saints, 187
historical underpinnings of, 112–19
love in, 314, 317–20
male religious emotion in, 192–93
persecution of, 334
relics of, 228
rites of passage in, 184
and science, 120–22
sin of despair in, 500
women in, 183–84
Christmas, 148
Chrysippus, 350
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‐day Saints, 127, 129–30, 132–33, 137n.9, 229, 335, 338
Church of Scientology, 128, 131, 134
Cicero, 350, 353–55
citta‐vrittis, 60, 61
City of God (Augustine), 349, 351–54, 356, 357
classification, 21
clothing, 229, 230
Cloud of Unknowing, The, 373
coalitions, 264–65
cognition, 4, 18
and culture, 156, 157
and emotion, 3, 32n.4, 55, 113, 120, 121, 123n.21, 214, 215, 476
James on, 5, 425–27
and ritual, 153–57
cognitive science, 122n.6
Cohen, Hermann, 191
Cohen, Jonathan, 105
Cole, Jennifer, 342
collective effervescence, 270, 278, 446, 447, 449–51, 455n.46
collective memory, 342
collective representation, 146, 445
colonialism, 335
Commentary on the Dream of Scipio (Macrobius), 205
compassion, 19, 25, 26, 84–85, 311, 325–26
Concept of Anxiety, The (Kierkegaard), 389, 400n.8
concern, 392–93
Concluding Unscientific Postscript (Kierkegaard), 391
confabulatio, 367, 371
Conferences, The (Cassian), 293
(p. 510) Confessions (Augustine), 206, 349, 351, 358, 361, 367
conflict, 262
Confucianism, 6, 311, 312, 326
Confucius, 203
consciousness
altered states of, 242
effect of emotions on, 55, 69n.9, 491
feeling in, 20
of Infinite, 458–59
James on, 424–25, 427, 431
Kierkegaard on, 382, 387, 393
in raja yoga, 60–61
Schleiermacher's three grades of, 461–62
of self, 459
and sexuality, 170
triad, 123n.18
unity of, 458, 459
construals, 401n.19
constructionism, 474–89
contemplation, 367, 369, 370, 371
conversion, 129–30, 132, 137n.9, 170, 409, 411, 412
Cooke, Deryck, 211
Corbin, Henry, 302
Cordovero, Moses, 316
Corrigan, John, 95, 106, 150, 291, 499, 501
Council of Trent, 207
courtly love, 319
Crapanzano, V., 243
craving for existence, 22
crime, 265, 358–59
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 458, 459
Crump, Eric, 95
Crusades, 334
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihalyi, 233
cultural psychology, 163, 164
cultural relativism, 163
cultural research, 497–99
culture(s)
and cognition, 156, 157
as constructed reality, 475
differences in, 6
place of emotion in, 8, 476, 491, 497
and ritual, 153–57
Rosaldo on, 476–77
suffering in, 482, 483–84
Dalai Lama, 325, 337
Daly, Mary, 194
Damasio, Antonio, 121, 215–16, 494
Dan, Joseph, 103, 104
Darwin, Charles, 5, 420
dasya bhava, 65
Davenport, James, 407
David of Augsburg, 368, 369, 370
Dawson, Lorne, 125
death, 28, 78–82
Deeley, Peter, 150, 156, 157
deficit studies, 494–95
de Klerk, F.W., 480
Delacroix, Henri, 455n.46
de Leon, Moshe, 299
delirium, 444–45
Delumeau, Jean, 9
delusion, 22
dependence, 391, 406, 459, 463, 466, 467, 492
depression, 498, 500
Descartes, René, 4–5, 115, 116, 117
Desert Fathers, 293, 298
desire, 5, 167–68, 194, 278, 365
despair, 384, 411, 498, 500
Desroche, Henri, 278
determination, 381
de Vidas, Elijah Moses, 103
Dewey, John, 214
dharmic Hinduism, 52–53
dhikr, 46, 47, 302–3
Diamond, Eliezer, 100, 102
Dionysius the Pseudo‐Areopagite, 370, 373
Dionysus (god), 113–14, 201
disaffection, 358–59
Discalced Carmelites, 298
discourse, 475, 477, 478
disobedience, 356–57
Distinguishing Marks (Edwards), 414
Division of Labor, The (Durkheim), 278–79, 282
Dixon, Thomas, 96, 98
Donne, John, 294
drama, 285
Dreyfus Affair, 447
drive models, 170
dualism, 115, 116, 117
Durkheim, Emile, 7, 438–56, 475
boundaries between psychology and sociology, 440–41
collective representations, 146, 445
on delirium, 444–45
Division of Labor, 278–79
dramatic representations, 284–85
and dynamogenetic force of religion, 442–43
Elemental Forms, 278, 280, 282, 284, 286, 440–41, 444, 446
and emotion in religion, 441–42
insights into rites of terror, 261
notion of effervescence, 150, 270, 278, 446–51, 455n.42, 455n.46
sacred/profane dichotomy, 263
Dvaita Vedanta, 52
dvesha‐bhakti, 257n.23
dyadic soul, 117
dynamogenetic force, 442–43
(p. 511) Ebersole, Gary, 152
Ebner, Christine, 374
Ebner, Marguerite, 374
Ecstasy (drug), 245–46
ecstasy (emotional state), 241–58
ecstatic utterance, 41
Edwards, Jonathan, 404–17
affections, 404–9, 412
