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date: 19 February 2020

(p. 592) (p. 593) Index

(p. 592) (p. 593) Index

Note: Tables and figures are indicated by italic ‘t’ and ‘f’, respectively following the page numbers. Numbers followed by n indicate endnotes.

A
ABC (archetype-brand-consumer) triangle 507
Abrams, Mark 254
abundance 495
accommodations 60, 63–64, 66
accounting 9–12
managerial 41
mental 10–12, 289
relational 11, 16, 158–159, 284, 289–293
acculturation 154–55
ACR (Association of Consumer Research) 2, 133
action-oriented research 113
activism
anti-consumerist 567
consumer 37–39, 140, 543
consumption 570–571
Latino 387–388, 390
Acxiom 275
Ad Age 392
Adams, Washington 533
Addams, Jane 9–10
added value 445
addiction 483
additive manufacturing 80
Addo, Fenaba 287–288
Adorno, Theodore 4
advertising 38, 245, 420
absence of 451n1
AFNOR certification 307–309, 308f
archetypes in 509
in black markets 393
in black media 393
Buridan-like 306–312, 308f
co-ethnic 385
as communication 271
Destino 1980 campaign 389
early psychology of 242–243
English-language 392
export agents 33
gender failures 502
to Hispanics 381
history of 450–451
in Latino media 391
“Meet Me at Starbucks” campaign 246
modern 131, 271
of products 443
for self 421
Spanish-language 386, 389, 392
stereotypes in 507–509
targets of 243–244
tobacco ads 140
victims of 261
advertising agents 33, 502
aesthetic consumption 179–194, 363
dominant frameworks 203
everyday 192, 478
aesthetic disposition 186–187, 191, 363–364, 496
aesthetics 179, 208–209, 473, 476, 478
of cultural diversity 372–373
of taste 476
affluence 561–576
affluenza 564
affordances 170
AFNOR (Association Française de Normalisation) 307–309, 308f
Africa 28
African American markets. See blacks and African Americans
(p. 594) age differences 372
in Internet access and cultural product choices 229–231, 230t
in political consumption 585–586
aging in place 428
agricultural labor 492–493
agriculture, community-supported 59, 554
Ahn, HeeKyung 11–12
AI (artificial intelligence) 80, 82
air miles 334–335
alcoholic beverages 32
Alexander, Jeffrey 6, 95
algorithms 332–333, 348–349
AliPay (now Ant Financial) 336, 353
Alphabet/Google 275
Alta-Gracia 549
alternative commerce 562, 565–571
alternative data 296
alternative scholarship 504
Always 514–515
AMA (American Marketing Assemblage) 129, 132–135, 138, 141, 143
Amazon 89, 227, 275, 332
MechanicalTurk 54, 277
prosumption 77–78, 80–81, 86–87
reviews 502
Amazon Echo 272
Amazon Go 78–79
amenities 525–528
American Dream 434
American Girl 137
Americanism 466
American Marketing Assemblage (AMA) 129, 132–135, 138, 141, 143
American Revolution 546
American Sociology Association (ASA) 110, 132–133
America’s Next Top Model 109
AMF 462
Amsterdam, the Netherlands 52
ancient Greece 29
Anderson, Elijah 527
Anholt, Simon 449, 451n3
animal-friendly circumstances 162
animal rights issues 547–548
Ant Financial (formerly AliPay) 336, 353
anthropology 5, 7
anti-consumerism 561–576
anti-consumption 562
anti-sweatshop movement 549
Apartment Therapy (AT) 205
apparel industry 413
Apple 30–31, 102, 275
Applebee’s 405
ApplePay 336–337
appropriation 155, 191, 374–376
Aquinas, Thomas 483–84
arcades 80
archetype-brand-consumer (ABC) triangle 507
archetypes 507–509
Argentina 28
Arnould, Eric J. 14, 95–126
Aroncyzk, Melissa 17–18, 439–453
art(s)
consumption of 180–182, 187
lovers of 182
modern 480
production of 187
works of 367
artificial intelligence (AI) 80, 82
artisanal economy 434–435
artistic labor 224
artists 367, 429
ASA (American Sociology Association) 110, 132–133
ascetics 473, 476, 483
Ashman, Rachel 286
Asia 29
Asian Development Bank 450
Asians and Asian Americans 293–294, 381–384, 393, 401–402, 526
Askegaard, Søren 19
assemblages 171, 176–177
assemblage theory 107, 176–177, 468–469
assembly line 80
asset-building capacity 287–288
assets, idle 53–54
assimilation 526, 536
Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR) 307–309, 308f
Association of Consumer Research (ACR) 2, 133
(p. 595) Astoria (Queens) 529, 530t
AT (Apartment Therapy) 205
Atlantic, New Jersey 531
ATMs 84–85, 87, 332, 336
attraction 207–208
audiovisual media
fashion vloggers 229
online access 227–228, 227f
Austin, Texas 65
Australia 562
authenticity
desire for 202, 430, 494–496, 548
scene 522–523, 524t
automated decision-making 349
automobiles 35–36, 36t, 40, 259–260
Avon 40
B
Bail, Chris 12–13
Bandelj, Nina 11–12, 15, 151–166, 513
Bandidos 459, 462
banking, consumer 321–341
Banks, Tyra 109
Bataille, Georges 8
Batali, Mario 432
Baudrillard, Jean 244–245
Bauman, Zygmunt 6, 565
Baumann, Shyon 17
beauty 260, 478
Behavioral Life Cycle hypothesis 289–290
behavioral science 2–3
Belgium 227–228, 227f, 228f
Belk, Russell 39, 54, 97, 284
Bell, Daniel 241
Benger Alaluf, Yaara 15–16, 239–252
Bennett, Jane 176
Berlin film festival 219, 232–233
beverages 489, 494–495
Beyoncé 373
Bhabha, Homi 440
bias
gender 503
Bic 502
Bieber, Justin 220
big books 219
big data 80–81, 229, 332–333, 537
bird’s eye view (metaphor) 199
Birmingham School for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS) 254, 457
black capitalism 390
Black Liberals 154–155
Black Lives Matter 582
Black Nationalists 154–155
blacks and African Americans 102
advertising to 393
association with soul food restaurants 532–533, 533t, 536
consumer behavior 9, 12, 295, 405–406
