Abstract and Keywords
This article looks at the environment where most Latin Americans lived until the middle of the twentieth century. Reflecting this basic fact, the region's historiography boasts a long tradition of studies of agrarian movements, haciendas—with a once fiery debate about the putative feudal or capitalist nature of these large landed estates, plantations, estancias, and ejidos (or land-owning Indian villages)—and the peasantry. Both this rich historiographical tradition and newer works on rural life are surveyed.
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