Distinguishing Marks, 414
on enthusiasm, 413–15
Faithful Narrative, 296, 410, 411, 414
Freedom of the Will, 406, 407
on God, 412
legacy concerning religion and emotion, 415–16
Life of David Brainerd, 414
Northampton revival, 296–97, 410–11
“Pesonal Narrative,” 408, 411
Religious Affections, 405–8, 412, 413, 416
on religious revival, 410–13
Treatise Concerning Religious Affections, 501, 502
treatment of “new sense,” 408–10
effervescence, 150, 270, 278, 446–51, 455n.42
egoism, 278
Eguchi (Zeami), 85, 86
Eightfold Path, 18
Eilberg‐Schwartz, Howard, 191
Ekman, Paul, 5
election, 294, 351
electroencephalograph (EEG), 495
Elemental Forms, The (Durkheim), 278, 280, 282, 284, 286, 440–41, 444, 446
Eliade, Mircea, 61, 245, 257n.22
Elimeloch, Rebbe, 300
Eliot, T.S., 479
Elisabeth of Schönau, 374
embarrassment, 74–75
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 409
Emile Durkheim (Luke), 446
emotional intelligence, 193
“Emotional Life of Our Lord, The” (Warfield), 501
emotional suffering, 482–84
emotion(s)
Augustine on, 4, 350
in Bengali Vaishnavism, 57–60
in Buddhism, 17–34
in Christianity, 5–6, 111–24
and cognition, 3, 32n.4, 55, 113, 120, 121, 123n.21, 214, 215, 476
definitions of, 8, 18, 32n.4, 406, 438
discourses of, 150–51
Durkheim on, 438–55
as existential disclosures, 386–88
in Hinduism, 51–72
in Islam, 35–50
James's theory of, 5, 419–33
in Japanese religions, 73–94
in Judaism, 95–110
in Kierkegaard, 380–91
linguistic expression of, 8
in Medieval mysticism, 364–79
and music, 211–17
as natural objects, 399n.1
in new religious movements, 125–40
and objects, 223–34
passion of Christ and history of, 373–74
place in culture, 8, 476, 491, 497
in raja yoga, 60–62
religious, 492–94
research, 490–506
ritualized, 143–61
social aspects of, 29
and spiritual sensation, 369–72
and study of religion, 3–10
vis à vis moods, 399–400nn.89
women and, 181–99
See also specific emotional states
emotives, 481–83
Empedocles, 3
English Civil War, 413
engrams, 131
Enlightenment, 409
enthusiasm, 413–15
Epictetus, 352, 353
episodic memories, 268
equanimity, 25, 26
eros, 317–18, 366
eroticism, 168–70
ethics
Hume on, 5
Judaic, 96, 97, 105
of music, 204–5, 208
Solomon on, 31
virtue, 97, 102, 105
Etkes, Immanuel, 104
eudaimonia, 500
Euripides, 113
Eurydice (mythological figure), 201
evangelicalism, 416
evangelical pietism, 294, 296
Eve (biblical figure), 165, 173, 183–84, 196n.22, 355, 357, 360
evil, 462–63
existentialism, 380
expectancy, 393–94
experience
in Abhidhamma, 20, 21–22
Buddhist shaping of, 19
Durkheim on, 439
Kant on, 459
and mystical emotion, 431
Expression of Emotions, The (Darwin), 420
eyes, of icons, 227
(p. 512) facial expression, 31n.2
faith, 394
Faithful Narrative, A (Edwards), 296, 410, 411, 414
fear, 9, 65, 259, 353, 355, 410, 412
fearful reverence, 75
feeling(s)
definition of, 20
in Islam, 37, 43–45
James on, 428–31
love as, 122
and rationality, 426
in religion, 457–58, 461–67
See also emotion(s)
feminism. See women
Fichte, J.G., 382
Finney, Charles G., 297
First Nations rituals, 153
Fishbane, Michael, 97–98, 99, 100, 102, 104
flagellation, 119, 374
flashbulb memories, 268
Flowing Light of the Godhead (Mechthild of Magdeburg), 367
Fonrobert, Charlotte Elisheva, 187
food, 9, 128
force, 444
forgiveness, 103
Forgy, Howell, 283
Foucault, Michel, 168, 281
Four Noble Truths, 17
Francis, Saint, 371, 374
Franciscans, 371, 374
Frank, Daniel, 102
Franzmann, Majella, 185
Free Believers, 443
Freedberg, Daniel, 227
freedom, 390, 485
Freedom of the Will (Edwards), 406, 407
Freeman, Susan, 105
free reflection, 399n.7
French Revolution, 447, 481, 483
Freud, Sigmund, 7, 169, 170, 191, 495
Friedman, Maurice, 316
friendship, 29–30
Fries, Jakob Friedrich, 466
Frijda, Nico, 5
From Passions to Emotions (Dixon), 96
Fujiwara no Shunzei, 84, 87
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 495
funeral laments, 78–82
Gale, Richard, 421
Galen, 291
Gallus, Thomas, 372–73
gangs, 265
Gaudiya Vaishnavism. See Bengali Vaishnavism
Geertz, Clifford, 7, 75, 150, 290, 292, 477, 478, 480
Gellius, Aulus, 352, 353
Genesis According to the Letter (Augustine), 356
genitals, 163
German idealism, 382, 383
German Jews, 105
Gertrude the Great, 374
Gesualdo, Carlo, 208
al–Ghazzali, Abu Hamid, 43, 44
