Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 13 November 2019

(p. 439) References

(p. 439) References

Adler, J. 1984. “Abstraction Is Uncooperative.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 14: 165–81.Find this resource:

Ainslie, George. 1988. “Beyond Microeconomics: Conflict among Interests in a Multiple Self as a Determinate of Value.” In The Multiple Self, ed. J. Elster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Ainslie, George. 1992. Picoeconomics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Ainslie, George. 2001. Breakdown of Will. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Alcoff, Linda. 1995. “Is the Feminist Critique of Reason Rational?” Philosophical Topics 23: 1–26.Find this resource:

Alexander, Larry. 1990. “Law and Exclusionary Reasons.” Philosophical Topics 18: 5–22.Find this resource:

Allais, Maurice. 1953. “Le comportement de l'homme rationnel devant le risque: Critique des postulats et des axiomes de l'ecole americaine.” Econometrica 21: 503–46.Find this resource:

Allais, Maurice. 1979. “The Foundations of a Positive Theory of Choice Involving Risk and a Criticism of the Postulates and Axioms of the American School.” In The Expected Utility Hypothesis and the Allais Paradox, ed. M. Allais and O. Hagen. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Alston, William. 1989. Epistemic Justification: Essays in the Theory of Knowledge. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Alston, William. 1991. Perceiving God. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Altham, J.E.J. 1986. “The Legacy of Emotivism.” In Fact, Science, and Morality: Essays on A. J. Ayer's Language, Truth and Logic, ed. G. Macdonald and C. Wright. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Alvarez, Walter. 1998. T. Rex and the Crater of Doom. New York: Vintage.Find this resource:

Anderson, Elizabeth. 1993. Value in Ethics and Economics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Angluin, Dana, and C. Smith. 1983. “Inductive Inference: Theory and Methods.” Computing Surveys 15: 237–69.Find this resource:

Anscombe, G.E.M. 1957. Intention. Oxford: Blackwell. Reprinted 1979.Find this resource:

Antony, Louise. [1993] 2002. “Quine as Feminist: The Radical Import of Naturalized Epistemology.” In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays of Reason and Objectivity, ed. L. Antony and C. Witt. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Antony, Louise. 1995. “Sisters, Please, I'd Rather Do It Myself: A Defense of Individualism in Feminist Epistemology.” Philosophical Topics 23: 59–94.Find this resource:

Aristotle. 1984. The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. J. Barnes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Arlo-Costa, Horatio, and C. Bicchieri. 1998. “Games and Conditionals.” Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge. Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kauffman.Find this resource:

(p. 440) Armendt, Brad. 1980. “Is There a Dutch Book Argument for Probability Kinematics?” Philosophy of Science 47: 583–88.Find this resource:

Armendt, Brad. 1993. “Dutch Books, Additivity and Utility Theory.” Philosophical Topics 21: 1–20.Find this resource:

Arpaly, Nomy. 2000. “On Acting Rationally against One's Best Judgment.” Ethics 110: 488–513.Find this resource:

Arrow, Kenneth. 1951. Social Choice and Individual Values. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Arrow, Kenneth. 1963. Social Choice and Individual Values. 2d ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Arrow, Kenneth. 1967. “Public and Private Values.” In Human Values and Economic Policy, ed. Sydney Hook. New York: New York University Press.Find this resource:

Astell, Mary. [1701] 1970. A Serious Proposal to the Ladies for the Advancement of Their True and Great Interest. New York: Source Book.Find this resource:

Atherton, Margaret. [1993] 2002. “Cartesian Reason and Gendered Reason.” In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays of Reason and Objectivity, ed. L. Antony and C. Witt. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Atiyah, P. S. 1989. The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1990a. “Rationality and Valuation.” In Rationality in Action: Contemporary Approaches, ed. P. K. Moser. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1990b. “Weakness of Will and Rational Action.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68: 270–81.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1994. “Dispositional Beliefs and Dispositions to Believe.” No;afus 28: 419–34.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1995a. “Deductive Closure, Defeasibility, and Skepticism: A Reply to Feldman.” Philosophical Quarterly 45: 494–99.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1995b. “Memorial Justification.” Philosophical Topics 23: 31–45.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1997. “The Place of Testimony in the Fabric of Knowledge and Justification.” American Philosophical Quarterly 34: 404–22.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1998. Epistemology. London: Routledge.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1999a. “Doxastic Voluntarism and the Ethics of Belief.” Facta Philosophica 1: 87–109.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 1999b. “Self-Evidence.” Philosophical Perspectives 13: 205–28.Find this resource:

Audi, Robert. 2001. The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Aumann, Robert. 1976. “Agreeing to Disagree.” Annals of Statistics 4: 1236–39.Find this resource:

Aumann, Robert. 1995. “Backward Induction and Common Knowledge of Rationality.” Games and Economic Behavior 8: 6–19.Find this resource:

Averill, Jim. 1980. “A Constructivist View of Emotion.” In Emotion: Theory, Research and Experience, vol. 1, Theories of Emotion, ed. R. Plutchik and H. Kellerman. New York: Academic.Find this resource:

Axelrod, Robert. 1981. “The Emergence of Cooperation among Egoists.” American Political Science Review 75: 306–18.Find this resource:

Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic.Find this resource:

Axelrod, Robert. 1987. “The Evolution of Strategies in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.” In Genetic Algorithms and Simulated Annealing, ed. L. Davis. Los Angeles: Morgan Kauffman.Find this resource:

(p. 441) Axelrod, Robert. 1997. The Complexity of Cooperation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Bach, Kent. 1981. “An Analysis of Self-Deception.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 41: 351–70.Find this resource:

Bacharach, Michael. 1987. “A Theory of Rational Decision in Games.” Erkenntnis 27: 17–55.Find this resource:

Bacharach, Michael. Forthcoming. Agency and Cooperation: An Extension of Game Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Baier, Annette 1991. A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Barash, David. 1979. The Whisperings Within: Evolution and the Origin of Human Nature. New York: Harper & Row.Find this resource:

Barker, Stephen. 1964. Philosophy of Mathematics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Barnes, Annette. 1997. Seeing through Self-Deception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Baron, Jonathan. 1988. Thinking and Deciding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Baron, Jonathan. 2001. Thinking and Deciding. 3d ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Baron, Marcia W. 1995. Kantian Ethics Almost without Apology. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Barry, Brian. 1965. Political Argument. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Basu, Kaushik. 1990. “On the Non-existence of a Rationality Definition for Extensive Games.” International Journal of Game Theory 19: 33–44.Find this resource:

Bayes, Thomas. [1764] 1958. “An Essay toward Solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 53: 370–18. Reprinted in Biometrica 45: 296–15; all page references are to the later edition.Find this resource:

Beach, Joseph Warren. 1910. “The Sources of Stevenson's Bottle Imp.” Modern Language Notes 25: 12–18.Find this resource:

Bedford, Errol. 1957. “The Emotions.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 57: 281–04.Find this resource:

Bender, John, ed. 1989. The Current State of the Coherence Theory. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Beniger, James R. 1986. The Control Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Bennett, Jonathan. 1989. Rationality: An Essay towards an Analysis. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Ben-Ze'ev, Aaron. 2000. The Subtlety of Emotions. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Bermudez, Jose. 2000. “Self-Deception, Intentions, and Contradictory Beliefs.” Analysis 60: 309–19.Find this resource:

Bernheim, B. Douglas. 1984. “Rationalizable Strategic Behavior.” Econometrica 52: 1007–28.Find this resource:

Bernick, Susan. 1992. “Philosophy and Feminism: The Case of Susan Bordo.” Hypatia 7: 188–96.Find this resource:

Bernoulli, Daniel. 1738. “Exposition of a New Theory on the Measurement of Risk.” Trans. Louise Sommer. Econometrica 22 (1954): 22–36.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina. 1988a. “Strategic Behavior and Counterfactuals.” Synthese 76: 135–69.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina. 1988b. “Common Knowledge and Backward Induction: A Solution to the Paradox.” In Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge, ed. M. Vardi. Los Altos, Morgan Kaufmann.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina. 1989. “Self-Refuting Theories of Strategic Interaction: A Paradox of Common Knowledge.” Erkenntnis 30: 69–85.Find this resource:

(p. 442) Bicchieri, Cristina. 1993. Rationality and Coordination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina. Forthcoming. “Game Theory: Nash Equilibrium.” In The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information, ed. L. Floridi. London: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina, and A. Antonelli. 1995. “Game-Theoretic Axioms for Local Rationality and Bounded Knowledge.” Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 4: 145–67.Find this resource:

Bicchieri, Cristina, and O. Schulte. 1997. “Common Reasoning about Admissibility.” Erkenntnis 45: 299–325.Find this resource:

Bigelow, John, S. Dodds, and R. Pargetter. 1990. “Temptation and the Will.” American Philosophical Quarterly 27: 39–49.Find this resource:

Bilgrami, Akeel. 2002. “Intentionality and Norms.” In New Essays on Naturalism, ed. M. de Caro. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Binmore, Kenneth. 1987. “Modeling Rational Players I.” Economics and Philosophy 3: 179–214.Find this resource:

Binmore, Kenneth. 1988. “Modeling Rational Players II.” Economics and Philosophy 4: 9–55.Find this resource:

Binmore, Kenneth. 1994. Game Theory and the Social Contract. Vol. 1, Playing Fair. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Binmore, Kenneth. 1998a. Game Theory and the Social Contract. Vol. 2, Just Playing. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Binmore, Kenneth. 1998b. Review of The Complexity of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation1(1). On the Web at http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/1/1/review1.html.

