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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Most emigration and immigration in Victorian Britain was volitional and economic in character. But recurrent crises, internal and external, often induced episodes of migration, of people under duress seeking relocation or asylum either within Britain or by emigration. Such crises derived, for instance, from food emergencies or industrial downturns, were not of their own making; migrants entangled in these episodes were governed and directed by structural forces at work in the Victorian world. The greatest crisis was the Irish Famine of the 1840s which produced massive flows of migrants; other episodes exposed rifts in the fabric of Victorian society.

Keywords: Great Britain, emigration, internal migration, Irish famine, industrialization

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