- The Regulation of Reproduction and Best Interests Analysis
- When Does a Right to Life Arise?
- “Of Sound Mind and Body”: A Call for Universal Drug Screening for All Newborns
- Legislation In Search of “Good-Enough” Care Arrangements for the Child: A Quest for Continuity of Care
- Screening Potential Parents
- Procreation and Parenting
- The ART of Parentage
- Adoption Versus Alternative Forms of Care
- Children in Fragile Families
- Protection of the Health of Newborns: Whatever Happened to Baby Doe?
- Corporal Punishment and the Law in Global Perspective
- Addressing Childhood Trauma: Phenomena as a Roadmap to Response
- Disputes over Medical Treatment for Children
- Children’s Right to Privacy
- The Child Protection System
- Contested Child Protection Policies
- How Federal Laws Pertaining to Foster Care Financing Shape Child Welfare Services
- Equal Parenting Time: The Case for a Legal Presumption
- Relational Parents: When Adults Receive Rights in Children Because of Their Relationship with a Parent
- The Changing Landscape of Funding Public Elementary and Secondary Education in the United States
- School Accountability
- Race and Education: School Desegregation and Resegregation since <i>Brown</i> and Promising Avenues toward Integration
- Children’s Religious Freedom in State Schools: Exemptions, Participation, and Education
- The Supreme Court Has Spoken: The Potential Impact of Decisions Interpreting US Federal Statutes on the Education of Students with Disabilities
- Proposed Policies to Reduce Weapons in Schools: Based on Research from an Ecological Conceptual Model
- The Intersection between Schools and the Criminal Justice System
- Private School Regulation: Individual Rights and Educational Responsibilities
- Considerations for Policymaking Affecting Adolescents in the Liberal Democracy
- Children and Juvenile Justice Law: The Possibilities of a Relational-Rights Approach
- Gender, Justice, and Youth Development
- Children’s Participation in Decisions about Parenting Arrangements
- Reforming Child Welfare
- The Promises and Pitfalls of Constitutionalizing Children’s Rights
Abstract and Keywords
In 1954, the Supreme Court overturned the long-held legal doctrine of “separate but equal” in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, holding that separate facilities for black and white students were inherently unequal, in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Brown marked the beginning of the civil rights era, an era in which the Supreme Court would no longer tolerate dual school systems separated along racial lines. However, the progress toward unitary school systems plateaued and seemed to reverse itself in the 1970s. This chapter reviews the legal and extra-legal developments that have complicated full integration. It suggests pursuing legal and political efforts at federal, state, and local levels—voluntary integration plans and inclusive policies, mediation, and litigation at the federal and state levels—to eradicate segregation and fulfill the promise of Brown in the increasingly diverse society of the twenty-first century in US public schools.
Pennsylvania State University
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