Gibbon, Edward, 334
Girard, René, 338–39
Gluckman, Max, 262, 269
Gnosticism, 112
God
Augustine on, 349, 351, 356, 359
Edwards on, 412
God‐consciousness of Schleiermacher, 459, 461–66, 470
of Hindus, 322–23
of Islam, 37, 320–22
of Judaism, 191, 314–16
love of, 4, 313–20
and Medieval mysticism, 364–69, 372–74
and religious emotions, 492–93
and soul, 319, 364, 367–69
wrath of, 468
goddess feminism, 194–95
Goldstein, Niles, 103, 104
Goodman, George, 293
Goodman, Lenn, 102
Go‐Shirakawa, 87
Gosvamin, Rupa, 58
Govinda‐dasa, 64
gratitude, 89, 493, 496
Graver, Margaret, 361n.2
Great Awakening, 296, 407, 410, 414
Great Britain, 192, 413
Greece, ancient, 112–14, 203–4, 205
greed, 22
Green, Arthur, 104
Greenfield, Susan, 121
Greenham, Richard, 294
Gregory of Nyssa, 4, 365, 366, 369, 372
Gregory the Great, 366
grief
Anderson on, 99
in Buddhist literature, 26–29, 30
Cicero on, 355
in Japan, 74
of women, 188–89
Gruber, Meyer, 100
Guide of the Perplexed, The (Maimonides), 299
guilt, 100
(p. 513) Gujarat (India), 252, 253
Guyon, Madame, 298
Habad movement, 301
Hadewijch of Antwerp, 373, 374
hadith, 38, 44, 320
Hadot, Pierre, 101
Hajj, 38, 46
hal, 254
halakhot, 105
Halflants, M. Corneille, 318
Hall, Timothy D., 296
al‐Hallaj, 41, 320
Hallisey, Charles, 28
Hamlet, 384, 399n.7
Handel, Georg Friedrich, 207, 208
Hansen, Anne, 28
Hanslick, Eduard, 211
happiness, 22–23, 98, 352–53
Happiness in Premodern Judaism (Tirosh‐Samuelson), 98
Hardacre, Helen, 88–89
Hardman, Charlotte, 9–10
Hartman, David, 105
Harvey, Warren Zev, 102
Hasan of Basra, 40–41
Hasidim, 96–97, 100, 104, 190, 191, 299, 300, 315–16
hatred, 22, 257n.23, 333–45
Hawley, Joseph, 411
heart, 8, 54, 406, 407, 496
Heche, Anne, 173, 174–75
Hegel, Georg, 209, 391
Heike monogatari, 90
Helm, Paul, 409
heresy, 115, 116
Herp, Hendrik, 373
Heschel, Abraham Joshua, 100, 105, 191
Heyward, Carter, 194
Hinduism, 51–72
Caitanya tradition, 250–52
deities of, 53
emotion in, 53–62
folk tradition, 51–52
literary tradition, 63–69
love in, 314, 322–25
Muslim conflict, 335, 341
ritual in weddings, 151
Sufi Rifa̓i brotherhood, 252–54
tantric tradition, 53
types of, 51–53
Hippocrates, 3
historical research, 497–99
historical tradition, 491
Holy Seer of Lublin. See Horowitz, Yaakov Yitzhak
Holy Sonnets (Donne), 294
homo sapiens, 112
homosexuality, 173, 185, 251, 321
hope, 276–89
Hopkins, Jeffrey, 171, 185, 186
Horowitz, Yaakov Yitzhak (Holy Seer of Lublin), 300
hostages, 264, 265
household goods, 233
hridaya, 54
Hubbard, L. Ron, 131, 134
Hugh of Balma, 373
Hugh of Saint Victor, 369, 370, 372–73
al‐Hujwiri, 41
Hume, David, 5, 115, 117, 195n.4
Humphrey, Caroline, 266
Husayn, Imam, 46
Husserl, Edmund, 115, 117
hylomorphism, 116, 117
hysteria, 242
Ibn Adhan, Ibrahim, 301
Ibn al‐̓Arabi, 302
Ibn al‐Farid, ‘Umar, 45
Ibn Taimiyyah, 40
icons, 227, 230
idealism, 382, 383
ideal type, 291, 292–93
Idea of the Holy, The (Otto), 226, 459, 466, 467, 469
Idel, Moshe, 103, 104
identity, 183, 280, 337–38, 339
ideology, 475
Ifaluk (Micronesia), 477–78
ignorance, 22
Ilongot, 476, 477, 481, 483, 497
images, 226–27, 232, 233, 263
imagination, 414
imayō, 87
impulse, 101
inclination, 406–7
indetermination, 381, 384, 399n.7
India, 53, 69n.4, 209, 252, 324, 335, 341
Indonesia, 46, 47
Infinite, 458–59
information theory, 214
Ingall, Carol, 105
initiation rites, 264, 265
Innocent III (pope), 334
instinct, 422–23
Institute of HeartMath and Quantum Intech, 496
institutions, 263, 281
International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), 128, 131, 134
intuition, 116, 458, 460, 470n.4
(p. 514) Islam, 35–50
aesthetics in, 43–45
affect and performance in global systems, 46–47
cultivation and expression of sentiment in, 39–43
good and beautiful in, 43
Hindu conflict, 335, 341
love in, 313–14, 320–22
music of, 203–4
Muslims in Bosnian conflict, 335, 336, 341
Qur̓an, 35–40, 44, 47
weeping during prayer, 152
women in, 183, 185, 229
Islam, Kazi Nazrul, 67
Isma̓ili Shi̓a, 43
Jackson, Stanley, 293
Jagannatha (god), 251, 252
Jakuren, 83
James, William, 7, 405
on “coarser” or “standard” emotions, 422–23
on mystical emotions, 430–32
objects in work of, 225
scheme of reflex circuit of emotion, 424–25
social theory of “metaphysical” emotions, 427–28
on “subtler” or “complex” emotions, 425–27
