- The Regulation of Reproduction and Best Interests Analysis
- When Does a Right to Life Arise?
- “Of Sound Mind and Body”: A Call for Universal Drug Screening for All Newborns
- Legislation In Search of “Good-Enough” Care Arrangements for the Child: A Quest for Continuity of Care
- Screening Potential Parents
- Procreation and Parenting
- The ART of Parentage
- Adoption Versus Alternative Forms of Care
- Children in Fragile Families
- Protection of the Health of Newborns: Whatever Happened to Baby Doe?
- Corporal Punishment and the Law in Global Perspective
- Disputes over Medical Treatment for Children
- Children’s Right to Privacy
- The Child Protection System
- Contested Child Protection Policies
- How Federal Laws Pertaining to Foster Care Financing Shape Child Welfare Services
- Equal Parenting Time: The Case for a Legal Presumption
- Relational Parents: When Adults Receive Rights in Children Because of Their Relationship with a Parent
- School Accountability
- Race and Education: School Desegregation and Resegregation since <i>Brown</i> and Promising Avenues toward Integration
- Children’s Religious Freedom in State Schools: Exemptions, Participation, and Education
- Proposed Policies to Reduce Weapons in Schools: Based on Research from an Ecological Conceptual Model
- The Intersection between Schools and the Criminal Justice System
- Private School Regulation: Individual Rights and Educational Responsibilities
- Considerations for Policymaking Affecting Adolescents in the Liberal Democracy
- Children and Juvenile Justice Law: The Possibilities of a Relational-Rights Approach
- Gender, Justice, and Youth Development
- Children’s Participation in Decisions about Parenting Arrangements
- Reforming Child Welfare
- The Promises and Pitfalls of Constitutionalizing Children’s Rights
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines federal child welfare policy in historical perspective with close attention to the financial inducements used to encourage state policy and practice. The authors show that rather than setting a single child welfare policy for all fifty states, the US approach relies heavily on the budgeting process as a mechanism for shaping the field. Examples include the structure for accepting and responding to child maltreatment referrals; the design of foster care services; the approach to reunification and permanency services; extension of foster care beyond age eighteen; and, most recently, adoption of foster care prevention services to reduce reliance on out-of-home care. The result is similar system goals across states, with ample opportunities for disparate system designs and likely different experiences for families.
University of California, Berkeley
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