credit scores 293–295
discrimination against 12, 62, 402–405
ethnic restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
#LaughingWhileBlack 402–403
March for Black Women 584
as market 381–384, 393–394
middle-class 12
shopping while black 12, 394
spatial assimilation of 526
student debt 287–288
teenagers 393
traveling while black 402
blockbusters 219–220
bloggers 88, 90
fashion vloggers 229
Twitter microblogs 286
bluffers 256
Blumer, Herbert 417
BMW 459
Boltanski, Luc 241
Bone, Sterling 404
books and book trade 35, 218–219, 225
data sources 232–233
fiction books 219–224, 222f, 223f
globalization of 219–224, 222f, 223f
Spanish-language 223
Boorstin, Daniel 133
Boston, Massachusetts 55, 64, 295, 526–536, 530t
Boston Tea Party 546
Botox 201
(p. 596) Botsman, Rachel 53
boundary crossing 367–368
Bourdieu, Pierre 6, 179–194, 197–198, 204, 208, 244–245, 329, 484, 489–490
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste 180, 183–185, 362–363, 474–475, 478, 490–491
field theory 215
theory of aesthetic consumption 180–191
theory of aesthetic disposition 186–187, 191
boycotts 403, 546, 551, 578–579
Boycott Trump app 583
boyd, danah 262
brand communities 102–103, 139, 464–465
branding consultants 443–444
brands and branding 32, 127–149, 245, 439–440
archetypes in 507, 509
corporate 28
development of 76, 131–132, 138–140, 142
elaboration-likelihood model (ELM) 135
emotional 245
management of 37, 138
market intermediaries 443–444, 451
middleman 36–37
national 439–453
premodern 31
rebranding 526
Brazil 28, 232
bricolage 78
Brison, Alexis 405
broadcast media, Latino 385–387
brokered marriages 157–158
Bronzeville (Chicago) 529, 530t
Brown, Keith 19, 543–559
Browning, Martin 289
Buchanan, Pat 402
Budget Rental Car 404
Budweiser 131
Bulgaria 208, 227–228, 227f
Bun tet 490
Buridan-like advertisements 306–312
Buridan’s donkey 307–309, 308f
bus boycotts 546
business schools 502
consumer behavior curricula 502–503, 511–513
buycotts 551, 578–579, 583
C
Cadbury 35
Cadillac 35
calculativeness 443–444
California 65, 349, 355n10, 385, 531
Callon, Michel 311–312, 325
calqulation 302, 312–318
Calvin Klein 421
Campbell, Colin 5–6
Canada 38, 68n4, 488, 562
Cannes film festival 219, 232–233
Cansoy, Mehmet 14, 51–73
capital
cultural 55–60, 191, 582
domestic vs scholastic 183–186
educational 184
globally footloose 445
high cultural capital (HCC) 55–60, 582
symbolic 468
capitalism 2, 241
base of 271
black 390
competitive 75
consumer 82, 84–85, 87
contemporary 75–93, 270–272, 278
digital 75
expansion of commodities under 273
exploitative 269
future directions 89–90
late 478
Marx’s view of 89
monopoly 75, 271
nature of 89
neo-liberal 56
platform 75
producer 82, 89
prosumer 75, 82–87
rational 54
reproduction of 269–280
social 271–274
surveillance 278
(p. 597)
today 89
youth view of 56
capitalization 329
care workers 157, 162
carsharing. See ridesharing
Carson, Rachel 547
Casson, Mark 39
Castells, Manuel 269
Castile, Philando 583
The Castro (San Francisco) 534
cause-related marketing 28
CCCS (Birmingham School for Contemporary Cultural Studies) 254
CCTC (Consumer Culture Theory Consortium) 110
cell phones (smartphones) 82, 312–316, 315f
census data 387–389
ceramic imports 553
ceremony 12–13
Chaddha, Anmol 294–295
Chan, Cheris 161–162
Chanel 421
Chanel No. 5 421
charga-plates 345
Charlotte (Queen) 30–31
Charron-Chénier, Raphaël 295
Château Lafite 209
cheap data 276–277
cheap labor 277
cheap nature 277
Chelsea Market 432–433
Chesky, Brian 53
Chevrolet 35
Chianti wine 31
Chiapello, Eve 241
Chicago, Illinois 386, 525–529, 530t, 533–534, 533t
Chicago film festival 219, 232–233
Chicago School of Sociology 255
Chicanos 388
Chile 28, 333
Chilton, James 345
Chilton Corporation 345
Chin, Elizabeth 160
China 554
Central Bank 353
consumer culture 108–109, 161–162, 257, 324
labor costs 445–446
marketing 28–31
professional taste consultants 415
Social Credit Score 344
social credit system 352–353
Song dynasty 29, 31
taboo products 161–162
trademarks 29
UnionPay 352–353
youth consumption 257
China tea 31
Chinatowns 382, 384, 393, 526
Chinese Americans 384, 393, 398–399, 402
Chinese restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
chocolate 35
choice. See consumer behavior
chorus girls 422
Christensen, Glenn 404
Christmas 155, 290–292
cities 434, 521–539, 535f
citizen-consumers 567–568, 571
citizen-sellers 571
citizenship 546–548
city on a hill 534
civic engagement 580–582
Civil Rights Act (US) 404
Civil Rights movement 546
Clarity Services 351
Clark, Terry Nichols 18, 517, 521–525, 528
class differences 373–374, 376
in consumer banking 329
in fashion 414–415
markers of 362
in omnivorous consumption 370–371
in sharing economy 60–63
working-class youth 254
classification schemes 208, 217
class training 484
client-provider relationships 153–154
Clifton, Rita 135
climate change 580
Club Med 239, 248
Coca-Cola 136, 502, 507
(p. 598) Cochoy, Franck 16, 301–320
co-creation 75–76
co-ethnic advertising 385
coffee 246–247, 578
cognition, cultural 140
cognitive legitimacy 201
Cohen, Julie 276, 279n5
collaboration 53, 447–448
contradictory 159
cross-national 224
in product development 78
collaborative commons 90
collaborative consumption 51, 53, 78
collections 171, 176
collective decision-making 417–418
collectives 139, 464–465, 468–469
Collins, Randall 286
colonialism
contemporary 274–278
