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date: 06 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Emotions, when viewed from the affective neuroscience perspective, arise from organized patterns of brain activity, which function to generate adaptive behavioral responses. Behavior that emerges from emotional brain engagement can almost always be characterized as motivated. Thus, emotion and motivation are highly interdependent concepts, particularly when it comes to behavioral expression. However, emotions do not always generate behavior, and behavioral outcomes of emotional engagement—that is, motivated behavior—are not always adaptive. The intersection and dissociation of emotion and motivation are reviewed in this chapter from an affective neuroscience perspective that is heavily influenced by the work of Jaak Panksepp.

Keywords: affect, neuroscience, psychopathology, bottom-up, translational

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