Abstract and Keywords
What do Indigenous movement struggles in Latin America teach us about reconciling individual and collective rights? How are competing conceptualizations of the environment and development being addressed by states in the region? How are these tensions and contradictions playing out within Indigenous territories? This chapter provides answers to these questions by reviewing the main concepts, findings, and tensions in the literature on contemporary Indigenous movements in Latin America. It examines processes of Indigenous dispossession and resurgence; the struggle for identity, territory and autonomy; and the push for plurinationality and decolonization. It also addresses efforts to incorporate Indigenous ways of knowing and being into governance structures as a way to rebuild Indigenous-state relations on a more just foundation. The chapter concludes by outlining an emerging research agenda in the areas of implementing free, prior, and informed consent regimes; addressing gender dynamics in Indigenous movements; and adopting intersectional approaches to studying Indigenous movements.
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