Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In some ways, Vietnam is a microcosm of global religions. Vietnamese religious society comprises a great diversity of religious traditions, practices, and beliefs, not only among the majoritarian ethnic Vietnamese population but also among to the more than fifty other ethnic groups residing in Vietnam. In addition to Buddhism (both Mahayana and Theravada), Taoism, Confucianism, Islam (among the Cham minority), and Christianity, there are the specific religious practices of the highland ethnic groups, as well as the southern religious sects such as the Cao Dai and the Hoa Hao. There are about 12,000 pagodas in Vietnam, most of which are in the south. The number of Buddhist monks and nuns is estimated to be around 25,000. Those who fall outside organized religious communities embrace a wide variety of religious tenets and practices within the three-religions context. It is often said that there are three hierarchies of saints in Vietnam: first the buddhas (phat), then the holy saints (thanh), followed by the immortals (tien).

Keywords: Vietnam, tien, thanh, Buddhism, Cao Dai, Hoa Hao, saints, pagodas, monks, phat

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.