Abstract and Keywords
Aggression is a clinically significant problem for many children, adolescents, and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The high prevalence and negative outcomes associated with aggression in individuals with ASD make it an especially important treatment target. Emerging research suggests that aggression is associated with both core symptoms and co-occurring conditions among individuals with ASD; however, research on etiology and underlying mechanisms of symptoms remains limited. Although there are few standardized tools developed specifically for assessment of aggression in people with ASD, practitioners are encouraged to use a multi-informant and multimodal assessment approach, with particular focus on identifying the environmental variables that contribute to the occurrence and maintenance of aggression. Treatment strategies with the most empirical evidence include behavioral strategies and medication. Future areas for research include larger scale studies of etiology, underlying mechanisms, and treatment effectiveness across the lifespan.
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