Combines Fair Prices Act (Canada) 38
commerce
alternative 562, 565–571
circuits of 330–331, 333–335
teen 256
commodification
of data 273
resistance to 161–162
commodities 2, 272–273, 278n3, 565
biographies of 168–169
emotionalization of 242–248
fair trade 547, 567–571, 578
Commonwealth Writers Prize 232–233
communication
advertising as 271
mass self-communication 269
modes that express relational work 156
text messages 286
communitarian scenes 525
communities of practice 468
community studies 9–10
Community-Supported Agriculture (CSA) 59, 554
company magazines 32
compassionate consumption 568–569
competitive capitalism 75
complementarities 138
computers 82
condoms 140
conformity 204, 415
conglomerization 224
Connected Consumption and Connected Economy project 51–73, 67n2
Conoco 404
consecration 215–237
conspicuous production 428–429
consumer(s) 474. See also inequality
citizen-consumers 567–568
collectives 139, 464–465, 468–469
credit invisibles 293–294
cultivation of 301–302
digital 272
discrimination against 397–398, 398f. See also discrimination
educated 83
education of 553
fashion buyers 417
financial needs of 325–326
green 579
household finances 283–300
interpretive strategies 100, 100f, 107–110
mindful 568
overtheorization of 138
profiling 39
risk takers 326
un-scorables 293–294
voluntary simplifiers 548
women 17, 509–510
working 39–40, 78
consumer banking 321–341
consumer behavior 1–24, 37–39, 301–302. See also consumption
acculturation 154–155
activism 37–39, 140, 543
asset-building capacity 287–288
Behavioral Life Cycle hypothesis for 289–290
boycotts 546
building trust 159–160
calqulation 302, 312–318
choice 317–318
Christmas practices 155
conformity 415
(p. 599)
in contemporary markets 307–309, 308f
core propositions 284–285
core questions 405
cross-household insurance 288
cultural 227–228
curricula 502–503, 511–513
emotional 240–244
emotionalization of 242–248
ethical 543–559
evolutionary psychology perspective on 509–513
family shopping 312–313, 314f
household behaviors 285
intentions-behavior gap 567
life course 289–293
lifestyles 255–257
loss aversion 554–555
measurement of 365–366
online purchases 227–228
protest 405–406
psychological approaches to 2
qualculation 302, 307, 309–312, 316–318
racial discrimination 397–412
rational 240–242
relational accounting 289–293
responding to degradation or not 405–406
responsible 562, 568–569
rituals 289–293
smartphone shopping 314–316, 315f
social networks and 284–288
strange, asocial 96–97
subcultures 458, 460–467
sustainable shopping 547–548
textbooks on 502–503, 511–513, 517
transactions 16–17, 281–357
uncertainty 159–160
consumer capitalism 82, 84–85, 87
consumer cities 521–539
consumer credit
classification of 348
commensuration of histories 348–349
democratization of 347–348
predictive algorithms 348–349
surveillance of 343–360
consumer credit scores 285, 293–296
consumer culture 301–302. See also culture(s)
expansion of 247
key aspects 248
social media-ification of 107–110
consumer culture strategy 112
consumer culture theory (CCT) 3, 14, 95–126, 129–130, 134, 138, 143, 316–317, 545
contemporary developments 100, 100f
domains of interest 100, 100f
literature review 153–154
Consumer Culture Theory Consortium (CCTC) 110
consumer devices 281–357
consumer generation 257
consumer identity projects 100, 100f, 101–102
consumerism 3, 562–563, 565
active 586
anti-consumerism 561–576
ethical 579
green 578
political 567, 581, 586
rise of 255
consumer market(s) 461–465. See also market(s)
consumer protection legislation 37–38
consumer relations 16–17, 281–357
consumer reporting 344–345
consumer research 3, 39, 97, 133, 316–317, 502. See also research
cultural studies 5
emotions in 239–252
evolutionary psychology in 509–511
feminist studies 508–509
future directions 587
gender in 503–504
key questions 2
relational studies 151–166
sociocultural studies 199
theoretical foundations 545–550
trends 545–550
consumer reviews 206
Consumer Revolution 29–33, 76
consumer rights movement 546–548
Consumers Union 37
consumer tribe 465
consumer work 77
consumption 1–24. See also consumer behavior
as active process 521
(p. 600)
aesthetic 179–194, 363–364
alternative 571
anti-consumption 562
of art 180, 187
with care 568–569
citizenship and 546–548
collaborative 51, 53, 78
coloniality of 274–277
communities of practice 468
contemporary 259, 272–274, 307–309, 308f, 373, 561
contemporary themes 13–15, 25–194
cross-national differences in 19
deep meanings of 104
definition of 5–6, 168–171, 414
digital 261–263
effects of 264
elite 493–494
of emotional experiences 239–240
environmental 580
environmental costs of 564
environmental sustainability and 577–591
ethical 543–559
everyday 192, 209–210
excessive 564–565
of food 490, 493
framework of 270
of genres 367–368
green 583
household 2
inequality negotiation in 160–161
luxury 415
masculine practices 256
materialities of 7–8
meaningful objects and 167–178
means of 78–80
media-oriented 108
middle-class 12
mindful 568
new cultures of 262
omnivore 9, 183–191
online 263
organization of 15–16, 195–280
overconsumption 565
as performance 259
political 543, 580
politics of 561–576
power negotiation in 160–161
practices 18, 455–539. See also consumer behavior
productive 76–77, 79, 269–280
prosumption 14, 75–93, 77f
psychological approaches to 2
pure 77
radical 568
relational 15, 151–166, 284