theory of emotion, 5, 419–33
Varieties of Religious Experience, 5, 225, 419, 421–22, 424, 426–33, 445
work on religious emotion, 419, 420, 421, 427–30, 432–33
Japanese religions, 73–94
ancient, 75–82
emotion in new, 88–89
medieval, 82–88, 90
jealousy, 76, 87
Jean of Fécamp, 374
Jehovah's Witnesses, 127
Jesuits, 118
Jesus
in Book of Margery Kempe, 364, 369
call to love, 313
expression of emotion, 192
on hatred, 340
as inherently holy, 460
in Lutheranism, 461
paintings of, 233
redemption of, 463
suffering of, 111, 373–74, 411, 412
Jews. See Judaism
al‐Jilani, 41
Jnana‐dasa, 63
John of the Cross, Saint, 298, 311, 319
Jospe, Raphael, 102
joy, 23, 99, 104, 396–98, 410
“Joy and Jewish Spirituality” (Fishbane), 97–98
Juan de Avila, 227
Judaism
emotions in, 95–110
Hasidim, 96–97, 100, 104, 190, 191, 299, 300, 315–16
love in, 313, 314–17
men in, 191
music of, 203–4
mysticism, 299–300, 301
religious hatred of, 333, 334
women in, 183–84, 186, 187, 188, 196n.20
judgment, 214, 385, 401n.19
Juergensmeyer, Mark, 337, 339
Julian of Norwich, 372
al‐Junayd, 41
kabbalism, 299, 313, 315, 316
kabuki theater, 86
Kafka, Franz, 285–86
Kakar, Sudhir, 335, 339, 341
al‐Kalabadhi, 41
Kalika, 68
kama, 55, 63, 170
kanashiki, 77
kanashimo, 77
Kant, Immanuel, 115, 117, 439, 458–60, 470n.4, 470n.6, 471n.16
Kapferer, Bruce, 33n.33
Kaplan, Lawrence, 102
Kapoor, O.B.L., 58
kari no yado, 85
katami, 77, 78
Kaufman, Peter Iver, 294
Kempe, Margery, 187, 364, 372
Kenkō, 82
Keyes, Alan, 485
Khmer Rouge, 28
Kierkegaard, Søren, 380–403
articulation of religion, 391–98, 401n.26
Concept of Anxiety, 389, 400n.8
emotions in, 380–91, 500
Opbyggelige Taler, 391, 392, 393, 401n.26
“Possibility,” 386–87
self in context, 382–85
Sickness Unto Death, 383, 384
views on anxiety, 389–90
views on boredom, 388–89, 400n.16
views on concern, 392–93
views on expectancy, 393–94
views on joy, 396–98
views on patience, 394–96
King, Martin Luther, 485
Ki no Tsurayuki, 76
Kisāgotamī, 27–28, 29
Kivy, Peter, 212, 214
kleshas, 60–61
(p. 515) Kloos, John, 95
knowledge, 183, 356, 358, 366, 391, 394, 470n.4
Kojiki texts, 75–76, 86
kokoro, 89
Konjaku monogatari‐shū, 84, 87
Korea, 6
Kravitz, Leonard S., 103
Kress, Jeffrey S., 105
Krishna (god), 58–60, 63–64, 70n.16, 70n.18, 170, 250, 251, 314, 323, 324
Kroner, Richard, 382
Kruger, Paul, 100
Kuhn, Thomas, 123n.21
kundalini yoga, 69n.5
LaFleur, William, 90, 327
Laidlaw, James, 266
Lamberth, David, 428, 429
laments, 78–82, 188
Lamm, Julia, 470n.6
Lamm, Norman, 104
Lange, Karl Georg, 5, 420
Langer, Susanne, 211, 212
language
of Buddhism, 18, 23–24
metaphor, 23–24
of mystics, 243
of poetry, 45
of prayer, 8
in Qur̓an, 37
Sufi, 42–43
Lapie, Paul, 454n.26
latent tendencies, 22
Lawson, E. Thomas, 155–56
Layla and Majnun (Nizami), 45
Le Bon, Gustave, 446
LeDoux, Joseph, 494
Lee, Mother Ann, 173–75
Levinas, Emmanuel, 117, 191
Levi‐Yithak, Rebbe, 300
Lévy‐Bruhl, Lucien, 441
Lewis, C.S., 318
Lewis, Ioan M., 188, 243
li, 311
libido, 170
Life of David Brainerd, The (Edwards), 414
liget, 476, 497
Lincoln, Abraham, 485
Lindfield, Olive, 129
Lipner, Julius, 317
Lloyd, Genevieve, 183
Locke, John, 117, 409
Lofland, John, 129
Lohorung Rai, 9, 10
loneliness, 83–84
Lonergan, Bernard, 313
Lorde, Audre, 194
L̓Orfeo (Monteverdi), 201
loss, 28
love, 310–32
as attribute of transcendent, 313–14
Augustine on, 351, 408
to conquer grief, 30
Edwards on, 408
as feeling, 122
in Hindu lore, 58–60, 250–52
in Hindu poetry, 63–66
and Medieval mysticism, 366, 367, 372, 373
Muffs on, 99
nature of, 311–13
parental, 26
as response to transcendent, 314–27
romantic, 311–12, 321, 476
salvation of, 112
Solomon on, 311–12
in Sufi Rifa̓i brotherhood, 253, 255
as transformation of self, 327–28
varieties of, 25
vis à vis hatred, 257n.23, 340
loving‐kindness, 25, 26
luck, 283–84, 286
Luckmann, Thomas, 475
Ludolf of Saxony, 374
Luke, Steven, 446
Luria, Isaac ben Solomon, 316
lust, 278
Luther, Martin, 206, 294, 301
Lutheranism, 461
Lutz, Catherine, 477–78
Lyon, Margot, 156, 479
Madagascar, 342
Madell, Geoffrey, 215
Maffesoli, Michel, 281, 282
mahabhava, 64
Mahadeviyakka, 65–66
Mahayana Buddhism, 82, 311, 325–26
Mahler, Gustav, 215
Mahmood, Saba, 152, 153
Maimonides, Moses, 102, 103, 191, 299, 315
mana, 54
Mandel, Scott, 105