Binmore, Kenneth, and L. Samuelson. 1992. “Evolutionary Stability in Repeated Games Played by Finite Automata.” Journal of Economic Theory 57: 278–305.Find this resource:

Biro, John, and K. Ludwig. 1994. “Are There More Than Minimal a Priori Limits on Irrationality?” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72: 89–102.Find this resource:

Blackburn, Simon. 1998. Ruling Passions: A Theory of Practical Reasoning. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Bleier, Ruth. 1986. Feminist Approaches to Science. New York: Pergamon.Find this resource:

Blum, Lenore, and M. Blum. 1975. “Toward a Mathematical Theory of Inductive Inference.” Information and Control 28: 125–55.Find this resource:

Blum, Manuel. 1967. “A Machine-Independent Theory of the Complexity of Recursive Functions.” Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery 14: 322–36.Find this resource:

Blume, Lawrence, A. Brandenburger, and E. Dekel. 1991. “Lexicographic Probabilities and Choice under Uncertainty.” Econometrica 59: 61–79.Find this resource:

Bonanno, G. 1991. “The Logic of Rational Play in Games of Perfect Information.” Economics and Philosophy 7: 37–61.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. 1985. The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. 1998. In Defense of Pure Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

BonJour, Laurence. 1999. “Foundationalism and the External World.” Philosophical Perspectives 13: 229–49.Find this resource:

Bordo, Susan. 1987. The Flight to Objectivity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Find this resource:

Bordo, Susan. 1988. “Feminist Skepticism and the ‘Maleness’ of Philosophy.” Journal of Philosophy 85: 619–29.Find this resource:

Bower, Blair. 1996. “Rational Mind Design: Research into the Ecology of Thought Treads on Contested Terrain.” Science News 150: 24–25.Find this resource:

(p. 443) Boyd, Richard. 1983. “On the Current Status of the Issue of Scientific Realism.” Erkenntnis 19: 45–90.Find this resource:

Brandom, Robert. 1994. Making It Explicit. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Brandt, Richard. 1979. A Theory of the Good and the Right. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Brandt, Richard. 1989. “Practical Rationality: A Response.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49: 125–30.Find this resource:

Brandt, Richard. 1998. “The Rational Criticism of Preferences.” In Preferences, ed. C. Fehige and U. Wessels. New York: Walter de Gruyter.Find this resource:

Bratman, Michael. 1987. Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Bratman, Michael. 1992. “Planning and the Stability of Intention.” Mind and Machines 2: 1–16.Find this resource:

Bratman, Michael. 1999. Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Bratman, Michael. 2000. “Reflection, Planning, and Temporally Extended Agency.” Philosophical Review 109: 35–61.Find this resource:

Brennan, G., and J. M. Buchanan. 1987. The Reason of Rules. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Brentano, Franz. 1973. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Bricke, John. 1996. Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Brink, David. 1986. “Externalist Moral Realism.” Southern Journal of Philosophy supplement: 23–42.Find this resource:

Brink, David. 1989. Moral Realism and the Foundations of Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Broome, John. 1991. Weighing Goods: Equality, Uncertainty, and Time. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Broome, John. 1999. “Normative requirements.” Ratio 12: 398–419.Find this resource:

Broome, John. 2001a. “Are Intentions Reasons? And How Should We Cope with Incommensurable Values?” In Practical Rationality and Preference, ed. C. W. Morris and A. Ripstein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Broome, John. 2001b. “Normative Practical Reasoning.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 75: 175–93.Find this resource:

Budd, Malcolm. 1985. Music and the Emotions. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Buss, Sarah. 1997. “Weakness of Will.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78: 13–44.Find this resource:

Carnap, Rudolf. 1950. Logical Foundations of Probability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

Carroll, Lewis. 1895. “What the Tortoise Said to Achilles.” Mind 4: 278–80.Find this resource:

Case, Karl, and R. Fair. 1992. Principles of Economics. 2d ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Casscells, Ward, A. Schoenberger, and T. Grayboys. 1978. “Interpretation by Physi- cians of Clinical Laboratory Results.” New England Journal of Medicine 299: 999–1000.Find this resource:

Castañeda, Hector-Neri. 1975: Thinking and Doing. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Cave, Peter. 2001. “Too Self-Fulfilling.” Analysis 61–62: 141–46.Find this resource:

Chang, Ruth, ed. 1997. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Charlton, William. 1988. Weakness of Will. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

(p. 444) Cheng, Patricia, and K. Holyoak. 1985. “Pragmatic Reasoning Schemas.” Cognitive Psychology 17: 391–416.Find this resource:

Cheng, Patricia. 1989. “On the Natural Selection of Reasoning Theories.” Cognition 33: 285–313.Find this resource:

Cheng, Patricia, R. Nisbett, and L. Oliver. 1986. “Pragmatic versus Syntactic Approaches to Training Deductive Reasoning.” Cognitive Psychology 18: 293–328.Find this resource:

Cherniak, Christopher. 1986. Minimal Rationality. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick. 1966. Theory of Knowledge. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Chisholm, Roderick. 1982. The Foundations of Knowing. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Find this resource:

Chodorow, Nancy. 1977. The Reproduction of Mothering. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Chomsky, Noam. 1966. Cartesian Linguistics. New York: Harper & Row.Find this resource:

Christensen, David. 1991. “Clever Bookies and Coherent Beliefs.” Philosophical Review 100: 229–47.Find this resource:

Christensen, David. 1996. “Dutch-Book Arguments De-pragmatized.” Journal of Philosophy 93: 450–79.Find this resource:

Christensen, David. 1999. “Measuring Confirmation.” Journal of Philosophy 96: 437–61.Find this resource:

Christensen, David. 2001. “Preference-Based Arguments for Probabilism.” Philosophy of Science 68: 356–76.Find this resource:

Clifford, William. 1886. Lectures and Essays. London: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Code, Lorraine. 1991. What Can She Know? Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Code, Lorraine. 1995. Rhetorical Spaces: Essays on Gendered Locations. New York: Routledge.Find this resource:

Cohen, L. Jonathan. 1981. “Can Human Irrationality Be Experimentally Demonstrated?” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4: 317–70.Find this resource:

Cooter, Robert D. 1983. “The Objectives of Private and Public Judges.” Public Choice 41: 107.Find this resource:

Copp, David. 1997. “Belief, Reason, and Motivation Michael Smith's The Moral Problem.” Ethics 108: 33–54.Find this resource:

Cosmides, Leda. 1989. “The Logic of Social Exchange: Has Natural Selection Shaped How Humans Reason? Studies with Wason Selection Task.” Cognition 31: 187–276.Find this resource:

Cosmides, Leda, and J. Tooby. 1992. “Cognitive Adaptations for Social Exchange.” In The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, ed. J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, and J. Tooby. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Cosmides, Leda. 1994. “Better Than Rational: Evolutionary Psychology and the Invisible Hand.” American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings 84: 327–32.Find this resource:

Cosmides, Leda. 1996. “Are Humans Good Intuitive Statisticians After All? Rethinking Some Conclusions from the Literature on Judgment under Uncertainty.” Cognition 58: 1–73.Find this resource:

Cullity, Garrett, and B. Gaut, eds. 1997. Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Cummins, Denise. 1996. “Evidence for the Innateness of Deontic Reasoning.” Mind and Language 11: 160–90.Find this resource:

Damasio, Antonio. 1994. Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York: Putnam.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. 1993. Moral Reasons. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. 1995. “Why There Is Really No Such Thing as the Theory of Motivation.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95: 1–18.Find this resource:

Dancy, Jonathan. 2000. Practical Reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

(p. 445) Danielson, Peter. 1998a. “Evolution and the Social Contract.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28: 627–52.Find this resource:

Danielson, Peter. 1998b. Introduction to Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution, ed. P. Danielson. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Danielson, Peter. 2002. “Competition among Cooperators: Altruism and Reciprocity.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99: 7237–42.Find this resource:

D'Arms, Justin, and D. Jacobson. 2000. “Sentiment and Value.” Ethics 110: 722–48.Find this resource:

D'Arms, Justin, R. Batterman, and K. Gorny. 1998. “Game Theoretic Explanations and the Evolution of Justice.” Philosophy of Science 65: 76–102.Find this resource:

Darwall, Stephen. 1983. Impartial Reason. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Darwin, Charles. 1859. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. London: J. Murray.Find this resource:

Darwin, Charles. [1859] 1968. The Origin of Species. New York: Penguin.Find this resource:

Darwin, Charles. 1871. The Descent of Man: And Selection in Relation to Sex. London: J. Murray.Find this resource:

Darwin, Charles. 1965. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

Davidson, Donald. 1963. “Actions, Reasons and Causes.” Reprinted in Davidson 1980.Find this resource:

Davidson, Donald. 1980. Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Davidson, Donald. 1982. “Paradoxes of Irrationality.” In Philosophical Essays on Freud, ed. R. Wollheim and J. Hopkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Davidson, Donald. 1983. “A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge.” In Kant odor Hegel, ed. D. Hendrich. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 1984. Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. New York: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 1985a. “A New Basis for Decision Theory.” Theory and Decision 18: 87–98.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 1985b. “Deception and Division.” In Actions and Events, ed. E. LePore and B. McLaughlin. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 1990. “The Structure and Content of Truth.” Journal of Philosophy 87: 279–328.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 1991. “Three Varieties of Knowledge.” Philosophy supplement 30: 153–66.Find this resource:

Kant odor Hegel. 2001. Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. New York: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Davis, Lawrence. 1979. Theory of Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Davis, Wayne. 1987. “The Varieties of Fear.” Philosophical Studies. 51: 287–310.Find this resource:

Dawes, Robyn. 1988. Rational Choice in an Uncertain World. San Diego: Harcourt.Find this resource:

Dawkins, Richard. 1976. The Selfish Gene. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Dawkins, Richard. 1982. The Extended Phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Dawkins, Richard. 1983. “Universal Darwinism.” In Evolution from Molecules to Men, ed. D. S. Bendall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Dawkins, Richard. 1989. The Selfish Gene. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Dawkins, Richard. 1996. River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life. New York: Basic.Find this resource:

de Finetti, Bruno. 1930. “Fondamenti logici del ragionamento probabilistico.” Boll. Un. mat. Ital. 9 (ser. A): 258–61.Find this resource:

de Finetti, Bruno. [1937] 1964. “La prévision: Ses lois logiques, ses sources subjectives.” Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré 7: 1–68. Trans. into English and reprinted as “Foresight: Its Logical Laws, Its Subjective Sources.” In Studies in Subjective Probability, ed. H. Kyburg and H. Smokler. New York: John Wiley and Sons: 93–158; all page references are to the later edition.Find this resource:

de Finetti, Bruno. 1972. Probability Induction and Statistics. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Find this resource:

de Finetti, Bruno. 1974. Theory of Probability, vol. 1. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Find this resource:

(p. 446) de Sousa, Ronald. 1980. “Arguments from Nature.” Zygon 15: 169–91.Find this resource:

de Sousa, Ronald. 1987. The Rationality of Emotion. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Deigh, John. 1994. “Cognitivism in the Theory of Emotions.” Ethics 104: 824–54.Find this resource:

Demos, Raphael. 1960. “Lying to Oneself.” Journal of Philosophy 57: 588–95.Find this resource:

Dennett, Daniel. 1978. Brainstorms. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books.Find this resource:

Dennett, Daniel. 1987. The Intentional Stance. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT Press.Find this resource:

Dennett, Daniel. 1995. Darwin's Dangerous Idea. New York: Simon & Schuster.Find this resource:

DeRose, Keith. 1992. “Contextualism and Knowledge Attributions.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52: 913–29.Find this resource:

Descartes, Rene. 1637. Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and Seeking the Truth in the Sciences. In Descartes 1984a.Find this resource:

Descartes, Rene. 1970. “The Passions of the Soul.” In Descartes 1984a.Find this resource:

Descartes, Rene. 1984a. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Trans. J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, and D. Murdoch. Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Descartes, Rene. 1984b. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Trans. J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, and D. Murdoch. Vol. 3. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Dewey, John. 1938. Logic: The Theory of Inquiry. New York: Holt.Find this resource:

Diaconis, Persi, and S. Zabell. 1982. “Updating Subjective Probability.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 77: 822–30.Find this resource:

Diamond, Peter. 1967. “Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics, and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility: Comment.” Journal of Political Economy 75: 765–66.Find this resource:

Doob, Joseph. 1971. “What Is a Martingale?” American Mathematical Monthly 78: 451–62.Find this resource:

