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date: 16 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Building on several examples from Czechoslovak comics of the twentieth century, this chapter aims to point out various ways in which censorship and self-censoring practices influenced the local variant of comics production on the formative level. During the period in question (1948–1989), there were no explicitly formulated and/or written rules delineating what was allowed and what was not, and the uncertain notion of “acceptability” (in connection with totalitarian ideological authorities and political institutions) was merely a construct of shared awareness of comics creators. To be able to publish comics without persecution, they came out with various self-defensive strategies both at the form-related and at the content-related level. At the end of the chapter, some of these strategies are outlined, and a short discussion of their transnational, region-wide occurrence is included.

Keywords: Czechoslovak comics, Central and Eastern European comics, censorship, self-censorship, form and content

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