Mandela, Nelson, 480
Manichaeism, 115
Manikkavacakar, 66, 67
Mannheim, Karl, 475, 479
Man of Light in Iranian Sufism, The (Corbin), 302
Man of Reason, The (Lloyd), 183
mantras, 249, 251
Man̓yōshū, 76, 77, 78, 87
Mao Zedong, 231
Marcel, Gabriel, 276–80, 286
martyrdom, 373–74, 452
masculine religious emotion, 181, 190–93
Mason, Steven S., 103
Material Christianity (McDannel), 233
(p. 516) material culture, 223–37
emotions attributed to objects, 231–32
everyday objects and ordinary feelings, 232–33
manipulation of emotions through, 229–31
objects as triggers for emotions, 226–29
and study of religion, 224–26
mathematics, 204, 208
Mathnawi (Rumi), 322
Matson, Gladys, 130
Mauss, Marcel, 149, 157, 440, 447
McCarty, Rollin, 496
McCauley, Robert N., 5, 155–56
McDaniel, June, 324
McDannel, Colleen, 233
McGinn, Bernard, 373
Mead, Margaret, 475
Mechthild of Hackeborn, 374
Mechthild of Magdeburg, 367, 373, 374
Medieval mysticism, 364–79
meditation
Buddhist, 24–25, 31, 143–44, 157, 230, 249, 495, 498
kundalini yoga, 69n.5
on revulsion, 498, 500
shikan, 87
silent ecstasy of, 247–49
Meier, Fritz, 302
melancholy, 290–309
memory, 147, 268, 366–69
Mendelssohn, Felix, 209
Meno (Plato), 395
men's crisis, 192
menstrual cycle, 185
metaphor, 21, 23–24, 31
Methodism, 297
Meyer, Leonard, 214
midot, 102, 105
Milgrom, Jacob, 100
Miller, Perry, 409
Mills, C. Wright, 479
mimetic rite, 284
mind
cultivation of, 24
Edwards on, 406, 407
James on, 424
theory of, 266–69
tripartite division of, 18–19, 31n.3
Mirabai, 191, 311, 324
Mirror of Simple Souls (Porete), 367
Missa Solemnis (Beethoven), 209
Mithen, Steven, 260
Mo̓ed Katan, 188
Mohammed (prophet). See Muhammad
monastic asceticism, 373
mono no aware, 77, 82, 84, 86
Monteverdi, Claudio, 201, 208
Moore, Barrington, 337
moral states
in Abhidhamma, 21
in cultures, 482
in Judaism, 97, 102
See also ethics
morbid effervescence, 455n.42
morphology of conversion, 411, 412
Moses (biblical figure), 37, 299
mosque movement, 152
Muffs, Yochanan, 99, 100
Muhammad (prophet), 35, 36, 38, 43, 45, 336, 480
al‐Muhasibi, 42
multiple personality disorder, 59, 71n.21
Murdoch, Iris, 23–24
Musar movement, 104
music, 118–19, 200–222
ancient, 203–4
Christian, 118–19, 203–4, 206–7
and emotion, 211–17
ethics of, 204–5, 208
expression and form, 207–10
metaphysics of, 205, 208
musical instruments, 206
Muslims. See Islam
Muster, Nori, 134
Myers, Frederick, 430
Myers, Gerald, 419, 427, 429
Myth of Sisyphus, The (Camus), 281, 285
mythology, 284–85
Nahman, R., 104
Nakayima, Michio, 440
nama‐sankirtana, 257n.24
Nammalvar, 323
Napier, Richard, 295
narrative, 280
Native Americans, 153, 336
Nature, 471n.15
Natyashastra (Bharata), 56, 70n.10, 203
Ndembu ritual, 482
Needham, Rodney, 440
negative theology, 372–73
Nelson, Benjamin, 290
Nelson, Timothy, 474
Nenets, 230
neoorthodox theology, 380
Neoplatonism, 205, 208
neo‐Stoicism, 385–86
Nepal, 6, 9
neurobiology, 215
neurology, 156, 494–95
Neusner, Jacob, 100–101
New Guinea, 264
New Lights, 407
new religious movements (NRMs)
affect and confirmation of religious belief, 132–33
affect and religious practice, 130–32
affective bonding in, 129–30
affective coercion in, 128–29
affective enticement in, 127–28
Bromley model, 126, 127, 134
definition of, 126
disaffiliation from, 134–35
emotional abuse in, 133–34
emotion and, 125–40
issues for future research, 136
postaffiliation, 135
recruitment and affiliation, 127
New Testament, 115, 317
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 114
nirvāna, 17
Noll, Mark, 416
nondualism, 82
nō plays, 85, 86, 87
Norbeck, Edward, 262, 269
Norman, Donald, 121
normative research, 499–502
Northampton (Mass.), 296, 410–11
Northern Ireland, 339
Nozick, Robert, 310, 312
nuga, 6
numinous, 182, 457, 459–60, 467–69
Nussbaum, Martha, 5, 32n.4, 183, 215, 385, 400nn.89
Nygren, Anders, 317–18, 327
Obama, Barack, 485
Obeyesekere, Gananath, 497–98
objectivity, 114
objects, 223–33, 439, 497
occasionalism, 154–55
Old Lights, 407
Olitzky, Kerry M., 103, 105
On Ends (Cicero), 353
On Free Choice (Augustine), 350
Ōno no Komachi, 87
On Religion (Schleiermacher), 457, 462
Opbyggelige Taler (Kierkegaard), 391, 392, 393, 401n.26
orgasm, 170, 171, 186
Origen (church father), 365, 369, 372
Original Sin (Edwards), 406