Dreier, James. 1996. “Rational Preference: Decision Theory as a Theory of Practical Rationality.” Theory and Decision 40: 249–76.Find this resource:

Dreier, James. 1997. “Humean Doubts about the Practical Justification of Morality.” In Cullity and Gaut 1997.Find this resource:

Dretske, Fred. 1970. “Epistemic Operators.” Journal of Philosophy 67: 1007–23.Find this resource:

Dretske, Fred. 1981. Knowledge and the Flow of Information. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Dretske, Fred. 1988. Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Driver, P. M., and D. Humphries. 1988. Protean Behaviour: The Biology of Unpredictability. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Dunn, Robert. 1987. The Possibility of Weakness of Will. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Dworkin, Ronald. 1980. “Is Wealth a Value?” Journal of Legal Studies 9: 191–227.Find this resource:

Earman, John. 1992. Bayes or Bust. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Edgeworth, Francis. 1881. Mathematical Psychics: An Essay on the Application of Mathematics to the Moral Sciences. London: Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Edwards, Paul. 1967. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Edwards, Ward, H. Lindman, and L. J. Savage. 1963. “Bayesian Statistical Inference for Psychological Research.” Psychological Review 70: 193–242.Find this resource:

Eells, Ellery. 2000. “Review of James Joyce's ‘The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory.’ ” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51: 893–900.Find this resource:

Ekman, Paul. 1992. “Are There Basic Emotions?” Psychological Review 99: 550–53.Find this resource:

Ellsberg, Daniel. 1961. “Risk, Ambiguity, and the Savage Axioms.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 75: 643–69.Find this resource:

Elster, Jon. 1984. Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies in Rationality and Irrationality. Rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

(p. 447) Elster, Jon. 1986. Rational Choice, Readings in Social and Political Theory (Oxford, England). Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Elster, Jon. 1989. Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Elster, Jon. 1999. Alchemies of the Mind: Rationality and the Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Engstrom, Stephen, and J. Whiting, eds. 1996. Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Epstein, Joshua M., and R. Axtell. 1996. Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Evans, Jonathan. 1984. “Heuristic and Analytic Processes in Reasoning.” British Journal of Psychology 75: 451–68.Find this resource:

Evans, Jonathan. 1989. Bias in Human Reasoning: Causes and Consequences. London: Erlbaum Associates.Find this resource:

Evans, Jonathan, S. Newstead, and R. Byrne. 1993. Human Reasoning: The Psychology of Deduction. Hove, UK: Erlbaum Associates.Find this resource:

Evans, Jonathan, and D. Over. 1996. Rationality and Reasoning. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.Find this resource:

Evans, Jonathan. Forthcoming. Dual Processes in Thinking and Reasoning.Find this resource:

Fehige, Christoph. 2001. “Instrumentalism.” In Varieties of Practical Reasoning, ed. Elijah Millgram. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Fetzer, James, and C. G. Hempel. 2001. The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Fiedler, K. 1988. “The Dependence of the Conjunction Fallacy on Subtle Linguistic Factors.” Psychological Research 50: 123–29.Find this resource:

Finkelstein, Claire. 2003. “Is Risk a Harm?” Pennsylvania Law Review 151: 963–1002.Find this resource:

Firth, Roderick. 1952. “Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12: 317–45.Find this resource:

Fisher, Ronald A. 1930. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Flax, Jane. 1983. “Political Philosophy and the Patriarchial Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Epistemology and Metaphysics.” In Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and the Philosophy of Science, ed. S. Harding and M. Hintikka. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Flew, Antony. 1967. Evolutionary Ethics, New Studies in Ethics. New York: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Flikschuh, Katrin. 2000. Kant and Modern Political Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Fodor, Jerry. 1983. The Modularity of Mind. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Fodor, Jerry. 1987. The Theory of Epistemic Rationality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Fodor, Jerry. 1993. Working without a Net. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Fodor, Jerry. 2000. The Mind Doesn't Work That Way: The Scope and Limits of Computational Psychology. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Foot, Philippa. 1972. “Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives.” Philosophical Review 81: 305–16. Reprinted in Virtues and Vices. Oxford: Blackwell, 1978.Find this resource:

Foot, Philippa. 1988. “Utilitarianism and the Virtues.” In Consequentialism and Its Critics, ed. S. Scheffler. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Foss, Jeffrey. 1997. “How Many Beliefs Can Dance in the Head of the Self-Deceived?” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20: 111–12.Find this resource:

(p. 448) Frank, Robert. 1988. Passions within Reason: The Strategic Role of the Emotions. New York: Norton.Find this resource:

Frankfurt, Harry. 1969. “Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility.” Journal of Philosophy 66: 829–39.Find this resource:

Frankfurt, Harry. 1988. The Importance of What We Care About. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Fricker, Elizabeth. 2002. “Testimony.” In Handbook of Epistemology, ed. I. Niiniluoto and M. Sintonen. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Fricker, Miranda. 1998. “Rational Authority and Social Power.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98: 159–77.Find this resource:

Friedrich, James. 1993. “Primary Error Detection and Minimization (PEDMIN) Strategies in Social Cognition: A Reinterpretation of Confirmation Bias Phenomena.” Psychological Review 100: 298–319.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1986. Morals by Agreement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1988–89. “In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor (Reflections on Rationality).” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89: 179–94.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1990. “Economic Man and the Rational Reasoner.” In From Political Economy to Economics—And Back, ed. J. H. Nichols, Jr., and C. Wright. Oakland, CA: ICS.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1994. “Assure and Threaten.” Ethics 104: 690–721.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1996. “Commitment and Choice: An Essay on the Rationality of Plans.” In Ethics, Rationality, and Economic Behaviour, ed. F. Farina, F. Hahn, and S. Vannucci. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1997a. “Rationality and the Rational Aim.” In Reading Parfit, ed. J. Dancy. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1997b. “Resolute Choice and Rational Deliberation.” No;afus 31: 1–25.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1998a. “Intention and Deliberation.” In Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution, ed. P. Danielson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gauthier, David. 1998b. “Rethinking the Toxin Puzzle.” In Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka, ed. J. L. Coleman and C. W. Morris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Gert, Bernard. 1998. Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gibbard, Allan. 1990. Wise Choices, Apt Feelings. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd. 1991a. “How to Make Cognitive Illusions Disappear: Beyond ‘Heuristics and Biases.’ ” European Review of Social Psychology 2: 83–115.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd. 1991b. “On Cognitive Illusions and Rationality.” Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 21: 225–49.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd. 1994. “Why the Distinction between Single-Event Probabilities and Frequencies Is Important for Psychology (and Vice Versa).” In Subjective Probability, ed. G. Gerd, C. Wright, and P. Ayton. New York: John Wiley.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd. 1998. “The Modularity of Social Intelligence.” In Machiavellian Intelligence II, ed. A. Whiten and R. Byrne. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd. 2000. Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd, U. Hoffrage, and H. Kleinbölting. 1991. “Probabilistic Mental Models: A Brunswikean Theory of Confidence.” Psychological Review 98: 506–28.Find this resource:

(p. 449) Gigerenzer, Gerd, and K. Hug. 1992. “Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts, Cheating, and Perspective Change.” Cognition 43: 127–71.Find this resource:

Gigerenzer, Gerd, P. M. Todd, and the ABC Research Group. 1999. Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Gilovich, Thomas. 1991. How We Know What Isn't So. New York: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Glymour, Clark. 1980. Theory and Evidence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Gold, E. Mark. 1967. “Language Identification in the Limit.” Information and Control 10: 447–74.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin. 1970. A Theory of Human Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin. 1986. Epistemology and Cognition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Goldman, Alvin. 1999. Knowledge in a Social World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Goldstein, Michael. 1983. “The Prevision of a Prevision.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 78: 817–19.Find this resource:

Good, I. J. 1952. “Rational Decisions.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, ser. B, 14: 107–14.Find this resource:

Goodman, Nelson. 1965. Fact, Fiction, and Forecast. 2d ed. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.Find this resource:

Goodwin, William. [1793] 1971. Enquiry Concerning Political Justice. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Gopnik, Alison. 1990. “Developing the Idea of Intentionality: Children's Theories of Mind.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20: 89–113.Find this resource:

Gopnik, Alison, and J. W. Astington. 1988. “Children's Understanding of Representational Change and Its Relation to the Understanding of False Belief and the Appearance-Reality Distinction.” Child Development 59: 26–37.Find this resource:

Gordon, Robert. 1987. The Structure of Emotions: Investigations in Cognitive Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Gordon, Scott. 1954. “The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery.” Journal of Political Economy 19: 124–42.Find this resource:

Gosling, Justin. 1990. Weakness of the Will. London: Routledge.Find this resource:

Gould, Stephen J. 1981. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton.Find this resource:

Gould, Stephen J. 1992. Bully for Brontosaurus: Further Reflections in Natural History. London: Penguin.Find this resource:

Greco, John. 2000 Putting Skeptics in Their Place. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Green, Karen. 1995. The Woman of Reason. Cambridge: Polity.Find this resource:

Green, Leslie. 1988. The Authority of the State. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Green, O. H. 1992. The Emotions: A Philosophical Theory. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Greenspan, Patricia. 1980. “A Case of Mixed Feelings: Ambivalence and the Logic of Emotion.” In Explaining Emotions, ed. A. Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Greenspan, Patricia. 1981. “Emotions as Evaluations.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62: 158–69.Find this resource:

Greenspan, Patricia. 1988. Emotions and Reasons: An Inquiry into Emotional Justification. New York: Routledge, Chapman, and Hall.Find this resource:

Greenspan, Patricia. 1995. Practical Guilt: Moral Dilemmas, Emotions, and Social Norms. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Greenspan, Patricia. 1998. “Moral Responses and Moral Theory: Socially Based Externalist Ethics.” Journal of Ethics 2: 103–22.Find this resource:

(p. 450) Greenspan, Patricia. 2000. “Emotional Strategies and Rationality.” Ethics 3: 469–87.Find this resource:

Greer, Germaine. 1970. The Female Eunuch. London: MacGibbon & Kee.Find this resource:

Griffiths, Paul. 1997. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

Griggs, R., and J. Cox. 1982. “The Elusive Thematic-Materials Effect in Wason's Selection Task.” British Journal of Psychology 73: 407–20.Find this resource:

Grimshaw, Jean. 1986. Feminist Philosophers: Women's Perspectives on Philosophical Traditions. Brighton, UK: Wheatsheaf.Find this resource:

Guyer, Paul. 2000. Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Guyer, Paul. 2002. “Kant's Deductions of the Principles of Right.” In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays, ed. M. Timmons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Haight, Mary. 1980. A Study of Self-Deception. Sussex: Harvester.Find this resource:

Hammond, Peter. 1994. “Elementary Non-Archimedean Representations of Probability for Decision Theory and Games.” In Patrick Suppes: Scientific Philosopher, ed. P. Humphreys, vol. 1. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Hampton, Jean. 1995. “Does Hume Have an Instrumental Conception of Practical Reason?” Hume Studies 21: 57–74.Find this resource:

Hardin, Garrett. 1968. “Tragedy of the Commons.” Science 162: 1243–48.Find this resource:

Harding, Sandra. 1991. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Hardwig, John. 1985. “Epistemic Dependence.” Journal of Philosophy 82: 335–49.Find this resource:

Hardwig, John. 1991. “The Role of Trust in Knowledge.” Journal of Philosophy 88: 693–708.Find this resource:

Hare, R. M. 1952. The Language of Morals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Hare, R. M. 1963. Freedom and Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Hare, R. M. 1981. Moral Thinking. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1973. Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1975. “Moral Relativism Defended.” Philosophical Review 84: 3–22.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1977. The Nature of Morality. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1986. Change in View: Principles of Reasoning. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1994. “Simplicity as a Pragmatic Criterion for Deciding What Hypotheses to Take Seriously.” In Grue: The New Riddle of Induction, ed. D. Stalker. Peru, IL: Open Court.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1996. “Moral Relativism.” In G. Harman and J. J. Thompson, Moral Relativity and Moral Objectivity. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 1999. Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Harman, Gilbert. 2003. “Skepticism and Foundations.” In The Skeptics: Contemporary Essays, ed. S. Luper. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate.Find this resource:

Harms, William. 1997. “Reliability and Novelty: Information Gain in Multi-Level Selection Systems.” Erkenntniss 46: 335–63.Find this resource:

Harper, William. 1976. “Rational Belief Change, Popper Functions, and Counterfactuals.” In Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science, ed. W. Harper and C. Hooker, vol. 1. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Harper, William. 1991. “Ratifiability and Refinements.” In Foundations of Decision Theory, ed. M. Bacharach and S. Hurley. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Harsanyi, John C. 1955. “Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility.” Journal of Political Economy 63: 309–21.Find this resource:

(p. 451) Harsanyi, John C. 1976. Essays on Ethics, Social Behavior, and Scientific Explanation. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Harsanyi, John C. 1977. Rational Behavior and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Hartsock, Nancy. 1998. The Feminist Standpoint Revisited and Other Essays. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Haslanger, Sally. [1993] 2002. “On Being Objective and Being Objectified.” In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, ed. L. Anthony and C. Witt. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Hatfield, Elaine, J. Cacioppo, and R. Rapson. 1994. Emotional Contagion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Hausner, Melvin. 1954. “Multidimensional Utilities.” In Decision Processes, ed. R. Thrall, R. C. Coombs, and R. Davis. New York: Wiley and Sons.Find this resource:

Hegel, Georg. 1812. Wissenschaft der Logik. Nürnberg: Schrag.Find this resource:

Hegel, Georg. 1977. The Phenomenology of Spirit, ed. A. V. Miller. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Heil, John. 1984. “Doxastic Incontinence.” Mind 93: 56–70.Find this resource:

Heil, John. 1992. The Nature of True Minds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Hellman, Geoffrey. 1997. “Bayes and Beyond.” Philosophy of Science 64: 191–221.Find this resource:

Hempel, Carl. 1965. Aspects of Scientific Explanation. New York: Free Press.Find this resource:

Herman, Barbara. 1993. The Practice of Moral Judgement. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Hertwig, R., and G. Gigerenzer. 1994. The Chain of Reasoning in the Conjunction Task. Unpublished manuscript.Find this resource:

Hill, Thomas. 1986. “Weakness of Will and Character.” Philosophical Topics 14: 93–115.Find this resource:

Hill, Thomas. 1991. Autonomy and Self-Respect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Hill, Thomas. 1992. Dignity and Practical Reason. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Hoagland, Sarah. 1988. Lesbian Ethics. Palo Alto, CA: Institute of Lesbian Studies.Find this resource:

Hobbes, Thomas. 1968. Leviathan. New York: Penguin.Find this resource:

Hofbauer, Josef, and K. Sigmund. 1988. The Theory of Evolution and Dynamical Systems: Mathematical Aspects of Selection. London Mathematical Society Student Texts 7. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Holland, John H. 1975. Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Find this resource:

Hollis, Martin. 1982. “The Social Destruction of Reality.” In Rationality and Relativism, ed. M. Hollis and S. Lukes. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Hooker, Brad. 1987. “Williams's Argument against External Reasons.” Analysis 47: 42–44.Find this resource:

Hooker, Brad. 2000. Ideal Code, Real World. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Howson, Colin, and P. Urbach. 1989. Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach. La Salle, IL: Open Court.Find this resource:

Hubin, Donald. 2001. “The Groundless Normativity of Instrumental Rationality.” Journal of Philosophy 98: 445–68.Find this resource:

Hubin, Donald, and M. Lambeth. 1991. “Providing for Rights.” In Vallentyne 1991.Find this resource:

Hull, David. 1989. Science as a Process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

Hume, David. [1739] 1978. A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge and P. H. Nidditch. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

(p. 452) Hurd, Heidi. 1991. “Challenging Authority.” Yale Law Journal 100: 1611–1706.Find this resource:

Hurley, Susan. 2001. “Reason and Motivation: The Wrong Distinction?” Analysis 61: 151–55.Find this resource:

Irigaray, Luce. 1985a. Speculum of the Other Woman, trans. Gillian Gill. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Irigaray, Luce. 1985b. This Sex Which Is Not One. Trans. C. Porter with C. Burke. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Find this resource:

Jackson, Frank. 1984. “Weakness of Will.” Mind 93: 1–18.Find this resource:

Jaggar, Alison. 1996. “Love and Knowledge: Emotion in Feminist Epistemology.” In Women, Knowledge, and Reality, ed. A. Garry and M. Pearsall. New York: Routledge.Find this resource:

James, William. [1897] 1979. The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

James, William. 1884. “What Is an Emotion?” Mind 9: 188–205.Find this resource:

Jaynes, Edwin T. 1968. IEEE Trans. on Systems Science and Cybernetics. SSC-4, 227–41.Find this resource:

Jaynes, Edwin T. 1994. Probability Theory: The Logic of Science. On the Web at bayes.wustl.edu/etj/prob.html.

Jeffrey, Richard. 1965. The Logic of Decision. New York: McGraw-Hill.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard. 1974. “Preference among Preferences.” Journal of Philosophy 71: 377–91.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard. 1981. “The Logic of Decision Defended.” Synthese 48: 473–92.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard. 1983. The Logic of Decision. 2d ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard. 1985. “Animal Interpretation.” In Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson, ed. E. LePore. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Jeffrey, Richard. 1992. Probability and the Art of Judgment. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Johnson-Laird, P. N., and P. C. Wason. 1977. “A Theoretical Analysis of Insight into a Reasoning Task, and Postscript—1977.” In Thinking: Readings in Cognitive Science, ed. P. N. Johnson-Laird and P. C. Wason. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Johnston, Mark. 1988. “Self-Deception and the Nature of Mind.” In Perspectives on Self-Deception, ed. B. McLaughlin and A. Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Johnston, Mark. 1989. “Dispositional Theories of Value.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 63: 139–74.Find this resource:

Jones, Karen. 2002. “The Politics of Credibility.” In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, ed. L. Antony and C. Witt. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Joyce, James M. 1998. “A Nonpragmatic Vindication of Probabilism.” Philosophy of Science 65: 575–603.Find this resource:

Joyce, James M. 1999. The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Kahneman, Daniel, and A. Tversky 1973. “On the Psychology of Prediction.” Psychological Review 80: 237–51.Find this resource:

Kahneman, Daniel. 1979. “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk.” Econometrica 47: 263–91.Find this resource:

Kahneman, Daniel, P. Slovic, and A. Tversky. 1982. Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1781. Critique of Pure Reason [CPR], trans. and ed. Paul Guyer and Allen W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

(p. 453) Kant, Immanuel. 1784. An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment? [WE] In Kant's Practical Philosophy, trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1785. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals [G]. In Kant's Practical Philosophy, trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1786. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. London: Hutchinson and Company, 1948.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1788. Critique of Practical Reason [CPrR]. In Kant's Practical Philosophy, trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1790. Critique of the Power of Judgement [CJ], trans. Paul Guyer and Eric Matthews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1793. Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason [R], trans. George di Giovanni. In Religion and Rational Theology, ed. Allen W. Wood and George di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1795. Toward Perpetual Peace, [PP]. In Kant's Practical Philosophy, trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1797. The Metaphysics of Morals, [MM]. In Kant's Practical Philosophy, trans. Mary J. Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1798. The Conflict of the Faculties, [CF], trans. Mary J. Gregor and Robert Anchor. In Religion and Rational Theology, ed. Allen W. Wood and George di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Kant, Immanuel. 1981. Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Kaplan, Mark. 1996. Decision Theory as Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Kaplow, Louis, and S. Shavell. 2001. “Fairness versus Welfare.” Harvard Law Review 114: 961–1388.Find this resource:

Katz, Leonard, ed. 2000. Evolutionary Origins of Morality. Thorverton, UK: Imprint Academic. Original edition, Journal of Consciousness Studies 7.1–2: 2000.Find this resource:

Kavka, Gregory. 1978. “Some Paradoxes of Deterrence.” Journal of Philosophy 75: 285–302.Find this resource:

Keller, Evelyn Fox. 1985. Reflections on Gender and Science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Keller, Evelyn Fox, and H. E. Longino, eds. 1996. Feminism and Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Kennedy, Ralph, and C. Chihara. 1979. “The Dutch Book Argument: Its Logical Flaws, Its Subjective Sources.” Philosophical Studies 36: 19–33.Find this resource:

Kennett, Jeanette. 2000. Agency and Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Kenny, Anthony. 1963. Action, Emotion, and Will. New York: Humanities.Find this resource:

Kenny, Anthony. 1989. The Metaphysics of Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Kitcher, Philip. 1985. Vaulting Ambition. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Kitcher, Philip. 1993. The Advancement of Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Klayman, Joshua, and Y.-W. Ha. 1987. “Confirmation, Disconfirmation, and Information in Hypothesis Testing.” Psychological Review 94: 211–28.Find this resource:

Klein, Gary. 1998. Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Klein, Peter. 1995. “Skepticism and Closure: Why the Evil Demon Argument Fails.” Philosophical Topics 23: 213–36.Find this resource:

Kohlberg, Elon. 1990. “Refinement of Nash Equilibrium: The Main Ideas.” In T. Ichiishi, (p. 454) A. Neyman, and Y. Tauman, Game Theory and Applications. San Diego: Academic Press.Find this resource:

Kohlberg, Elon, and J. F. Mertens. 1986. “On the Strategic Stability ofEquilibria.” Econometrica 54: 1003–37.Find this resource:

Kohlberg, Lawrence. 1981. The Philosophy of Moral Development. San Francisco: Harper and Row.Find this resource:

Kolmogorov, A. N. 1933. Grundbegriffe der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. Berlin: Springer. English trans. ed. N. Morrison, New York: Chelsea Publishing Co., 1950. Foundations of the Theory of Probability (English title).Find this resource:

Korsgaard, Christine. 1986. “Skepticism about Practical Reason.” Journal of Philosophy 83: 5–25. Reprinted in Varieties of Practical Reasoning, ed. E. Millgram. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.Find this resource:

Korsgaard, Christine. 1989. “Personal Identity and the Unity of Agency: A Kantian Response to Parfit.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 18: 101–32.Find this resource:

Korsgaard, Christine. 1996a. Creating the Kingdom of Ends. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Korsgaard, Christine. 1996b. The Sources of Normativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Koza, John. 1992. Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection, Complex Adaptive Systems. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Kraft, C., J. Pratt, and A. Seidenberg, 1959. “Intuitive Probability on Finite Sets.” Annals of Mathematical Statistics 30: 408–19.Find this resource:

Kreps, David. 1990. Game Theory and Economic Modeling. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Kreps, David, and R. Wilson. 1982. “Sequential Equilibria.” Econometrica 50: 863–94.Find this resource:

Krugman, Paul. 1996. What Economists Can Learn from Evolutionary Theorists. On the Web at web.mit.edu/krugman/www/evolute.html.

