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date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The absence of a government in the ordinary sense coupled with a low level of social solidarity poses serious obstacles for solving a variety of collective action problems in international society. Nowhere is this more apparent than in dealing with needs for governance relating to international spaces and Earth systems. Nevertheless, some efforts to develop regimes to deal with these needs do succeed. Drawing on examples relating to biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction, maritime commerce, climate change, and the depletion of stratospheric ozone, this chapter examines processes of regime formation and implementation, interactions among issue-specific regimes, and the evolution of regimes over time to identify conditions that determine success and failure in the development of governance systems for international spaces and Earth systems.

Keywords: international spaces, collective action, governance, regimes, regime formation, implementation, institutional interplay, institutional dynamics

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