in the Resistance 582–586
responsibilization of 568–569
ritual effects 284
ritualized 468
semiotic approaches to 171–173, 175–176, 244–245
shopping while black 12, 394
“snob” 361
social costs of 564
social organization of 2
socio-historic patterns 100, 100f, 104–107
sustainable 565
symbolism of 104
of taboo products 161–162
vs taste 493–494
trends 493–494
ultimate 278
as work 78
youth 253–268
consumption activism 570–571
consumption economy 132
contemporary capitalism 75–93, 270–272, 278
contemporary colonialism 274–277
contemporary consumption 373, 561
Buridan’s donkey in 307–309, 308f
evolution of 272–274
youth lifestyles 259
contemporary culture 496
Contested Tides (Desoucey) 492
Continental High Theory 133
convention 444
(p. 601) conversational value 152
Cook, Illinois 534
coolness 259, 469–470
corn products 493
corporate brands 28
corporate cities 434
corporate identity 28
corporate market interest 392–393
corporate public relations 28
Corso Italia (Toronto) 527
Cortez, Raul 385
cosmopolitanism 372, 466, 527, 534–535, 535f
cosplay 104
Couchsurfing 57–58
Couldry, Nick 16, 269–280
Council of Better Business Bureaus 140
counterculture 256, 466
country differences 217–218, 227–229, 227f, 228f
co-working 55
craft consumers 75–76
Craigslist 54
creative class 433–435
credit 33, 343
access to 295
consumer surveillance 343–357
as gateway product 324–325
productive 343–344
visibility of 283–300
credit bureaus 346
credit cards 285–286, 336, 345
credit data 344
credit databases 347
Credit Data Corporation 346
credit history 348–349
credit invisibles 293–294
credit reporting 351–352
credit scores 285, 293–296, 348–352
data that go into 350–353, 354n4
FICO scores 344, 347, 349–350
Creemers, Rogier 355n12
criminal treatment 398–399, 400t
critical ethnography 104
critical race theory 375
critical sociology 481
Crockett, David 12
cross-household insurance 288
Crossley, Thomas 289
cross-national differences 19
cross-selling 324
cruise ships 85–86
CSA (Community-Supported Agriculture) 59, 554
Cuban restaurants 529–533, 532f, 533t, 536
Cubans 391
culinary culture 490
cultural anthropology 5
cultural appropriation 155, 191, 374–376
cultural capital
accumulated 191
high cultural capital (HCC) 55–60, 582
cultural cognition 140
cultural consumption 190–191, 227–228, 364–365. See also consumption
omnivorous 215
voraciousness 368
why it matters for understanding inequality 376–377
cultural democratization 364–365
cultural differences 225
cultural distance 225
cultural distinction 329
cultural diversity 372–373
cultural economy 439
cultural elites 371–372. See also elites and elitism
cultural entropy 8
cultural goods and works 12–13
fashion 418–419
influences on choice for 229–231, 230t
products 187, 278n2
taste for 9, 190
transposable 186–187
cultural identity politics 377n1
cultural information 182–183
cultural markets 215–237
cultural norms 140–141
cultural omnivores. See omnivores and omnivorousness
cultural products. See cultural goods and works
cultural proximity 225
cultural resonance 137
cultural resources 441
(p. 602) cultural scenes 521–539, 523t
cultural socialization 188–190
cultural studies 5, 97–98, 108, 151, 460
gender in 503–504
material culture studies 7–8
cultural values 2, 137, 215, 254
culture(s) 2, 10
of abundance 495
balancing with economy 450
brand 128
capitalist 241
centrality of 217
consumer culture theory (CCT) 3, 14, 95–126, 129–130, 134, 138, 143, 153–154, 316–317, 545
consumption practices 262, 270–271
contemporary 496
counterculture 256
drivers of transformation and emergence 102–104
fan culture 99
global 225–226
high 362
high SES signals 361
inalienable 78
inheritance of 188
legitimate 179, 217–218
macro-cultural contexts 465–467
marketplace cultures 100, 100f, 102–104
matching 447–448
material 7–8, 168–171
national 440
new 262
omnivorous 364
politicization of 375
popular 189–190, 244
role in capitalism 270–271
and schooling 179–80
social media-ification of 107–110
socio-cultural models 137–138
subcultures 255, 457–472
superstructure of circulation 270–271
youth 260–261, 370
cumulative advantage effect (Matthew Effect) 415–416
currency 137, 311, 333–335
customer service. See service(s)
Czech Republic 227–228, 227f, 228f
D
Dade, Florida 533, 533t
Dallas 225
Dao, David 398–399, 400t
Dao, Teresa 398–399
Darity, William 288
data 269–280
alternative 296
Big Data 332–333
census 387–389
cheap social data 276–277
credit 344
Latino 389–390
social quantification 275–276
spinning 389–390
that go into credit scores 350–353, 354n4
datafication 81, 270
data gathering 346–348
Datalink Services 351
data lobbying 387–388
data mining 332–333
data privacy 353–354, 355n14
data relations 277
data sources 232–233, 368–369
data visualizations 209
Davidson, Arthur 462
Davila, Arlene 382
Dayton price tags 304
deceptive labeling 38
decision-making. See also consumer behavior
automated 349
collective 417–418
economic 301–320
decolonization 546
degradation of service 397–398, 398f
responding to or not 405–406
subtle 404–405
Deleuze, Gilles 107, 286
Deliveroo 54
demarketing 40
dematerialization 262
democracy 371
(p. 603) democratization 53, 364
of consumer credit 347–348
cultural 364–365
omnivorous 374–376
of taste 373
demographics 285, 287
of omnivorousness 369–371, 370t
of sharing economy 54–55
denial of service 397–398, 398f
overt 398, 401–403
Denmark 227–228, 227f, 228f