Kugel, Peter. 1977. “Induction, Pure and Simple.” Information and Control 35: 276–336.Find this resource:

Kuhn, Thomas. 1970. Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

Kunda, Ziva. 1987. “Motivated Inference: Self-Serving Generation and Evaluation of Causal Theories.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 636–47.Find this resource:

Kunda, Ziva. 1990. “The Case for Motivated Reasoning.” Psychological Bulletin 108: 480–98.Find this resource:

Kunda, Ziva. 1999. Social Cognition. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Kydland, Finn, and E. Prescott. 1977. “Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans.” Journal of Political Economy 85: 473–90.Find this resource:

Lakatos, Imre. 1970. “Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs.” In Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, ed. I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Langton, Rae. 1993. “Beyond a Pragmatic Critique of Reason.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71: 364–84.Find this resource:

Latour, Bruno. 1987. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Lazar, Ariela. 1999. “Deceiving Oneself or Self-Deceived? On the Formation of Beliefs ‘Under the Influence.’ ” Mind 108: 265–90.Find this resource:

LeDoeuff, Michele. 1991. Hipparchia's Choice: An Essay Concerning Women, Philosophy, Etc. Trans. Trista Selous. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

LeDoux, Joseph. 1996. The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.Find this resource:

(p. 455) Lehrer, Keith. 1974. Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Leighton, Stephen. 1985. “Feelings and Emotion.” Review of Metaphysics 38: 303–21.Find this resource:

Lepore, Ernest, and K. Ludwig. 2003. Donald Davidson: Truth, Meaning, Language and Reality. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

LeVay, Simon. 1993. The Sexual Brain. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac. 1980. The Enterprise of Knowledge. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac. 1986. Hard Choices. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac. 1987. “The Demons of Decision Theory.” Monist 70: 193–211.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac. 1991. The Fixation of Belief and Its Undoing: Changing Beliefs through Inquiry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Levi, Isaac. 1997. The Covenant of Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Levine, David K. 1998. “Modeling Altruism and Spitefulness in Experiments.” Review of Economic Dynamics 1: 593–622.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1969. Convention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1970. “General Semantics.” In Philosophical Papers, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1980. “A Subjectivist's Guide to Objective Chance.” In Studies in Logic and Inductive Probability, ed. R. Jeffrey, vol. 2. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1983. “Survival and Identity.” In Philosophical Papers, vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1985. “Prisoners' Dilemma Is a Newcomb Problem.” In Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation, ed. R. Campbell and L. Sowder. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1988. “Desire as Belief.” Mind 97: 323–32.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1989. “Dispositional Theories of Value.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 63: 113–37.Find this resource:

Lewis, David. 1996. “Desire as Belief II.” Mind 105: 303–31.Find this resource:

Lewontin, Richard. 1978. “Adaptation.” Scientific American 239: 156–69.Find this resource:

Lichtenstein, S., B. Fischoff, and L. Phillips. 1982. “Calibration of Probabilities: The State of the Art to 1980.” In Kahneman, Slovic, and Tversky 1982.Find this resource:

Lipton, Peter. 1991. Inference to the Best Explanation. London: Routledge.Find this resource:

Lloyd, Genevieve. [1984] 1993. The Man of Reason. 2d ed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Find this resource:

Lloyd, Genevieve. [1993] 2002. “Maleness, Metaphor, and the ‘Crisis’ of Reason.” In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, ed. L. Antony and C. Witt. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Lloyd, Genevieve. 1998. “Rationality.” In A Companion to Feminist Philosophy, ed. A. J. and I. M. Young. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Locke, Don. 1974. “Reasons, Wants, and Causes.” American Philosophical Quarterly 11: 169–79.Find this resource:

Locke, John. [1690a] 1952. The Second Treatise of Government, ed. (with an introduction by) Thomas P. Peardon. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.Find this resource:

Locke, John. [1690b] 1987. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford: Clar- endon.Find this resource:

Luce, R. Duncan, and H. Raiffa. 1957. Games and Decisions: An Introduction and Critical Survey. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Find this resource:

(p. 456) Ludlow, Peter. 1998. “Simplicity and Generative Grammar.” In Philosophy and Linguistics, ed. R. Stainton and K. Murasugi. Boulder, CO: Westview.Find this resource:

Ludwig, Kirk. 1992. “Skepticism and Interpretation.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52: 317–39.Find this resource:

Ludwig, Kirk. 1999. “Meaning, Truth, and Interpretation.” In Donald Davidson: Truth, Meaning, and Knowledge, ed. U. Zeglen. New York: Routledge.Find this resource:

Ludwig, Kirk. 2002. “What Is the Role of a Truth Theory in a Meaning Theory?” In Meaning and Truth: Investigations in Philosophical Semantics, ed. D. Shier, J. K. Campbell, and M. O'Rourke. New York: Seven Bridges.Find this resource:

Lutz, Catherine. 1986. “The Domains of Emotion Words on Ifaluk.” In The Social Construction of the Emotions, ed. R. Harré. London: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Lyons, W. 1980. Emotion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Mach, Ernest. 1960. The Science of Mechanics. 6th ed. Chicago: Open Court.Find this resource:

Mackie, J. L. 1969–70. “The Possibility of Innate Knowledge.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 70.Find this resource:

Mackie, J. L. 1977. Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong. New York: Penguin.Find this resource:

MacKinnon, Catherine. 1982. “Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State: An Agenda for Theory.” Signs 7: 515–44.Find this resource:

MacKinnon, Catherine. 1987. Feminism Unmodified. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

MacKinnon, Catherine. 1989. Towards a Feminist Theory of the State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Maher, Patrick. 1993. Betting on Theories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Maher, Patrick. 1997. “Depragmatized Dutch Book Arguments.” Philosophy of Science 64: 291–305.Find this resource:

Maher, Patrick. 2002. “Joyce's Argument for Probabilism.” Philosophy of Science 69: 73–81.Find this resource:

Mailath, George. 1992. “Introduction: Symposium on Evolutionary Game Theory.” Journal of Economic Theory 57: 259–77.Find this resource:

Makinson, David. 1965. “The Paradox of the Preface.” Analysis 25: 205–7.Find this resource:

Malcolm, Norman. 1991. “Thoughtless Brutes.” In The Nature of Mind, ed. D. Rosenthal. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Manktelow, Ken, and D. Over. 1995. “Deontic Reasoning.” In Perspectives on Thinking and Reasoning, ed. S. Newstead and J. St. B. Evans. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Find this resource:

Marks, Joel. 1982. “A Theory of Emotions.” Philosophical Studies, 42: 227–42.Find this resource:

Masham, Lady Damaris. 1705. Occasional Thoughts in Reference to a Vertous or Christian Life. London: A. and J. Churchill.Find this resource:

Maynard Smith, John. 1982. Evolution and the Theory of Games. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Maynard Smith, John, and G. R. Parker. 1976. “The Logic of Asymmetric Contests.” Animal Behaviour 24: 159–75.Find this resource:

Maynard Smith, John, and G. R. Price. 1973. “The Logic of Animal Conflict.” Nature 146: 15–18.Find this resource:

Mayo, Deborah. 1996. Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward. 1985. “Prisoner's Dilemma and Resolute Choice.” In Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation, ed. R. Campbell and L. Sowden. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Find this resource:

(p. 457) McClennen, Edward. 1988a. “Dynamic Choice and Rationality.” In Risk, Decision, and Rationality: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Foundations and Applications of Utility, Risk, and Decision Theory, ed. B. R. Munier. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward. 1988b. “Constrained Maximization and Resolute Choice.” Social Philosophy and Policy 5: 95–118.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward. 1990. Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward. 1997. “Pragmatic Rationality and Rules.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 26: 210–58.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward. 1998. “Rationality and Rules.” In Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution, ed. P. Danielson. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward., and L. DeHelian. 1993. “Planning and the Stability of Intention: A Comment.” Minds and Machines 3: 319–34.Find this resource:

McClennen, Edward, and S. Shapiro. 1998. “Rule-Guided Behaviour.” In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law, ed. P. Newman. London: Macmillan.Find this resource:

McDowell, John. 1978. “Are Moral Requirements Hypothetical Imperatives?” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 52: 13–29.Find this resource:

McDowell, John. 1995. “Might There Be External Reasons?” In World, Mind, and Ethics, ed. J.E.J. Altham and Ross Harrison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

McDowell, John. 1996. “Deliberation and Moral Development.” In Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics, ed. S. Engstrom and J. Whiting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

McDowell, John. 1999. “Reductionism and the First Person.” In Reading Parfit, ed. J. Dancy. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

McGee, Vann. 1994. “Learning the Impossible.” In Probability and Conditionals, ed. E. Eells and B. Skyrms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

McIntyre, Alison. 1990. “Is Akratic Action Always Irrational?” In Identity, Character, and Morality, ed. O. Flanagan and A. Rorty. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

McLaughlin, Brian. 1988. “Exploring the Possibility of Self-Deception in Belief.” In Perspectives on Self-Deception, ed. B. McLaughlin and A. Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

McMillan, Carol. 1982. Women, Reason, and Nature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

McNaughton, David. 1988. Moral Vision. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Mead, George H. 1913. “The Social Self.” Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods 10: 374–80.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1987. Irrationality. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1988. “Effective Reasons and Intrinsically Motivated Actions.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48: 723–31.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1992. Springs of Action. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1995. Autonomous Agents. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1996. “Socratic Akratic Action.” Philosophical Papers 25: 149–59.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1998. “Practical Irrationality: Two Kinds of Akratic Action.” Cadernos de filosofia 4: 9–37.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 1999. “Twisted Self-Deception.” Philosophical Psychology 12: 117–37.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 2001. Self-Deception Unmasked. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 2002. “Akratics and Addicts.” American Philosophical Quarterly 39: 153–67.Find this resource:

(p. 458) Mele, Alfred. 2003a. Motivation and Agency. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Mele, Alfred. 2003b. “Philosophy of Action.” In Donald Davidson, ed. K. Ludwig. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Metcalfe, Janet, and W. Mischel. 1999. “A Hot/Cool-System Analysis of Delay of Gratification: Dynamics of Willpower.” Psychological Review 106: 3–19.Find this resource:

Mill, John Stuart. 1869. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation. 7th ed. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer.Find this resource:

Mill, John Stuart. 1962. “Utilitarianism.” In Utilitarianism and Other Works, ed. M. Warnock. London: Fontana.Find this resource:

Millgram, Elijah. 1995. “Was Hume a Humean?” Hume Studies 21: 75–93.Find this resource:

Minsky, Marvin. 2001. The Emotion Machine. On the Web at www.media.mit.edu/people/minsky.

