- What Kind of Studies Is Comics Studies?
- Why There Is No “Language of Comics”
- In Box: Rethinking Text in the Digital Age
- What Else Is a Comic? Between Bayeux and <i>Beano</i>
- Reading Spaces: The Politics of Page Layout
- I’m Not a Kid; I’m a Shark!: Identity Fluidity in Noelle Stevenson’s Young-Adult Graphic Novels
- The Cartoon on the Comics Page: A Phenomenology
- Bakhtinian Laughter and Recent Political Editorial Cartoons
- Radical Graphics: Australian Second-Phase Comics
- Columbia and the Editorial Cartoon
- Efficacy of Social Commentary through Cartooning
- Self-Regulation and Self-Censorship: Comics Creators in Czechoslovakia and Communist Eastern Bloc
- Forgetting at the Intersection of Comics and the Multimodal Novel: James Sie’s <i>Still Life Las Vegas</i>
- Irony, Ethics, and Lyric Narrative in Miriam Engelberg’s <i>Cancer Made Me a Shallower Person</i>
- Animals in Graphic Narrative
- The Replacements: Ethnicity, Gender, and Legacy Heroes in Marvel Comics
- Hammer in Hand: Feminist Community Building in Jason Aaron’s <i>Thor</i>
- Children in Comics: Between Education and Entertainment, Conformity and Agency
- Auto/biographics and Graphic Histories Made for the Classroom: <i>Logicomix</i> and <i>Abina and the Important Men</i>
- Candy and Drugs for Dinner: <i>Rat Queens</i>, Genre, and Our Aesthetic Categories
- <i>My Favorite Thing Is Monsters</i>: The Socially Engaged Graphic Novel as a Platform for Intersectional Feminism
- Paper or Plastic? Mapping the Transmedial Intersections of Comics and Action Figures
- Transformative Architectures in Postcolonial Hong Kong Comics
- Adaptation and Racial Representation in Dell/Gold Key TV Tie-ins
- Non-Compliants, Brimpers, and She-Romps: <i>Bitch Planet, Sex Criminals</i>, and Their Publics
- Literary Adaptations in Comics and Graphic Novels
- Comics Studies in America: The Making of a Field of Scholarship?
- Next Issue: Anticipation and Promise in Comics Studies
- Comics Studies as Interdiscipline
- Drawing, Redrawing, and Undrawing
Abstract and Keywords
Since 2011, Marvel has introduced new characters to replace some iconic heroes. All of the replacements, called legacy heroes, are women and/or nonwhite characters (for instance, an African-American teenage girl is the new Iron Man). These new heroes addressed social issues such as racism and misogyny, in addition to fighting the usual supervillains. The legacy heroes expanded the idea of who could be a superhero beyond the standard white males who have always dominated the genre. This chapter details how the legacy heroes redefined the Marvel universe for a new readership and repositioned diversity and equality as heroic attributes. It addresses online critics who complained that Marvel was merely bowing to a climate of political correctness. Some readers feared that powerful white men were being systematically replaced. This chapter draws parallels between such fears and the legacy heroes being an addition to, not a replacement for, the Marvel universe.
Department of Popular Culture, Bowling Green State
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