Orissa (India), 251
Orpheus (mythological figure), 201–2
Orthodox Church, 335
Other Worlds (Hardman), 9
Ōtomo Tabito, 78, 81
Otto, Rudolf, 7, 75, 471nn.1617
commonalities with Schleiermacher, 457–60, 469–70
Idea of the Holy, 226, 459, 466, 467, 469
mysterium tremendum et fascinans, 172–73
numinous, 182, 457, 459–60, 467–69
Philosophy of Religion Based on Kant and Fries, 466, 471n.15
overalertness, 242, 246
Oxford Movement, 296
Paganism, 133
pain, 5, 28
Paisley, Ian, 339
Pakistan, 335
paleontology, 112
Palmer, Phoebe, 297
Papua New Guinea, 148
parental love, 26
Parsons, Jonathan, 296
Parsons, Talcott, 446
passions, 4, 5, 18, 352, 354, 355, 365, 366, 369, 372, 406, 407
Patācārā, 26–27, 28, 29
Patanjali, 52, 60, 61, 248
paternity, 167
patience, 394–96
patriotism, 67
Péguy, Charles, 282, 286
Pentecostals, 131
Perkins, William, 294
Persian language, 45
Persinger, Michael, 495
“Personal Narrative” (Edwards), 408, 411
personal relationships, 491
perspective, 478
perturbatio, 354–55, 361n.2
Peter of Ailly, 370
Philippi, Donald, 75
Philippines, 476, 483
Philo, 99
Philosophy of Religion Based on Kant and Fries, The (Otto), 466, 471n.15
physiological research, 494–95
pietism, 294, 296, 380
pilgrims, 9
pineal gland, 5
Pinker, Steven, 166
Plague, The (Camus), 281, 285
Plater, Felix, 295
Plato, 3, 114–17, 204–6, 395, 406
pleasure, 5, 23
Plotinus, 3, 205
pluralism, 432–33
(p. 518) poetry
Bedouin, 45, 477
Hindu, 63–69
Islamic, 44–45
Japanese, 76–85, 87
Politics (Aristotle), 205
Porete, Marguerite, 319, 320, 367, 373
positron emission tomography (PET), 495
possession, 242–45, 297
“Possibility, A” (Kierkegaard), 386–87
postmodernism, 380
power, 444
Prabhupada, A.C. Bhaktivedanta, 134
prayer, 8, 131, 152, 208, 284, 366–69, 370, 371, 496
Prayers for Forgiveness (al Basri), 301
prema, 55, 63, 170
pride, 357–58
primitive societies, 441
Prince, Thomas, 296
Principles of Psychology, The (James), 420–21
property dualism, 116
prophets, 100
Protestantism, 117, 119, 184, 225, 226, 452, 499, 501
Psalms, 203, 206, 207
psychedelic states, 178n.30
psychic entropy, 233
psychoanalytic hermeneutics, 169
psychology
Buddhist, 19, 21, 22
constructionism in, 475–76
cultural, 163, 164
Jewish, 104
and physiology, 420
and sociology, 440–41
Psychology: A Briefer Course (James), 420
Psychology of the Emotions, The (Ribot), 422, 430
Puri (India), 251
Puritans, 226, 293, 295, 409, 411
Pythagoras, 204
Pyysiäinen, Ilkka, 5
Qur̓an, 35–40, 44, 47, 203, 303, 314, 320
qur̓an, as term, 44
al‐Qushayri, 41
Radden, Jennifer, 291
Radha (goddess), 58–59, 63–65, 70n.16, 70nn.1819, 170, 250, 251
Raëlian movement, 131
raga, 53, 54, 69n.6, 203, 209
raganuga bhakti sadhana, 58
rage, 194
Rahner, Karl, 369
raja yoga, 53, 60–62
Rameau, Jean‐Philippe, 208
rasa, 56–57, 58, 65, 70nn.1314, 203, 251
rasabhasa, 56
Rasarnavasudhakar (Bhupala), 56
rationalism, 191, 195n.4
rationality. See reason
reason, 171, 182–83, 191, 195n.4, 426
Rebel, The (Camus), 281
rebounding violence, 262, 264
Reddy, William M., 474, 481–85
redemption, 462, 463
reflex circuit of emotion, 424–25
reflexivity, 24
regicide, 262
relativism, 163, 480–81, 482, 483
relaxation, 496
relics, 228, 230–31
Religion and Emotion (Corrigan), 95, 106
religion(s)
ecstatic practices, 241–58
feeling in, 457–58, 461–67
Geertz's definition of, 290, 292
of head and heart, 111, 113
Japanese, 73–94
Kierkegaard on, 391–98, 401n.26
and material culture, 224–26
new religious movements, 125–40
revivals, 410–13, 415
ritual ordeals that inspire terror, 259–75
and sexuality, 162–63, 165, 170, 175
study of emotion and, 3–10
women's role in, 181–90, 193–95
See also specific religions
Religious Affections (Edwards), 405–8, 412, 413, 416
religious experience, 445–46, 460, 469, 470n.4, 471n.16, 490–506
religious hatred, 333–45
Renaissance, 208
representation, 284, 439, 445
Republic, The (Plato), 204–5
research, 490–506
behavioral, 495–96
emotions as objects of, 490–92
historical and cultural, 497–99
normative, 499–502
physiological, 494–95
Reshit Chochmah (de Vidas), 103
revelation, 461
revival narrative, 410
revivals, religious, 410–13, 415
Revivification of the Religious Sciences (al‐Ghazzali), 43, 44
Ribot, Théodule, 422, 430
Richard, Gaston, 446, 449
Ridley, Aaron, 215
Rifa̓i brotherhood, 252–54