Denny’s 404
department stores 34, 80
desire 286
Destino 1980 campaign 389
Devon Avenue (Chicago) 534
de Vries, Jan 29
Dewey, Amanda M. 19, 577–591
Dewey, John 186
Dichter, Ernest 38–39, 244–245
Diderot unities 207
digital capitalism 75
digital consumption 253–268, 272
digitalization 218, 226–231
digital media 269–270
digital music 262
digital natives 257, 262
digital prosumption 78
DiMaggio, Paul 6, 286–287
Dior, Christian 421
Discover Source 350–351
discrimination
ethnoracial 383–384, 397–398, 398f. See also racial discrimination
marketplace 397–398, 398f, 401–402, 405
between objects 170
in sharing economy 62–63
disengaging 155
disintermediation 331–332
Disneyland 37, 86
disposition, aesthetic 363–364, 496
distance runners 154
distinction 179–194, 231, 361–380, 451n1
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste (Bourdieu) 180, 183–185, 362–363, 474–475, 478, 490–491
diversity, cultural
ethnic restaurants 534
new aesthetics of 372–373
Dobscha, Susan 18, 501–519
Doc Martens (Dr Martens) 259, 464
DogVacay 54
do-it-yourselfers 75, 103–104
domestication 330
domestic capital 183–186
Dominican Republic 391, 549
Dormant Things project 173–174
double X (XX) economy 112
Douglas, Mary 6, 10, 489–490
Dove 515, 517
downshifting 548–549, 581
Dr Martens (Doc Martens) 259, 464
drugstores 80
DuBois, William E. B. 9, 546
Duguid, Paul 32
Durkheim, Emile 284
Dylan, Bob 370
E
earmarking 156–159, 547–548
Earned Income Tax Credit 292–293
Earnest 351, 355n9
Eastern Europe 28
eating out 161
eBay 53–54, 78, 89
Echo (Amazon) 272
eclecticism, youthful 370, 370t
eco-habitus 58–59, 582
economic decisions 301–320, 548–549
economic opportunity 61
economic sociology 155
economy
artisanal 434–435
balancing with culture 450
consumption 132
of convention 444
creative 434–435
cultural 439
enrichment 416
experience 246
global 440
information 443–444
market 158
(p. 604)
moral 57–58
relations of production 271
sharing 51–73
XX 112
eco-tourism 441
edibles 490–491
Edin, Kathryn 292–293
education 83, 502
and aesthetic consumption 179–191
consumer 553
consumer behavior curricula 502–3, 511–513
and cultural practices 179–180, 217
gender equality 503
parental 181, 185–191
and political consumption 585–586
wheel of marketing knowledge 504–506, 505f, 514–516, 514f
educational capital 184
EFTs (electronic fund transfer) 336
egalitarianism 373–374
eggs 162
elaboration-likelihood model (ELM) 135
electronic fund transfer (EFTs) 336
electronic imports 553
electronic payment 336
Elgar, Edward 39
elites and elitism 3, 217–218, 229, 363, 371–374
“snob” consumption 361
trends 493–494
ELM (elaboration-likelihood model) 135
emerging issues 551–554
emerging markets 446
emodity 16, 247–249
EmoSemio 246
emotion(s) 239–252, 286, 544, 553–554
relational work 159–160
emotional experiences 239–240, 246, 553–554
empathy 159–160
empiricism 543
engaging 155
English-language Latino magazines 392
English restaurants 161
enrichment economy 416
Entourage 108
entrepreneurs 433–34, 444
entropy, cultural 8
environmental consumption 580
environmental costs 564
environmental issues 547–548
environmental justice movement 579–580
environmental movement 577–582, 587
environmental politics 578
environmental racism 580
environmental sustainability 577–591
environmental theory 565
Equal Credit Opportunity Act (US) 347–348
Equifax (formerly Retail Credit Company) 293, 296, 347, 349–351
EsSense Profile 246
Essex (Newark), New Jersey 533, 533t
esthetic feeling 242–243
ethical consumerism 579
ethical consumption 543–559
ethnic groups 529–531, 530t
ethnic neighborhoods 525–528, 536
ethnic restaurants 528–535, 530t, 532f, 533t
ethnographic research 175, 458–459
ethnography 154–155, 175
critical 104
of insurance selling 324
of subcultures 459–461
ethnoracial discrimination 383–384, 397–398, 398f. See also racial discrimination
ethnoracial markets 381–395
Euro currency 311
Europe. See also individual countries
anti-consumerism 562
consumer banking 327–328
consumer behavior 581
consumer credit surveillance 349
department stores 34
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 353–354
marketing 29–30, 33
online access to audiovisual media 227–228, 227f
online access to music 227–228, 228f
sharing economy 52, 66, 68n4
yearly rituals 290–291
European Journal of Marketing 110, 504
European Union 327–328, 349, 353–354
(p. 605) event sequences 203
everyday consumption 192, 209–210, 329–330, 478
everyday multiculturalism 527
evolutionary psychology 504, 509–513
exceptional objects 416
exclusion 231
exclusionary displacement 432
exoticism 57, 202, 372, 430
Expedia 89
Experian 288, 293, 296, 345, 347, 350–351
experience economy 246
experiences market 59, 239–240
exploitation 269, 276, 394
of prosumers 82–90
of the rich 416
export agents 33
export marketing 33
Exxon/Mobil 275
F
Faber, Jacob 295
Facebook 81, 86–87, 241, 275, 286, 351, 403, 551
factory girls 422–423
factory without walls 76
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) 347, 351
fair trade 547, 567–571, 578
fake news 226
false values 167
family 160–161, 294
family shopping 312–313, 314f
fan culture 99
fascism 28
fashion 17, 373, 413–425
tesettür 104
fashion designers 418–419
fashion feedback 30–31
fashion magazines 203
fashion models 418, 420–422
fashion vloggers 229
fast fashion 413, 416
fast food 80, 141–142, 260, 392–393
Fast Food Nation (Schlosser) 547
