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date: 23 May 2022

Abstract and Keywords

The relationship of the natural environment to war has long been the subject of study, but its connection to atrocity crimes in particular has received far less attention. This chapter explores the rich literature on the role natural resources play in shaping violence, examining it through two broad areas of focus that define the scholarship: scarcity and abundance. In doing so, it provides an overview of the key thematic debates linking resources to violence, ranging from early Malthusian concerns over demographic pressures to more recent discussion of the potential (and perhaps already realized) cataclysmic impacts of climate change and urbanization.

Keywords: war crimes, genocide, armed conflict, violence, natural resources, environment, abundance, scarcity, climate, nature, greed, urbanization

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