Rig Veda, 52
Rinzai school, 131
(p. 519) rites of passage, 145, 184
rites of terror, 260–70
ritual(s), 143–61
African, 262
authenticity of emotion in, 151–53
cognition and culture in, 153–57
cognitive theory of, 147
construction of, 474–75
definitions of, 145–50
doctrinal, 147–48, 149, 156
First Nations, 153
food, 9
Hindu, 53
imagistic, 147–49, 155, 156
that inspire terror, 259–75
Islamic, 46
Japanese, 87
Ndembu, 482
symbols of, 146–47, 149
Robbins, Joel, 148
Roberts, Robert, 385, 386, 389, 400n.8, 401nn.1920
robots, 121
Rogers, Richard, 294
Roman Catholic Church. See Catholic Church
Roman empire, 334
Roman Ritual, 114
romanticism/Romanticism, 182, 195n.4, 209, 213
Rorty, Amélie Oksenberg, 399n.1
Rorty, Richard, 283
Rosaldo, Michelle, 146, 475, 476–77
“Rotation of Crops, The” (Kierkegaard), 388
Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 337
Rubenstein, Jeffrey, 100, 101–2
Rudolf of Biberach, 370, 371
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, 195n.4
Rumi (Jalal al‐Din Rumi), 45, 302, 311, 313, 321–22
Russia, 335
Ruusbroec, 372
Ryōzan, 83
Sabath, Rachel T., 105
sabi, 82
sacramental mimesis, 375n.13
Sacred in Music, The (Blackwell), 217
sacred/profane dichotomy, 263
sacrifice, 262, 338–39
sadness, 77
Safed, 103
Saigyō, 83, 86
St. Trudperter Hohelied, 367, 370
Salanter, R. Israel, 104
salvation, 294, 295, 297, 303
sama̓, 44
samadhi, 257n.22
Samuelson, Norbert, 102
Sanchez, Andres, 132
Sankashū, 83
Sanskrit language, 53, 54
Sāntideva, 25
Saradatanaya, 56
Satan, 38, 295, 298, 406, 411
sattvika bhavas, 70n.20
saya, 9
scapegoating, 338–39
Schatz‐Uffenheimer, Rivka, 104
Scheler, Max, 117, 475
Schichinin no bikuni, 86
Schimmel, Annemarie, 321
Schimmel, Solomon, 103
Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 7, 394, 409, 471n.16
on absolute dependence, 391, 406, 459, 463, 466, 467, 492
Christian Faith, 457, 459, 461, 462
commonalities with Otto, 457–60, 469–70
on devotional aids, 225
On Religion, 457, 462
religious feeling as transcendental experience, 461–66, 467
Speeches, 458, 459, 466, 470n.4
Schofer, Jonathan, 100, 101, 103
Scholem, Gershom, 96, 104
Schopenhauer, Arthur, 209, 211
Schwartz, Regina, 337, 339, 342
science, 120–22
Seeman, Don, 104
Sefer Ma̓alot HaMidot, 103
self‐assessment, 20
self‐consciousness, 381–82, 384, 387–89, 393, 395–98, 402n.38, 459, 461–65, 467
Sells, Michael A., 336, 341
Semnani, Alaoddawleh, 302
Sen, Ramprasad, 54, 68
sensual meditation, 131
sensuous desire, 22
Septem gradus orationis (David of Augsburg), 368, 370
Serbs, 336, 341
Sered, Susan Starr, 189
serpent symbolism, 171
sexual abuse, 174
sexual intercourse, 173, 174
sexuality, 162–80
eroticism, 168–69
female, 185
and gender, 165–67
and religion, 162–63, 165, 170, 175
trauma of, 172–73, 174
sexual orientation, 166, 167
al‐Shaf̓i, 38
shaikh, 42
Shakers, 173
Shakespeare, William, 208
Shakti (goddess), 68
(p. 520) Shaktism, 67
shamanism, 203, 230, 242, 244–46
shame, 20–21, 74–75, 76, 86
Shamsuddin, 322
Shatz, David, 105
Shemonah Peraqim (Maimonides), 103
Sherwin, Byron, 103
Shi̓i Ashura, 46
Shi̓ite Muslims, 185
shikan, 87
Shils, Edward, 479
al‐Shirazi, Hafiz, 45
Shiva (god), 65
Shweder, Richard, 163, 164
Sickness unto Death (Kierkegaard), 383, 384
siddha, 170
siddhis, 249
simile, 23, 31
Simmel, Georg, 485
Sin and Fear (Delumeau), 9
single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 495
slavery, 484
smasana, 69n.4
Smith, Jonathan Z., 145–46, 147, 150, 152
Smith, Margaret, 301
Social Construction of Reality, The (Berger and Luckmann), 475
social psychology, 476
society, 475
sociology, 440–41, 453n.2, 475
Socrates, 3, 205
Soliloquies (Augustine), 349
Solomon, Robert C., 5, 31, 100, 311–12, 385
Soloveitchik, Joseph Dov, 105
Somalia, 189
Song of Songs, 4, 315, 318, 365–67, 370, 372–73
Sorabji, Richard, 352, 353
Sotoba no Komachi, 87
Soto Zen, 131
soul
activity of, 4
Augustine on, 349, 354–55
and body, 362n.10, 406
Cartesian, 4–5
dyadic, 117
and God, 319, 364, 367–69
Kierkegaard on, 394–95
and love, 319
Otto on, 469
sensory within, 370, 372
triadic, 117
space, 458
Speeches (Schleiermacher), 458, 459, 466, 470n.4
Spinoza, Benedict, 4, 5
spirit manifestation, 189
spirituality movement, 192
spiritual sensation, 369–72
spiritual sense, 408–10
Spiro, Melford, 481
