- Islam and Political Structure in Historical Perspective
- States, Religion, and Democracy in Southeast Asia: Comparative Religious Regime Formation
- Repression of Islamists and Authoritarian Survival in the Arab World: A Case Study of Egypt
- Regime Types, Regime Transitions, and Religion in Pakistan
- Regime Change under the Party of Justice and Development (AKP) in Turkey
- Islam, Nationalism, and Democracy in Asia: Nations under Gods or Gods under Nations?
- Military Politics in Muslim Societies
- Voting for Islamists: Mapping the Role of Religion
- Party Systems in Muslim Societies
- Ideologies, Brands, and Demographics in Muslim Southeast Asia: “Voting for Islam”
- Clientelism, Constituency Services, and Elections in Muslim Societies
- Religiosity and Political Attitudes in Turkey during the AKP Era
- Religious Practice and Political Attitudes among Shiʿites in Iran and Iraq
- Repressive Religious Regulation and Political Mobilization in Central Asia: Why Muslims (Don’t) Rebel
- How Extraordinary Was the Arab Spring? Examining “Protest Potential” in the Muslim World
- Illicit Economies and Political Violence in Central Asia
- Piety, Devotion, and Support for Shariʿa: Examining the Link between Religiosity and Political Attitudes in Pakistan
- Mapping and Explaining Arab Attitudes toward the Islamic State: Findings from an Arab Barometer Survey and Embedded Experiment
- Social Movements, Parties, and Political Cleavages in Morocco: A Religious Divide?
- The Rise and Impact of Muslim Women Preaching Online
- Religion and Mobilization in the Syrian Uprising and War
- New Media and Islamist Mobilization in Egypt
- Islamically Framed Mobilization in Tunisia: Ansar al-Sharia in the Aftermath of the Arab Uprisings
- Islamist Mobilization during the Arab Uprisings
- Religious Legitimacy and Long-Run Economic Growth in the Middle East
- Islam and Economic Development: The Case of Non-Muslim Minorities in the Middle East and North Africa
- State Institutions and Economic Performance in Nineteenth-Century Egypt
- Islam and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Islamic Finance and Development in Malaysia
- Welfare States in the Middle East
- Islamist Organizations and the Provision of Social Services
- The Islamic State as a Revolutionary Rebel Group: IS’s Governance and Violence in Historical Context
Abstract and Keywords
Are party systems in Muslim-majority societies different from those in non-Muslim-majority societies? If so, how—and more importantly, why? Cross-national time-series data demonstrate that party systems in Muslim-majority countries are consistently less competitive, less open, and less institutionalized than party systems in non-Muslim-majority countries. This chapter synthesizes existing theories of party system formation to argue that the traits of party systems in Muslim-majority countries are best explained by both shared experiences and systematic variation in historical developments related to colonialism and the path dependence of institutions, rather than by the political institutions prescribed by Islamic tenets. The chapter concludes by outlining a series of unanswered questions about the differences between party systems in Muslim-majority and non-Muslim-majority societies.
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