- What Kind of Studies Is Comics Studies?
- Why There Is No “Language of Comics”
- In Box: Rethinking Text in the Digital Age
- What Else Is a Comic? Between Bayeux and <i>Beano</i>
- Reading Spaces: The Politics of Page Layout
- I’m Not a Kid; I’m a Shark!: Identity Fluidity in Noelle Stevenson’s Young-Adult Graphic Novels
- The Cartoon on the Comics Page: A Phenomenology
- Bakhtinian Laughter and Recent Political Editorial Cartoons
- Radical Graphics: Australian Second-Phase Comics
- Columbia and the Editorial Cartoon
- Efficacy of Social Commentary through Cartooning
- Self-Regulation and Self-Censorship: Comics Creators in Czechoslovakia and Communist Eastern Bloc
- Forgetting at the Intersection of Comics and the Multimodal Novel: James Sie’s <i>Still Life Las Vegas</i>
- Irony, Ethics, and Lyric Narrative in Miriam Engelberg’s <i>Cancer Made Me a Shallower Person</i>
- Animals in Graphic Narrative
- The Replacements: Ethnicity, Gender, and Legacy Heroes in Marvel Comics
- Hammer in Hand: Feminist Community Building in Jason Aaron’s <i>Thor</i>
- Children in Comics: Between Education and Entertainment, Conformity and Agency
- Auto/biographics and Graphic Histories Made for the Classroom: <i>Logicomix</i> and <i>Abina and the Important Men</i>
- Candy and Drugs for Dinner: <i>Rat Queens</i>, Genre, and Our Aesthetic Categories
- <i>My Favorite Thing Is Monsters</i>: The Socially Engaged Graphic Novel as a Platform for Intersectional Feminism
- Paper or Plastic? Mapping the Transmedial Intersections of Comics and Action Figures
- Transformative Architectures in Postcolonial Hong Kong Comics
- Adaptation and Racial Representation in Dell/Gold Key TV Tie-ins
- Non-Compliants, Brimpers, and She-Romps: <i>Bitch Planet, Sex Criminals</i>, and Their Publics
- Literary Adaptations in Comics and Graphic Novels
- Comics Studies in America: The Making of a Field of Scholarship?
- Next Issue: Anticipation and Promise in Comics Studies
- Comics Studies as Interdiscipline
- Drawing, Redrawing, and Undrawing
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines phenomenological aspects of the cartoon in the context of comics reading. A simplified or iconic rendering of a figure, the cartoon has a prominent place in popular culture and in comics history; a large percentage influential and widely read comics have been drawn in iconic fashion. Scholarly definitions of comics as such routinely omit this fact; it is considered a matter of content, not form. Yet the relationship of comics to cartoons works differently from and implicitly challenges conventional understandings of the form/content relation. Several facets of the cartoon’s phenomenological relation to the reader are examined in order to disclose the powerfully self-referential aura of this kind of drawing, key to its effect in the context of comics. This aura may be among the reasons comics have been considered inferior to fine-arts production; it might also contribute to the medium’s often delinquent status in culture at large.
Department of English, University of Georgia
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