Favor 52–54
FCC (Federal Communications Commission) 390
FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act) 347, 351
Featherstone 4–5
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 390
Federal Housing Administration (US) 349
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) 140
feeding the family 160–161
femininity 420
FICO scores 344, 347–50
fiction books 219–224, 222f, 223f, 232–233
field research 460
field theory 215–217
film(s) 219–220, 220f, 223, 223f, 225, 232–233
film festivals 232–233
finances and financing
asset-building capacity 287–288
consumer banking 321–341
credit visibility 283–300
cross-household insurance 288
formal sector 333–334
household finances 283–300
idle assets 53–54
inclusion 347–348
informal 288, 333–334
installment purchasing 38
life-cycle budgeting 284
merchant 33
money mediation 327–328
for one percent 330–331
payment systems 335–337
peer-to-peer lending 331–332
relational work 330–331
wealth management 330–331
Financial Conduct Authority (formerly Financial Services Authority) 328
Financial Modernization Act (US) 350–351
financial products 330
Financial Services Authority (now Financial Conduct Authority) 328
fine arts 179, 182–183, 186, 362
Fink, Joshua 295
Finland 227–228, 227f, 228f, 582
Fisher, Dana R. 19, 577–591
Fitbits 81, 332
Fitzgerald, F. Scott 131
(p. 606) Fitzgerald, Robert 35, 39
Fiverr 62
Flash Eurobarometer 233n4, 411
focus groups 38–39
foie gras 492
food(s)
corn products 493
experience of 488–89
fast food 80, 141–142, 260, 392–393
making the edible 490–491
materiality 492–493
meaning of 488–489
research on 491–492, 496
snobbery about 495–496
soul food 533, 533t
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 140
food consumption 161, 490, 493
ethical 547–548
youth 260
food deserts 431
food mirages 431–433
Food Network 432
food oases 431–432
foodstuffs 491
food swaps 58–60
food tastes 475, 479–480, 487–500
Ford, Henry 35–36
Ford Motor Company 35–36
foreign direct investment 445–446
Fourcade, Marion 271, 293
frames and frameworks 203–204
France
consumer credit surveillance 348
consumption habits 363, 474
credit scores 354n4
cultural centrality 217
films, pop music, and fiction books from 219
magasins de nouveautés (novelty stores) 34
marketing 28
music market 233n1
online access 227
online access to audiovisual media 227–228, 227f
online access to music 227–228, 228f
Frank, Thomas 128–129
Frankfurt School 548
Franz, Kathleen 40
Franz Kafka Literaturpreis 232–233
freecycle 54
free participation 158
free produce movement 546
free-range eggs 162
free-riders 83
French restaurants 529, 530t, 531
frequent flyer miles 334–335
Friedberg, Anne 245–46
Friedenspreis des Deutsches Buchhandels 232–233
friendship 153–154, 158
FTC (Federal Trade Commission) 140
Fullerton, Ronald 35
Fulton Houses 432–433
furniture imports 553
future directions
for capitalism 89–90
emerging issues 551–554
for research 39–40, 138–144, 163, 371, 537n2, 587
G
Galileo 205–206
Gallup, George 131
Gambetta, Diego 451n2
gambling 85–86, 203
Garcia Marquez, Gabriel 221
garment workers 421–423, 549
Gatsby, Jay 483
GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) 353–354
gender
in fashion 413–425
in key journals 514
in marketing 501–519
gender bias 503
gender differences 506–507, 585, 586t
gender stereotypes 503–504, 507–509
gender studies 503–504, 510–511, 516–517
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 353–354
General Electric 275
General Motors Corporation (GM) 35
Generation X 260
generic products 36–37
gentrification 427–438
geography 444–446
German Americans 526
German restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
Germany
book trade 35
consumer behavior 38–39
consumer credit surveillance 349
films, pop music, and fiction books from 219, 232
marketing 28, 35
music market 233n1
online access to audiovisual media 227–228, 227f
online access to music 227–228, 228f
online purchases 227–228
search for financial services 286
gestalt, brand 137
Ghana 8
Ghent, Belgium 52
Giaccio, Tony 403
Gibson, Christopher W. 15, 151–166, 513
Giddens, Anthony 6
Giesler, Marcus 7
gift exchanges 158
gift giving 7
gig labor 54
gilded age 371
girlhood 256
global culture 217, 225–226
global economy 440
globalization 32–33, 52, 218–226, 220f, 221f, 222f, 231, 258, 372, 391–393
global neighborhoods 536
Global South 568, 570–571
glocalization 224, 260–261
GM (General Motors Corporation) 35
Goffman, Erving 133
Go Fund Me 288
Goodall, George 242–243
Good Country Index 449
good food movement 431
goodness of fit 201
goods. See also object(s); product(s)
display of 420
loaning 53–54
packaged 141–142
good taste 197–198, 202
Google 81, 227, 240, 275, 432
Gordon & Gotch 33
goth subculture 465
gourmet food magazines 202
governmentality 351–352
Grab Your Wallet 582–583
grammatization 41
gravity 204–210
Great Recession 52, 55, 550, 552–553
Greek Astoria (Queens) 529, 530t
Greek restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
Greektowns 526–527
Green, Victor 402
green consumerism 578–579
green consumption 583
green products 581, 583
green washing 568
Guattari, Félix 286
Guinness 32
Guseva, Alya 17, 343–357
H
habitus 204, 208, 474–475, 483–484, 489–490
eco-habitus 58–59, 582
hacking 59
Hagberg, Johan 303
Haiti 334
Haitian dollar 334
Hallmark, Inc. 392
Halpern-Meekin Sarah 292–293
Hamilton, Darrick 288
hardcore 466–467
