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date: 27 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

We now find an increasingly strong worldwide consensus that the phenomenon of climate change is real, fostered at least in part by human activities. This trend will have profound effects not only on local communities, societies, and regions but also on U.S. national security. Whereas the United States may have the resources to at least mitigate the effects of climate change within its own territory, most developing countries and their populations do not, and climate change will inevitably worsen already existing problems such as rising sea levels, desertification, and access to scarce water resources. This enhances the potential for conflict between societies and an unstable world order. The chapter defines and assesses the scope of environmental security concerns, focusing on important events, issues, and actors with implications for national and international security.

Keywords: biodiversity, carbon emissions, climate change, conflict, desertification, ecomigration, environment, global warming, sustainable development

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