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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This essay provides an overview of the Neo-Assyrian imperial ideology (ca. 934–609 bce) including how religion and politics intertwine, and how the images of self and other are constructed in this imperial ideology. This overview is followed by a discussion of how the biblical traditions of Isaiah and Deuteronomy responded to the Assyrian empire. Isaiah of Jerusalem (1-39) and the book of Deuteronomy subvert the Assyrian empire by way of mimicking its imperial discourse in order to underline the sovereignty of YHWH and in order to call the people of Judah to trust in their God. The essay then moves on to discuss how the books of Nahum and Jonah offer different perspectives on the notions of decolonization by way of bringing the divine judgment as in the case of Nahum or by way of calling the Ninevites to repent as in the case of Jonah.

Keywords: Assyria, imperial culture and cult, anti-imperial rhetoric, Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, Deuteronomy, Nahum, Jonah

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