Hardy, Asia 405
Harley, William 462
Harley-Davidson, Inc. 102, 457–465, 468
Harley-Davidson bike owners 458–462, 465–469
Harley-Davidson Motor Company 462, 469
Harley-Davidson Sportster 458, 460
Harley Owners Group (HOG) 459–460, 462
Harris, Anne-Marie 404
hashtags 109
Havana on the Hudson (Hudson, NJ) 529, 530t
Hawaii 349, 529, 530t
Hawthorne factory studies 1–2
Hayes, Adam 290–291
HCC (high cultural capital) 55–60, 582
HCT (high critical theory) 129–130
health issues 547–548
Healthy Pleasure (Benger Alaluf) 247–248
Healy, Kieran 293
Healy, Kieron 271
hedonism 259
Heilbrun, Benoit 19
Hells Angels 462
Henderson, Geraldine Rosa 17, 397–412
Hennion, Antoine 475, 481, 485
Henry Sell’s 33
Herfindahl-Hirschman Index 233n2
highbrows 367–370, 370t
high critical theory (HCT) 129–130
high cultural capital (HCC) 55–60, 582
High Line 432
high-SES consumers 376
high social theory 112–113
Hildreth, Jeremy 447, 450
Hirschman, Albert O. 405
Hirschman, Elizabeth 97
Hispanic 392
Hispanic Business 392
Hispanic Fact Pack 392
Hispanic media. See Latino media
Hispanics 293–294, 381, 388–389, 526, 533
historical research 39–40
history
19th to 20th century marketing orientation 33–39
of advertising 450–451
of brands 130–138
of consumer culture theory (CCT) 96–110
early psychology of advertising 242–243
of fashion 414–415
of Latino broadcast media 385–387
of US Latino media market 393
of youth consumption 253–255
HIV/AIDS campaigns 8
HOG (Harley Owners Group) 459–460, 462
Holbrook, Morris 97
holiday bonuses 292
holiday parties 292
holiday resorts 247
holidays and holiday making 239–240, 247–248
Holland. See Netherlands, the
Hollander, Stanley 39
Hollywood 37, 220, 225
Holt, Douglas 19, 105
home market advantage 217
home sharing 55
homo consumens 2
homo economicus 57, 325
homo faber 2
homo instrumentalis 57
homophily, demographic 287
Honda Shadow 459
Høngsmark-Knudsen, Gry 18
Honneth, Axel 241
Horkheimer, Max 4
Horniman, John 31
horse-related leisure enterprises 158
hostile worlds 54
Houle, Jason 288
Houle, John 287–288
household consumption 2, 16, 285
household finances 283–300
housing 60, 63–64, 66
Hudson, New Jersey 529, 530t
Humby, Clive 276–277
Humphery, Kim 19, 561–576
Hungary 227–228, 227f, 228f, 325
I
iconicity 172–173
identity 18, 455–539
consumer projects 100–102, 100f
corporate 28
definition of 285
ethnoracial 382
moral 203
national 203, 439–453
social 258–261
identity politics 375, 377n1
ideology
mass-mediated marketplace 100, 100f, 107–110
political 154–155
(p. 609) idle assets 53–54
IKEA 59, 77, 86–87, 553
Illouz, Eva 15–16, 239–252
imaginary currency 334
immigrants 154–155
immigration 372
IMPAC Dublin Literary Award 232–233
imperialism 274
imports 552–553
incentives 445
incipient taste 417
inclusion 231, 347–348, 370–372, 370t
income, middle-class 61–62
income tax returns 292
independent contractors 65–66
indexicality 172
India 28, 217, 288, 445–446, 546, 554
individualism 6
Indonesia 466
industrial clusters 522, 523t
industrial psychology 38
Industrial Revolution 76, 270
industrious revolution 29–30
inequality 17–18, 359–453
algorithmic 332–333
exclusions from and within banking 328–329
gender 501–519
negotiation of 160–161
racial 288, 375
in sharing economy 60–63
symbolic 216–218
wealth 288
informal assistance 288
informal financial sector 288, 333–334
information economy 443–444
information gathering 346–348
Inglehart, Ronald 581
Instagram 262, 286, 373, 551
Institute of Public Relations 37
insurance
cross-household 288
life insurance 161–162
selling 40–41, 324
Interbrand 135
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 550
Internet access 82, 89, 262
country differences in 227–229, 227f, 228f
and cultural product choices 229–231, 230t
interpretive design 202
Iraqis 101–102
Ireland 227–228
Irigaray, Luce 420
Irish Americans 536
Irish restaurants 529–531, 530t, 531–532, 532f, 533, 536, 537n2
Itaewon (Seoul) 528
Italian restaurants 529–533, 530t, 532f, 533t
Italy 219, 227–228, 227f, 228f, 232
Ivory 131
J
J. Walter Thompson 33
Jack Daniels 139
Japan 28, 80, 257, 466
Japanese Americans 383–384
Japanese restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
Jerusalem Prize for Literature 232–233
Johnson, Andre E. 406
Johnson, Lisa Renee 402–403
Johnston, Josée 17
Jones, Brian 39
Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co. 404
Jordan, Jennifer A. 18, 487–500
Journal of Consumer Culture 110
Journal of Consumer Research 2, 110, 113, 130, 133, 143, 503–504
Journal of Macromarketing 504
Journal of Marketing 130, 143, 503–504
Journal of Marketing, Consumption, Markets, & Culture 110
Journal of Marketing Management 110, 504
Journal of Marketing Research 143, 503–504
Journal of Public Policy and Marketing 504
journals, key 514
Joyce, James 131
Judeo-Christian tradition 483
judgment devices 448–449
Jung, Carl 507–509
justice
environmental 579–580
food 547
social 546–548
just-in-time basis 80, 89
K
Kahneman, Daniel 553
Kane, Illinois 533
Kant, Immanuel 476–479
KCOR radio 385
Keane, Kevin 403
Kiestler, Lisa 295
key journals 514
Kim, Julie 157–158
Kiviat, Barbara 294
Kjellberg, Hans 303
knowledge
measurement of 365–366
practical 476
wheel of marketing knowledge 504–506, 505f
Knudsen, Gry Høngsmark 501–519
Komen, Susan G. 550
Korean Americans 393, 401–402
Korean restaurants 529, 530t, 531–532, 532f
Koreatown (Queens) 529, 530t
Kozinets, Robert 286
