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date: 20 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter addresses three major trends of migration in China. The first part of the chapter explores the causes, characteristics, and consequences of migration from rural areas to the city. Our discussion focuses on earning differentials, workplace experiences, intergenerational occupational mobility, housing, residential segregation, health care and social services. The second part discusses the characteristics and issues related to migration from one city to another. Finally, the chapter investigates international migration to China. The discussion highlights the extent of rural-to-urban migration in China, which has often been described as a crisis, and explores why and how the trend in migration has reached a crisis level.

Keywords: rural populations, migrant workers, inequality, China, discrimination, city-to-city migration

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