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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other intellectual and neurodevelopmental disabilities are at increased risk for engaging in one or more types of problem behavior (e.g., aggression, property destruction, self-injury). Self-injurious behavior (SIB), the focus of the current chapter, refers to behaviors that produce (or could produce) physical injury to an individual’s own body and is common among individuals with ASD. SIB poses immediate and long-term risks for the individuals and their caregivers. This chapter summarizes the prevalence and developmental course of SIB in individuals with ASD, as well as research on the etiology, diagnosis, assessment, and evidence-based treatments for SIB. Case examples and suggestions for future research are provided.

Keywords: self-injury, self-injurious behavior, autism, autism spectrum disorder, physical injury

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