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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores eight related claims: persons are not merely rational, but possess full reflective rationality; the single overarching normative requirement that rationality places on persons is to achieve overall rational unity within themselves; beings who possess full reflective rationality can enter into distinctively interpersonal relations, which involve efforts at rational influence from within the space of reasons; a significant number of moral considerations speak in favor of defining the person as a reflective rational agent; this definition of the person has helped to distinguish personal identity from animal identity; although it is a platitude that a person has special reason to be concerned for its own well-being, it is not obvious how best to account for that platitude; groups of human beings and parts of human beings might qualify as individual persons in their own right; there is a sense in which the normative requirements of rationality are hypothetical.

Keywords: reflective rationality, rational unity, interpersonal relations, personal identity, animal identity, normative requirements

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