- Introducing the Philosophy of Technology
- What Is Living and What Is Dead in Classic European Philosophy of Technology?
- Philosophy of Technology between the Continental and Analytic Traditions
- Whence and W(h)ither Technology Ethics
- Styles of Objectivity in Scientific Instrumentation
- Engineering Knowledge
- The Epistemic Role of Technical Functions
- Revisiting Smartness in the Smart City
- Philosophy of Technology as Politics
- Postcolonialism and Technologies of Identification
- Rawls, Information Technology, and the Sociotechnical Bases of Self-Respect
- Freedom in an Age of Algocracy
- (Bio)technology, Identity, and the Other
- The Technological Uncanny as a Permanent Dimension of Selfhood
- Technology and the Ontology of the Virtual
- Using Philosophy of Language in Philosophy of Technology
- What Is It Like to Be a Bot?
- Technological Multistability and the Trouble with the Things Themselves
- Understanding Engineering Design and Its Social, Political, and Moral Dimensions
- Virtual Reality Media and Aesthetics
- Evaluation, Validation, and Management in Design
- Urban Aesthetics and Technology
- Science Fiction Futures and (Re)visions of the Anthropocene
- A Framework for Thawing Value Conflicts in the GMO Debate
- The Minded Body in Technology and Disability
- Outer Space as a New Frontier for Technology Ethics
- Technology, Cognitive Enhancement, and Virtue Ethics
- Towards an Existential and Emancipatory Ethic of Technology
- Why Confucianism Matters in Ethics of Technology
- Reflections on Promises and Perils Thinking for Emerging Technologies
- The Empirical Turn
- Care Ethics, Philosophy of Technology, and Robots in Humanitarian Action
Abstract and Keywords
The Epic of Gilgamesh introduces existential themes of confronting our mortality and creating meaningful lives as embodied beings and relational autonomies. These entail care ethics, virtue ethics, deontological emphases on respect and equality, and overcoming destructive dualisms (mind/body, male/female, (human) nature/technology). The philosophical and theological origins of modern technology and the Enlightenment extend these starting points by emphasizing emancipation. Avoiding another set of dualisms (e.g., Enlightenment vs. Romanticism) offers richer understandings of emancipation, ethics, and our human/technology/nature relationships. Contemporary existentialism and virtue ethics further expand these understandings. Shannon Vallor’s “techno-moral virtues” specifically include courage. Gilgamesh and the woman in the Garden show how courage in resisting and disobeying authority emancipates us to embrace our mortality and take responsibility for meaning in our lives. This chapter closes with some specific ways for how we might do so in the contemporary world.
Charles Ess is professor of media studies, Department of Media and Communication, University of Oslo, Norway. He works across the intersections of philosophy, computing, applied ethics, comparative philosophy and religious studies, and media studies, with emphasis on research ethics, digital religion, virtue ethics, and social robots. He has published extensively on ethical pluralism, culturally variable ethical norms, and communicative preferences in cross-cultural approaches to information and computing ethics and their applications to everyday digital media technologies; the third edition of his Digital Media Ethics will be published in early 2020. His current work focuses on the meta-theoretical and meta-disciplinary complementarities between ethics and the social sciences and their implications for applied ethics in information and communications technology design and implementation, including social robots and artificial intelligence. He serves as an advisor to numerous research projects on social robotics and research ethics and as a co-chair of the Association of Internet Researchers Ethics Working Group 3.0.
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