split personality, 59
Sri Lanka, 497–98, 500
Stagel, Elisabeth, 374
Starbuck, Edwin, 405
Stark, Rodney, 7, 129
state, Sufi, 42
station, Sufi, 42
Stearns, Carol Z., 10
Stearns, Peter N., 10
Stoicism, 3, 4, 350–58, 360, 365, 380, 385–86
Stravinsky, Igor, 212
Strelley, Kate, 134
stress, 268
stribhava, 251
Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Kuhn), 123n.21
subjective well‐being, 491
subjectivity, 114, 482
sublimation, 169, 171
substance dualism, 115, 116, 117
suffering, 17–18, 19, 28, 111, 482–85
suggestive absorption, 242
suicide, 279, 411, 452
sunnah, 38, 40, 43, 47
Sunni jurisprudence, 35, 38
superconscious, 61
Surdas, 323
Suso, Henry, 374
Swazi royal rituals, 262
symbols, 146–47, 149
sympathetic joy, 25, 26
Takechi Furuhito, 76
Tang dynasty, 335
tantric traditions, 53, 170, 171, 172, 326
Tanya, 301
Taoism, 169, 171
tariqah, 42
tasawwuf, 39, 40, 41, 42, 47
Taves, Ann, 150
“Techniques of the Body” (Mauss), 149
Tennent, Gilbert, 9, 296
Teresa of Avila, 226–27, 298, 319, 320
terma, 177n.16
terror, 259–75
terrorism, 264, 265, 337
Theology, Music, and Time (Begbie), 217
theory of mind (TOM), 266–69
Theravada Buddhism, 82, 143
Thirty Years’ War, 334
Thomas à Kempis, 370
Timaeus (Plato), 205
time, 458
(p. 521) Tirosh‐Samuelson, Hava, 97, 98–99, 100, 102, 103
Tishby, Isaiah, 104
Tokugawa period, 74
Tomkins, Silvan, 120
Toomey, Paul M., 9, 128
Torah, 196n.20, 313, 315
torture, 264, 268
Touching Our Strength (Heyward), 194
tradition, 479, 491
trance, 242
transcendent, 313–27, 461–66, 467, 492–93
transcranial magnetic stimulator, 495
transvestism, 262
trauma, 172–73, 174
Treatise Concerning Religious Affections, A (Edwards), 501, 502
Treatise of Melancholie (Bright), 295
tremendum, 172–73, 467, 468
triadic soul, 117
Tristan und Isolde (Wagner), 209
truth, 368
Tsurezuregusa (Kenkō), 82
Tuc D̓Audoubert (France), 260
Turner, Victor, 146–47, 150, 482
Tuzin, Donald, 264, 270
Ujjvala‐Nilamani (Gosvamin), 58
ummah, 47
Underhill, Evelyn, 298
understanding, 116, 406, 407, 458
Unheroic Conduct (Boyarin), 105
Unification Church, 128, 129
unmada, 251
Unnatural Emotion (Lutz), 477
Upanishads, 52, 314, 322
Vaishnavism, 53, 57–60, 63, 64, 170
Vajrayana Buddhism, 171
Vanacari, Danavir dasa, 128, 131
van Gennep, Arnold, 145, 146, 261
Varieties of Religious Experience, The (James), 5, 225, 419, 421–22, 424, 426–33, 445
vedana, 53
Vedantic Hinduism, 52
Vedic Hinduism, 52
Veiled Sentiments (Abu‐Lughod), 477
vices, 499
victory, 394, 402n.36
Vidyapati, 63, 64, 65
Vines, Jerry, 336
violence, 262–65, 333, 337, 338, 340, 341, 342
Vipassana ritual, 144
Virgil, 201
Virgin Mary, 232, 374
virtue ethics, 97, 102, 105
virtues, 101, 103, 105, 499
visions, 414
Visvanatha, 55, 69n.8
Vita Jesu Christi (Ludolf of Saxony), 374
Vocation of Man, The (Fichte), 382
volition, 4, 18, 99, 112, 120, 350, 360, 406–7
von Hildebrand, Dietrich, 117
von Hügel, F., 113
al‐Wahid, Abd, 301
waka, 76, 83, 87
Wakefield, Margery, 134
Warfield, Benjamin B., 501
War Requiem (Britten), 213
Watts, Fraser, 426–27
Way to Holiness, The (Palmer), 297
Weber, Max, 127, 290–91, 292–93, 297, 484
weddings, 148, 151–52, 254, 262
weeping, 40, 103, 151–53, 192, 232, 301, 302
Weiss, Raymond L., 102
Wen (emperor), 230
Wesley, Charles, 209, 296
Wesley, John, 207, 296
Whitefield, George, 296
Whitehouse, Harvey, 5, 147–48, 149, 155, 156
Wiccan, 133
Wiesel, Elie, 300
Wile, Douglas, 171
will. See volition
William of Saint Thierry, 366, 367, 370, 372, 373, 374
Williams, Miriam, 134
Winn, Kenneth H., 335
Wolfson, Elliot, 103, 175
women
Catholic, 157, 184
feminist criticism and gendering of religious emotion, 182–84
feminist reclamation of religious emotion, 193–95
grief of, 86, 188–89
in Hindu tradition, 251, 252
Islamic, 183, 185, 229
in Japanese literature, 86
under Judaism, 183–84, 186, 187, 188, 196n.20
Micronesian, 477–78
sexualization of religious emotion, 185–87
in Sidi community, 254
subversion, power, and religious emotion, 187–90
Wordsworth, William, 479
wrong views, 22
Wujud, 302, 303
Wundt, William, 420
(p. 522) Wurzburger, Walter, 105
Wyschogrod, Michael, 191
yeser, 98, 101
Yogasutra (Patanjali), 61, 248
Zalman, Shneur, 301, 316
zangemono, 86, 89
Zeami, 85
Zen emotions, 492
Zhou Enlai, 231
Zohar, 103
Zoroastrianism, 336