Križ, Katrin 292–293
Kundera, Milan 221
KWEX television 385
L
labels and labeling 38, 203, 443
labor 548–549
agricultural 492–493
cheap 277
emotional 249
gig 54
manual 59–60
task 55
underpaid 277
unpaid 277
labor costs 445–446
La La Land 534
Landshare 53–54
land use 273, 276
Latino magazines, English-language 392
Latino marketing 392
Latino marketing agencies 390
Latino media
Destino 1980 campaign 389
US market 381–395
Latour, Bruno 482
Lauer, Josh 344–345
#LaughingWhileBlack 402–403
Lave, Jean 315–316
Lawson, Nigella 108
Lazarsfeld, Paul F. 38–39
Lazarus, Jeanne 329
Leach, William 2
Lee, Martyn 19
legislation 37–38
legitimacy 197–213
cultural 179, 217–218
scene 522–523, 524t
LEGO 141
Leidner, Robin 324
leisure enterprises 158, 247–248
Lena, Jennifer 9
LendUp 351, 355n10
Lessig, Lawrence 53
Levy, Sidney 39, 96
liberal education 372
liberalism. See neoliberalism
liberalization 372
licensing 60
Licoppe, Christian 314
Lieberson, Stanley 417
life chances 293–296
life-cycle budgeting 284
life insurance 161–162
life politics 566
lifestyle 4–5, 474, 578–579
consumer 255–257
post-modern 582
youth lifestyles 258–259
#LikeAGirl 514–515
LinkedIn 263, 351
literature 219–224, 222f, 223f, 232–233
Lithuania 227–228, 227f, 228f
(p. 611) Little India (Toronto) 527
Little Italy (Toronto) 527
Little Koreas 526
Littler, Jo 568
Lizardo, Omar 15, 179–194
Lloyd, Richard 525
loaning sites 53–54
lobbying, data 387–88
local culture 225–226, 260–261
localism 59
location-consulting industry 444–446
logos 440
Long Boom 3
Los Angeles, California 64, 385, 534, 536
Mexican enclaves 529, 530t
Los Angeles School of Urbanism 536
loss aversion 554–555
Louch, Hugh 286–287
Louis Vuitton 373, 421
Love Island 260
lowbrow tastes 369–370, 370t
low-income families 292–293
Lury, Celia 440
Luxemburg, Rosa 274
luxury, symbolic 160
luxury goods 414–416, 510
Lyft 52–54, 62, 65, 67, 68n3
M
M4RJ (March for Racial Justice) 583–586, 586t
MacArthur Foundation 52–53
machine learning 276
macro-cultural contexts 465–467
magasins de nouveautés ( novelty stores) 34
Maguire, Jennifer Smith 15, 197–213
mail-order businesses 34–35
Maison Christian Dior 421
Malaysia 465–466
Mallard, Alexandre 301, 317
management
gender gaps 506–507
scientific 1
managerialism 28–29, 41
Man Booker International Prize 232–233
manual labor 59–60
manufacturing 80
March for Black Women 584
March for Racial Justice (M4RJ) 583–586, 586t
March for Science 583
Marcuse 4
marginalization 362, 373–374
marginalized populations 467, 525, 580
market(s) 549–550
consumer 461–465
cultivation of 301–320
cultural 215–237
cultural drivers 102–104
cultural studies of 5
emerging 446
ethnoracial 381–395
experiences 59
formatting 325–326
fragmentation of 35–36, 36t
globalization of 32–33
home advantage 217
hypersegmentation of 35–36, 36t
importance of 544, 551–552
moral 58, 162
neoclassical view of 215
reformulation 19, 541–591
segmentation 35–36, 36t
site selection 446
as social arenas 215
unification 35–36, 36t
US Latino media 381–396
market economy 158
marketing
19th to 20th century orientation 33–39
applied psychology in 38
cause-related 28
and consumer revolutions 29–33
demarketing 40
development of 36t
export 33
feminism and 501
future directions for research 141
gender in 501–519
history of 39–40
identity-based 550
internal 28, 32, 35
literature review 28–29
modern 29–30
(p. 612)
personalized 271
public health 8
scientific study of 1–2
self-marketing 316
social 28
social embeddedness of 27–49
stakeholder perspective on 31–32
target 35
wheel of marketing knowledge 504–506, 505f
marketing practitioners 514–515
Marketing Theory 110
market intermediaries 443–444, 451
marketplace cultures 100, 100f, 102–104
mass-mediated 100, 100f, 107–110
subcultures 459–461
marketplace discrimination 397–398, 398f, 401–402, 405. See also discrimination
market research 39
Marlboro Country 141
Marlboro Man 140
marriages, brokered 157–158
Martin, Diane 461
Martin, Seldon 1
Marx, Karl 2, 4, 76, 82, 548
on commodities 278n3
reserve army 88
on the senses 477–478
social theory 272–274
theory of production 79, 87
view of capitalism 89
Marxism 271–274
masculine consumption practices 256
Massachusetts 65, 295, 349
mass consumption 169
mass media 260
mass-mediated marketplace ideologies 100, 100f, 107–110
mass production 365
mass self-communication 269
mass society 262–263
master narratives 203
material culture 7–8, 168–171
materialism 133
materiality 7–8, 171–173, 262, 492–493
Matthew Effect (cumulative advantage effect) 415–416
Maurer, Bill 335
Mayer, Robert 2
Mayo, Elton 1
McAlexander, Jim 457–458
McDonaldization 85
McDonalds 386
McDonnell, Terence 8, 12–13
McFall, Liz 40–41
meaning
commodity biography 168–169
in ethical consumption 545
shared 170
social sense making 168–169
meaningful objects 131–132, 167–178. See also brands and branding
meaningless objects 168, 174–176
Mears, Ashley 17, 413–425, 513
Meatpacking District (NYC) 432
MechanicalTurk (Amazon) 54, 277
media 373
broadcast 385–387
cultural 226
digital 269–270
Latino 385–390
mass-mediated marketplace ideologies 100, 100f, 107–110
social 107–110, 249
Spanish-language 386–387
transactional 327
US Latino market 381–395
media discourse 261
media-oriented consumption 108
medicine 247–248
“Meet Me at Starbucks” campaign 246
Meissen Porcelain 31
Mejias, Ulises A. 16, 269–280, 279n6
memory 242–243
memory research