Mischel, Walter, Y. Shoda, and M. Rodriguez. 1989. “Delay of Gratification in Children.” Science 244: 933–38.Find this resource:

Mitchell, Tom. 1997. Machine Learning. New York: McGraw-Hill.Find this resource:

Monbiot, George. 1994. “The Tragedy of Enclosure.” Scientific American 270: 159.Find this resource:

Mongin, Philippe. 2000. “Does Optimization Imply Rationality?” Synthese 124: 73–111.Find this resource:

Moore, G. E. 1903. Principia Ethica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Moore, Michael. 1989. “Authority, Law, and Razian Reasons.” Southern California Law Review 62: 827–96.Find this resource:

Moser, Paul. 1993. Knowledge and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Moulin, Herve. 1986. Game Theory for the Social Sciences. 2d ed. New York: New York University Press.Find this resource:

Mulholland, Leslie. 1990. Kant's System of Rights. New York: Columbia University Press.Find this resource:

Murphy, A. 1973. “A New Vector Partition of the Probability Score.” Journal of Applied Meteorology 12: 595–600.Find this resource:

Myerson, Roger. 1978. “Refinements of the Nash Equilibrium Concept.” International Journal of Game Theory 7: 73–80.Find this resource:

Nagel, Thomas. 1970. The Possibility of Altruism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Nash, John. 1951. “Noncooperative Games.” Annals of Mathematics 54: 289–95.Find this resource:

Neiman, Susan. 1994. The Unity of Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Nelson, Lynn Hankinson. 1990. Who Knows. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Find this resource:

Neu, Jerome. 1977. Emotion, Thought, and Therapy. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Nisbett, Richard, and E. Borgida. 1975. “Attribution and the Social Psychology of Prediction.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32: 932–43.Find this resource:

Nisbett, Richard, and L. Ross. 1980. Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Nisbett, Richard, ed. 1993. Rules for Reasoning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.Find this resource:

North, Douglass. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Nozick, Robert. 1970. “Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice.” In Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel, ed. N. Rescher. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Nozick, Robert. 1974. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic.Find this resource:

(p. 459) Nozick, Robert. 1981. Philosophical Explanations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Nussbaum, Martha. 1993. The Therapy of Desire. New York: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Nussbaum, Martha. 2001. Upheavals of Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

O'Neill, Onora. 1989. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

O'Neill, Onora. 1992. “Vindicating Reason.” In A Cambridge Companion to Kant, ed. P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

O'Neill, Onora. 1996. “Kant's Virtues.” In How Should One Live? Essays on the Virtues, ed. R. Crisp. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

O'Neill, Onora. 2002a. “Instituting Principles: Between Duty and Action.” In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays, ed. M. Timmons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

O'Neill, Onora. 2002b. Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Oaksford, Mike, and N. Chater. 1994. “A Rational Analysis of the Selection Task as Optimal Data Selection.” Psychological Review 101: 608–31.Find this resource:

Olson, Eric. 1997. The Human Animal: Personal Identity without Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Osherson, Daniel. 1995. “Probability Judgment.” In An Invitation to Cognitive Science, ed. E. Smith and D. Osherson. Vol. 3, Thinking. 2d ed. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Owen, David. 2000. Hume's Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Parfit, Derek. 1984. Reasons and Persons. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Parfit, Derek. 1997. “Reasons and Motivation.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 71: 99–130.Find this resource:

Pearce, David. 1984. “Rationalizable Strategic Behavior and the Problem of Perfection.” Econometrica 52: 1029–50.Find this resource:

Pearl, Judea. 1988. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufman.Find this resource:

Pears, David. 1984. Motivated Irrationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Pears, David. 1991. “Self-Deceptive Belief-Formation.” Synthese 89: 393–405.Find this resource:

Peirce, Charles. 1931–58. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, ed. C. Hartshorne, P. Weiss, and A. Burks. 8 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Perner, J., S. R. Leekam, and H. Wimmer. 1987. “Three-year-olds' Difficulty with False Belief: The Case for Conceptual Deficit.” British Journal of Developmental Psychology 5: 125–37.Find this resource:

Pettit, Philip, and M. Smith. 1990: “Backgrounding Desire.” Philosophical Review 99: 565–92.Find this resource:

Pettit. 1993. “Practical Unreason.” Mind 100: 343–59.Find this resource:

Pettit, Philip, and R. Sugden. 1989. “The Backward Induction Paradox.” Journal of Philosophy 4: 1–14.Find this resource:

Pfeifer, Rolf, and C. Scheier. 1999. Understanding Intelligence. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Piattelli-Palmarini, Massimo. 1994. Inevitable Illusions: How Mistakes of Reason Rule Our Minds. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Find this resource:

Pindyck, Robert, and D. Rubinfeld. 1989. Microeconomics. New York: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Pitcher, George. 1965. “Emotion.” Mind 74: 326–45.Find this resource:

Plantinga, Alvin. 1993a. Warrant and Proper Function. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Plantinga, Alvin. 1993b. Warrant: The Current Debate. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

(p. 460) Plato. 1953. “Protagoras.” In The Dialogues of Plato. Trans. B. Jowett. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Pollock, John. 1979. “A Plethora of Epistemological Theories.” In Justification and Knowledge, ed. G. Pappas. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Pollock, John. 1983. “How Do You Maximize Expectation Value?” No;afus 17: 409–21.Find this resource:

Popper, Karl. 1959. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson.Find this resource:

Posner, Richard. 1979. “Utilitarianism, Economics, and Legal Theory.” Journal of Legal Studies 8: 103–40.Find this resource:

Posner, Richard. 1980. “The Value of Wealth: A Comment on Dworkin and Kronman.” Journal of Legal Studies 9: 243–53.Find this resource:

Posner, Richard. 1995. Overcoming Law. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Poundstone, William. 1992. Prisoner's Dilemma. New York: Doubleday.Find this resource:

Prichard, Harold. 1932. “Duty and Ignorance of Fact.” Annual philosophical lecture, Henriette Hertz Trust, British Academy. Reprinted in Moral Obligation. Oxford: Clarendon, 1949.Find this resource:

Psillos, Stathis. 1999. Scientific Realism: How Science Tracks the Truth. London: Routledge.Find this resource:

Pugmire, David. 1982. “Motivated Irrationality.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56: 179–96.Find this resource:

Pugmire, David. 1994. “Perverse Preference: Self-Beguilement or Self-Division.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24: 73–94.Find this resource:

Pugmire, David. 1998. Rediscovering Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Find this resource:

Putnam, Hilary. 1963. “ ‘Degree of Confirmation’ and Inductive Logic.” In The Philosophy of Rudolph Carnap, ed. A. Schillp. LaSalle, IL: Open Court.Find this resource:

Quattrone, George, and A. Tversky. 1984. “Causal versus Diagnostic Contingencies: On Self-Deception and on the Voter's Illusion.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46: 237–48.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. O. 1960a. Word and Object. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. O. 1960b. “Carnap and Logical Truth.” Synthese 12: 350–74.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. O. 1969. Natural Kinds. In Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. New York: Columbia University Press.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. O. 1987. Quiddities. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Quine, W. V. O., and J. S. Ullian. 1970. The Web of Belief. New York: Random House.Find this resource:

Quinn, Warren. 1993. Morality and Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Rachlin, Howard. 2000. The Science of Self-Control. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Radford, Colin. 1975. “How Can We Be Moved by the Fate of Anna Karenina.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 39: 67–80.Find this resource:

Raiffa, Howard. 1968. Decision Analysis: Introductory Lectures on Choices under Uncertainty. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Find this resource:

Railton, Peter. 1997. “On the Hypothetical and Non-hypothetical in Reasoning about Belief and Action.” In Cullity and Gaut 1997.Find this resource:

Ramsey, Frank. 1931. “Truth and Probability.” In The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays, ed. R. Braithwaite. London: Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Rawling, Piers. 2003. “Decision Theory and Degree of Belief.” In The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Social Science, ed. P. Roth and S. Turner. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Rawls, John. 1951. “Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.” Philosophical Review 60: 177–97.Find this resource:

(p. 461) Rawls, John. 1955. “Two Concepts of Rules.” Philosophical Review 64: 3–32.Find this resource:

Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Raz, Joseph. 1979. The Authority of Law. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Raz, Joseph. 1986. The Morality of Freedom. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Raz, Joseph. 1989. “Facing Up: A Reply.” Southern California University Law Review 62: 1153–1235.Find this resource:

Raz, Joseph. 1990. Practical Reason and Norms. 2d ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Read, Stephen, and A. Marcus-Newhall. 1993. “The Role of Explanatory Coherence in the Construction of Social Explanations.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65: 429–47.Find this resource:

Regan, Donald. 2002. “The Value of Rational Nature.” Ethics 112: 267–91.Find this resource:

Reny, Philip. 1992. “Rationality in Extensive Form Games.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 6: 92–100.Find this resource:

Resnik, Michael. 1987. Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Find this resource:

Richards, Janet. 1980. The Skeptical Feminist. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Roberts, Robert. 1988. “What an Emotion Is: A Sketch.” Philosophical Review 79: 183–209.Find this resource:

Robinson, Jenefer. 1995. “Startle.” Journal of Philosophy 92: 53–74.Find this resource:

Rochet, J. C. 1980. “Selection of a Unique Equilibrium Payoff for Extensive Games with Perfect Information.” Mimeo., Université de Paris IX.Find this resource:

Rorty, Amelie. 1972. “Belief and Self-Deception.” Inquiry 15: 387–410.Find this resource:

Rorty, Amelie. 1980a. “Akrasia and Conflict.” Inquiry 22: 193–212.Find this resource:

Rorty, Amelie. 1980b. “Where Does the Akratic Break Take Place?” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58: 333–46.Find this resource:

Rorty, Amelie. 1980c. “Introduction.” In Explaining Emotions, ed. A. Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press.Find this resource:

Rorty, Amelie. 1983. “Akratic Believers.” American Philosophical Quarterly 20: 175–83.Find this resource:

Rosenkrantz, Roger. 1981. Foundations and Applications of Inductive Probability. Atascadero, CA: Ridgeview.Find this resource:

Ross, Don. 2002. “Dennettian Behavioral Explanations and the Roles of the Social Sciences.” In Daniel Dennett, ed. D. Ross and A. Brook. London: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Ross, Don, and C. LaCasse. 1995. “Towards a New Philosophy of Positive Economics.” Dialogue 34: 467–93.Find this resource:

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 1968. The Social Contract. New York: Penguin.Find this resource:

Rovane, Carol. 1998. The Bounds of Agency. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Rubinstein, Ariel. 1998. Modeling Bounded Rationality. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Ruddick, Sara. 1980. “Maternal Thinking.” Feminist Studies 6: 342–67.Find this resource:

Russell, Bertrand. [1918] 1985. The Philosophy of Logical Atomism. La Salle, IL: Open Court.Find this resource:

Russell, Bertrand. [1922] 1961. Introduction to Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, by L. Wittgenstein. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Russell, Stuart, and P. Norvig. 1995. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach. Prentice Hall Series in Artificial Intelligence. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Ryle, Gilbert. 1949. The Concept of Mind. London: Hutchinson.Find this resource:

(p. 462) Sackeim, Harold. 1988. “Self-Deception: A Synthesis.” In Self-Deception: An Adaptive Mechanism?, ed. J. Lockard and D. Paulhus. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Sackeim, Harold, and R. Gur. 1985. “Voice Recognition and the Ontological Status of Self-Deception.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48: 1365–68.Find this resource:

Salmon, Wesley. 1984. Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Samet, Dov. 1996. “Hypothetical Knowledge and Games with Perfect Information.” Games and Economic Behavior 17: 230–51.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard. 1998. “Evolutionary Psychology and the Massive Modularity Hypothesis.” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49: 575–602.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard. 2000. “Massively Modular Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and Cognitive Architecture.” In Evolution and the Human Mind, ed. P. Carruthers and A. Chamberlain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard, and S. Stich. 2002. “Rationality.” In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard, S. Stich, and M. Bishop. 2002. “Ending the Rationality Wars: How to Make Disputes about Human Rationality Disappear.” In Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality, ed. R. Elio. Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science 11. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard, S. Stich, and L. Faucher. 2002. “Reasoning and Rationality.” In Handbook of Epistemology, ed. I. Niiniluoto, M. Sintonen, and J. Wolenski. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Samuels, Richard, S. Stich, and P. Tremoulet. 1999. “Rethinking Rationality: From Bleak Implications to Darwinian Modules.” In What Is Cognitive Science?, ed. E. Lepore and Z. Pylyshyn. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Samuelson, Larry. 1997. Evolutionary Games and Equilibrium Selection. Series on Economic Learning and Social Evolution. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Santas, Gerasimos. 1966. “Plato's Protagoras and Explanations of Weakness.” Philosophical Review 75: 3–33.Find this resource:

Sartre, Jean-Paul. 1962. Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. New York: Methuen.Find this resource:

Savage, Leonard. [1954] 1972. The Foundations of Statistics. 2d ed. New York: Dover.Find this resource:

Savage, Leonard. 1971. “Elicitation of Personal Probabilities.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 66: 783–801.Find this resource:

Sayre-McCord, Geoffrey. 1997. “The Meta-ethical Problem: A Discussion of Michael Smith's The Moral Problem.Ethics 108: 55–83.Find this resource:

Scanlon, T. M. 1998. What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Scanlon, T. M. 2002. “Reasons and Passions.” In The Contours of Agency, ed. S. Buss and L. Overton. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Schauer, Frederick. 1991. Playing by the Rules. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Schelling, Thomas. 1960. The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Schelling, Thomas. 1984a. “Ethics, Law, and the Exercise of Self-Command.” In Choice and Consequence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Schelling, Thomas. 1984b. “The Intimate Contest for Self-Command.” In Choice and Consequence. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Schelling, Thomas. 1985. “Enforcing Rules on Oneself.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 1: 357–74.Find this resource:

Scheman, Naomi. 1980. “Anger and the Politics of Naming.” In Women and Language in (p. 463) Literature and Society, ed. S. McConnell-Ginet, R. Borker and N. Furman. New York: Praeger.Find this resource:

Schiffer, Stephen. 1976. “A Paradox of Desire.” American Philosophical Quarterly 13: 195–203.Find this resource:

Schmitt, Frederick, ed. 1994. Socializing Epistemology: The Social Dimensions of Knowledge. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Find this resource:

Scott, Dana. 1964. “Measurement Structures and Linear Inequalities.” Journal of Mathematical Psychology 1: 233–47.Find this resource:

Scott-Kakures, Dion. 1997. “Self-Knowledge, Akrasia, and Self-Criticism.” Philosophia 25: 267–95.Find this resource:

Searle, John. 1983. Intentionality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Seidenfeld, Teddy. 1985. “Calibration, Coherence, and Scoring Rules.” Philosophy of Science 52: 274–94.Find this resource:

Seidenfeld, Teddy, and M. Schervish. 1983. “A Conflict between Finite Additivity and Avoiding Dutch Book.” Philosophy of Science 50: 398–412.Find this resource:

Selten, Reinhard. 1965. “Spieltheorethische behandlung eines oligopolmodels mit nachfragetragheit.” Zietschrift fur die gesante Staatwissenschaft 121: 301–24.Find this resource:

Selten, Reinhard. 1975. “Re-examination of the Perfectness Concept for Equilibrium Points in Extensive Games.” International Journal of Game Theory 4: 22–55.Find this resource:

Selten, Reinhard, and U. Leopold. 1982. “Subjunctive Conditionals in Decision and Game Theory.” In Philosophy of Economics, ed. W. Stegmuller, W. Balzer, and W. Spohn. Berlin: Springer.Find this resource:

Sen, Amartya. 1977. “Rational Fools.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6: 317–44.Find this resource:

Sen, Amartya. 1987. “Rational Behavior.” In J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman, eds. The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, vol. 4. London: Macmillan.Find this resource:

Sen, Amartya. 1997. “Maximization and the Act of Choice.” Econometrica 65: 745–79.Find this resource:

Sethi, Rajiv, and E. Somanathan. 2001. “Preference Evolution and Reciprocity.” Journal of Economic Theory 97: 273–97.Find this resource:

Shafir, Eldar, and A. Tversky. 1995. “Decision Making.” In An Invitation to Cognitive Science, ed. E. Smith and D. Osherson. Vol. 3, Thinking. 2d ed. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Shapiro, Scott. 1996. Rules and Practical Reasoning. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University.Find this resource:

Sharpsteen, Donald, and L. Kirkpatrick. 1997. “Romantic Jealousy and Adult Romantic Attachment.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72: 627–40.Find this resource:

Sharvey, Richard. 1983. “The Bottle Imp.” Philosophia 12: 401.Find this resource:

Sherman, Nancy. 1990. “The Place of Emotions in Kantian Morality.” In Identity, Character, and Morality, ed. O. Flanagan and A. Rorty. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Shimony, Abner. 1988. “An Adamite Derivation of the Calculus of Probability.” In Probability and Causality, ed. J. H. Fetzer. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

Shoemaker, Sydney. 1984. In Personal Identity, ed. S. Shoemaker and R. Swinburne. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Sidgwick, Henry. [1907] 1981. The Methods of Ethics. 7th ed. Reprint. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Siegel, Neil. 1999. “On Hart's Way Out: Sen and the Art of Jurisprudence.” California Law Review 87: 1581.Find this resource:

Simon, Herbert. 1957. Models of Man. New York: Wiley.Find this resource:

Simon, Herbert. 1982. Models of Bounded Rationality, vol. 2, Behavioral Economics and Business Organization. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

(p. 464) Simon, Herbert. 1983. Reason in Human Affairs. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 1984a. Pragmatics and Empiricism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 1984b. “A Mistake in Dynamic Coherence Arguments—Discussion.” Philosophy of Science 60: 320–28.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 1990. The Dynamics of Rational Deliberation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 1996. Evolution of the Social Contract. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 1998. “Subjunctive Conditionals and Revealed Preference.” Philosophy of Science 65: 545–74.Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. 2000. “Game Theory, Rationality, and Evolution of the Social Contract.” In Evolutionary Origins of Morality, ed. L. D. Katz. Thorverton, UK: Imprint Academic. Original edition, Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (2000).Find this resource:

Skyrms, Brian. Forthcoming. “The Stag Hunt.” American Philosophical Association Pacific Division Presidential Address, 2001. To be published in the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Association.Find this resource:

Sloman, Steven. 1996. “The Empirical Case for Two Systems of Reasoning.” Psychological Bulletin 119: 3–22.Find this resource:

Slote, Michael. 1989. Beyond Optimizing. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Slovic, Paul, B. Fischhoff, and S. Lichtenstein. 1976. “Cognitive Processes and Societal Risk Taking.” In Cognition and Social Behavior, ed. J. S. Carol and J. W. Payne. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Find this resource:

Smith, Adam. [1776] 1976. The Wealth of Nations. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1987. “The Humean Theory of Motivation.” Mind 96: 36–61.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1988. “On Humeans, Anti-Humeans, and Motivation: A Reply to Pettit.” Mind 97: 589–95.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1989. “Dispositional Theories of Value.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 63: 89–111.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1992. “Valuing: Desiring or Believing?” In Reduction, Explanation, and Realism, ed. D. Charles and K. Lennon. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1994. The Moral Problem. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 1997. “In Defence of The Moral Problem: A Reply to Brink, Copp, and Sayre-McCord.” Ethics 108: 84–119.Find this resource:

Smith, Michael. 2001. “The Incoherence Argument: Reply to Shafer-Landau.” Analysis 61: 254–66.Find this resource:

Snare, Francis. 1991. Morals, Motivation, and Convention: Hume's Influential Doctrines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Sober, Elliott. 1975. Simplicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Sober, Elliott. 1984. The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Sober, Elliott. 1988. Reconstructing the Past. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Sober, Elliott. 1990. “Let's Razor Occam's Razor.” In Explanation and Its Limits, ed. D. Knowles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Sober, Elliott. 1998. “Three Differences between Deliberation and Evolution.” In Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution, ed. P. Danielson. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Solomon, Miriam. 2001. Social Empiricism. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Solomon, Robert. 1973. “Emotions and Choice.” Review of Metaphysics 27: 20–41.Find this resource:

(p. 465) Solomon, Robert. 1976. The Passions. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Find this resource:

Solomonoff, Ray. 1964. “A Formal Theory of Inductive Inference.” Information and Control 7: 1–22, 224–54.Find this resource:

Sorabji, Richard. 1996. “Rationality.” In Rationality in Greek Thought, ed. M. Frede and G. Striker. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Sorensen, Roy. 1988. Blindspots. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Sorensen, Roy. 1998. “Rewarding Regret.” Ethics 108: 528–37.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. 1991. Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Sosa, Ernest. 1999. “Are Humans Rational?” In Cognition, Agency and Rationality, vol. 79, ed. K. Korta, E. Sosa, and X. Arrazola. Boston: Kluwer.Find this resource:

Spencer, Herbert. 1884. Data of Ethics. London: Edinburgh.Find this resource:

Sperber, Dan, F. Cara, and V. Girotto. 1995. “Relevance Theory Explains the Selection Task.” Cognition 57: 3–39.Find this resource:

Spohn, Wolfgang. 1986. “The Representation of Popper Measures.” Topoi 5: 69–74.Find this resource:

Stahl, Dale. 1995. “Lexicographic Rationalizability and Iterated Admissibility.” Economic Letters 47: 155–59.Find this resource:

Stalker, Douglas. 1994. Grue: The New Riddle of Induction. Peru, IL: Open Court.Find this resource:

Stalnaker, Robert. 1994. “On the Evaluation of Solution Concepts.” Theory and Decision 37: 49–73.Find this resource:

Stalnaker, Robert. 2000. “Knowledge, Belief, and Counterfactual Reasoning in Games.” In The Logic of Strategy, ed. C. Bicchieri, R. Jeffrey, and B. Skyrms. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Stanovich, Keith. 1999. Who Is Rational? Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Find this resource:

Starck, Taylor. 1911. “The Bottle Imp.” Modern Language Notes 26: 94.Find this resource:

Stein, Edward. 1996. Without Good Reason. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

Stevenson, Robert Louis. 1891. “The Bottle Imp.” In The Complete Short Stories of Robert Louis Stevenson, ed. C. Nedider. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1969.Find this resource:

Stich, Stephen. 1979. “Do Animals Have Beliefs?” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57: 15–28.Find this resource:

Stich, Stephen. 1983. From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case against Belief. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Stich, Stephen. 1990. The Fragmentation of Reason: Preface to a Pragmatic Theory of Cognitive Evaluation. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Stocker, Michael. 1979. “Desiring the Bad.” Journal of Philosophy 76: 738–53.Find this resource:

Stocker, Michael. 1987. “Emotional Thoughts.” American Philosophical Quarterly 24: 59–69.Find this resource:

Stocker, Michael. 1996. Valuing Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Strawson, Peter. 1952. An Introduction to Logical Theory. London: Methuen.Find this resource:

Strotz, Robert. 1955. “Myopia and Inconsistency in Dynamic Utility Maximization.” Review of Economic Studies 23: 165–80.Find this resource:

Stroud, Barry. 1977. Hume. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Find this resource:

Sturr, Christopher. 1998. Ideology, Discursive Norms, and Rationality. Ph.D. diss., Cornell University.Find this resource:

Suppes, Patrick. 1966. “A Bayesian Approach to the Paradox of the Ravens.” In Aspects of Inductive Logic, ed. J. Hintikka and P. Suppes. Amsterdam: North Holland.Find this resource:

Suppes, Patrick. 1984. Probabilistic Metaphysics. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Sutherland, Stuart. 1994. Irrationality: Why We Don't Think Straight! New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Find this resource:

(p. 466) Swanton, Christine. 1992. Freedom: A Coherence Theory. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Swinburne 1984. (TK)Find this resource:

Szasz, Thomas. 1961: The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct. New York: Hoeber-Harper.Find this resource:

Talbott, William. 1995. “Intentional Self-Deception in a Single, Coherent Self.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55: 27–74.Find this resource:

Tarski, Alfred. 1983. “The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages.” In Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics. 2d ed. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.Find this resource:

Taylor, Peter, and L. B. Jonker. 1978. “Evolutionary Stable Strategies and Game Dynamics.” Mathematical Biosciences 40: 145–56.Find this resource:

Teller, Paul. 1973. “Conditionalization and Observation.” Synthese 26: 218–58.Find this resource:

Temkin, Larry. 1996. “A Continuum Argument for Intransitivity.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 25: 175–210.Find this resource:

Tenenbaum, Sergio. 1999. “The Judgment of a Weak Will.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59: 875–11.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 1988. Computational Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 1991. “The Dinosaur Debate: Explanatory Coherence and the Problem of Competing Hypotheses.” In Philosophy and AI: Essays at the Interface, ed. J. Pollock and R. Cummins. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 1992. Conceptual Revolutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 1999. How Scientists Explain Disease. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 2000. Coherence in Thought and Action. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 2001. “How to Make Decisions: Coherence, Emotion, and Practical Inference.” In Varieties of Practical Inference, ed. E. Millgram. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 2002a. “Curing Cancer? Patrick Lee's Path to the Reovirus Treatment.” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16: 179–93.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul. 2002b. “The Passionate Scientist: Emotion in Scientific Cognition.” In The Cognitive Basis of Science, ed. P. Carruthers, S. Stich, and M. Siegal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Thagard, Paul, and C. P. Shelley. 2001. “Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference.” In The Analogical Mind: Perspectives from Cognitive Science, ed. D. Gentner, K. H. Holyoak, and B. K. Kokinov. Cambridge: MIT Press.Find this resource:

Thalberg, Irving. 1985. “Questions about Motivational Strength.” In Actions and Events, ed. E. LePore and B. McLaughlin. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Thomas, Laurence. 1988. “Rationality and Affectivity.” Social Philosophy and Policy 5: 154–72.Find this resource:

Thomson, Judith. 1997. “The Right and the Good.” Journal of Philosophy 9: 273–98.Find this resource:

Timmerman, Jens. 2000. “Kant's Puzzling Ethic of Maxims.” Harvard Review of Philosophy 8: 39–52.Find this resource:

Timmons, Mark, ed. 2002. Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Tooby, John, and L. Cosmides. 1995. Foreword to Baron-Cohen 1995.Find this resource:

Trivers, Robert. 1971. “The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism.” Quarterly Review of Biology 46: 35–56.Find this resource:

Trivers, Robert. 1972. “Parental Investment and Sexual Selection.” In Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, ed. B. Campbell. Chicago: Aldine.Find this resource:

Trope, Yaacov, B. Gervey, and N. Liberman. 1997. “Wishful Thinking from a Pragmatic (p. 467) Hypothesis-Testing Perspective.” In The Mythomanias: The Nature of Deception and Self-Deception, ed. M. Myslobodsky. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Find this resource:

Trope, Yaacov, and A. Liberman. 1996. “Social Hypothesis Testing: Cognitive and Motivational Mechanisms.” In Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles, ed. E. Higgins and A. Kruglanski. New York: Guilford.Find this resource:

Turney, Peter. 1988. Inductive Inference and Stability. Ph.D. diss., University of Toronto.Find this resource:

Tversky, Amos, and D. Kahneman. 1981. “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.” Science 211: 453–58.Find this resource:

Tversky, Amos. 1982. “Judgments of and by Representativeness.” In Kahneman, Slovic, and Tversky 1982.Find this resource:

Tversky, Amos. 1983. “Extentional versus Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment.” Psychological Review 90: 293–315.Find this resource:

Tversky, Amos, and D. J. Koehler. 1994. “Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probability.” Psychological Review 101: 547–67.Find this resource:

Valiant, L. G. 1979. “The Complexity of Enumeration and Reliability Problems.” SIAM Journal of Computing 8: 410–21.Find this resource:

Vallentyne, Peter, ed. 1991. Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals By Agreement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Vallentyne, Peter, and S. Kagan. 1997. “Infinite Value and Finitely Additive Value Theory.” Journal of Philosophy 94: 5–26.Find this resource:

van Damme, Eric. 1987. Stability and Perfection of Nash Equilibria. Berlin: Springer.Find this resource:

van Fraassen, Bas. 1980. The Scientific Image. Oxford: Clarendon.Find this resource:

van Fraassen. 1983. “Calibration: A Frequency Justification for Personal Probability.” In Physics Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, ed. R. Cohen and L. Laudan. Dordrecht: Reidel.Find this resource:

R. Cohen. 1984. “Belief and the Will.” Journal of Philosophy 81: 235–56.Find this resource:

R. Cohen. 1995. “Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability, and the Logic of Belief.” Journal of Philosophical Logic 24: 349–77.Find this resource:

Varian, Hal. 1984. Microeconomic Analysis. 2d ed. New York: Norton.Find this resource:

Varner, Gary. 1998. In Nature's Interests? Interests, Animal Rights, and Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Velleman, J. David. 2000. The Possibility of Practical Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

von Neumann, John. 1928. “Zur theorie der gesellschaftspiele.” Mathematische Annalen 100: 295–320.Find this resource:

von Neumann, John, and O. Morgenstern. 1944. Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

von Neumann, John. 1953. Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. 2d ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Find this resource:

Walton, Kendall. 1980. Mimesis as Make-Believe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Wasserstrom, R. 1961. The Judicial Decision: Toward a Theory of Legal Justification. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Find this resource:

Watson, Gary. 1977. “Skepticism about Weakness of Will.” Philosophical Review 86: 316–39.Find this resource:

Weibull, Jorgen. 1998. “What Have We Learned from Evolutionary Game Theory So Far?” Research Institute of Industrial Economics IUI Working Paper Series.Find this resource:

(p. 468) Weirich, Paul. 1998. Equilibrium and Rationality: Game Theory Revised by Decision Rules. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Weirich, Paul. 2001. Decision Space: Multidimensional Utility Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Weirich, Paul. Forthcoming. Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Whitford, Margaret. 1988. “Luce Irigaray's Critique of Rationality.” In Feminist Perspectives in Philosophy, ed. M. Griffiths and M. Whitford. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Find this resource:

Wiggins, David. 1975. Sameness and Substance. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Wiggins, David. 1987. “Deliberation and Practical Reason.” In D. Wiggins, Needs Values and Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Values. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Wilkes, Kathleen. 1988. Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments. New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1980. “Internal and External Reasons.” In Rational Action, ed. R. Harrison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1981. “Internal and External Reasons.” In Moral Luck. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1985. Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. London: Fontana.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1995a. “Internal Reasons and the Obscurity of Blame.” In Making Sense of Humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1995b. “Replies.” In World, Mind, and Ethics, ed. J.E.J. Altham and R. Harrison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Williams, Bernard. 1995c. “Truth in Ethics.” In Truth in Ethics, ed. B. Hooker. Oxford: Blackwell.Find this resource:

Williamson, Timothy. 2000. Knowledge and Its Limits. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Wilson, Edward O. 1978. On Human Nature. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Find this resource:

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1953. Philosophical Investigations. New York: MacMillan.Find this resource:

Wolff, Robert. 1968. In Defense of Anarchy. New York: Harper & Row.Find this resource:

Wollheim, Richard. 1991. On the Emotions. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Wollstonecraft, Mary. [1792] 1997. The Vindications: A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Ontario: Broadview.Find this resource:

Wood, Allen. 1999. Kant's Ethical Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Wood, Allen, and O. O'Neill. 1998. “Symposium on ‘Kant on Duties Regarding Nonrational Nature.’” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplementary volume 72: 189–228.Find this resource:

Yaari, Menachem. 1977. “Endogenous Changes in Taste: A Philosophical Discussion.” Erkenntnis 11: 157–96.Find this resource:

Yanal, Robert. 1999. Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction. University Park: Pennsylvania State University.Find this resource:

Zagzebski, Linda. 1996. Virtues of the Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Zajonc, R. 1984. “On the Primacy of Affect.” American Psychologist 39: 117–23.Find this resource:

Zeeman, E. C. 1992. “Population Dynamics from Game Theory.” In Global Theory of Dynamical Systems, ed. Z. Nitecki and C. Robinson. Berlin: Springer.Find this resource:

Zermelo, Ernst. 1913. “Uber eine Anwendung der Megenlehre auf die Theorie des Schachspiels.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Mathematicians, vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource: