- The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security
- About the Editors
- Foreword: U.S. National Security for the Twenty-First Century
- Introduction: Shape and Scope of U.S. National Security
- America’s Foreign Policy Traditions
- National Interests and Grand Strategy
- U.S. Foreign Policymaking and National Security
- Civil-Military Relations
- The Presidency and Decision Making
- The National Security Council: Is It Effective, or Is It Broken?
- The National Security Process
- Intelligence and National Security Decision Making
- Congress and National Security
- Diplomacy, the State Department, and National Security
- Development Assistance: Rationale and Applications
- Understanding and Improving U.S. Financial Sanctions
- The Political Economy of Security
- Budgeting for National Security
- Military Force Planning and National Security
- Military Operations and the Defense Department
- Alliances, Military Basing, and Logistics
- Homeland Security
- The United States and Iran: Challenges of Deterrence and Compellence
- U.S. Nuclear Strategy: The Search for Meaning
- International Cyber Conflict and National Security
- Encryption Wars: Who Should Yield?
- Space and National Security
- Human (In)Security
- Climate Change and Environmental Security
- Political Violence
- Women’s Participation in Political Violence
- International Terrorism
- Threats and Dangers in the Twenty-First Century
- International Rivalry and National Security
- Interstate Rivalry in East Asia
- The Transatlantic Security Landscape in Europe
- U.S. National Security in the Western Hemisphere
- Epilogue: Five Lessons for National Security Policymakers
Abstract and Keywords
Given the wide latitude that the U.S. president has in security policy, successive chief executives have created different structures and systems to develop and implement their foreign and defense agendas. One result has been dramatic differences in how information and options reach the president as each chief executive seeks to construct and maintain an advisory system that reflects his or her personal style and preferences. Among the various approaches, multiple advocacy has emerged as the most effective and efficient decision-making process to ensure that presidents consider a full range of security options and steer a more prudent course according to the advisory system.
Douglas M. Brattebo is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the James A. Garfield Center for the Study of the American Presidency at Hiram College. He teaches courses on Ethics in U.S. Foreign Policy; American Government; the American Presidency and the Executive Branch; the U.S. Congress; Political Parties and Interest Groups; The Virtues, Leadership, and Legacy of Abraham Lincoln; and Engaged Citizenship. He also leads study away courses to Australia, New Zealand, and the ancient forests of the U.S. Pacific Coast. He is coeditor of five books, most recently the two-volume set published in 2015, A Transformation in American National Politics: The Presidential Election of 2012 and Culture, Rhetoric and Voting: The Presidential Election of 2012.
Tom Lansford is a professor of Political Science at the University of Southern Mississippi, Gulf Coast and previously served as Academic Dean. He is a current member of the governing board of the National Social Science Association and a state liaison for Mississippi for Project Vote Smart. His research interests include foreign and security policy and the U.S. presidency. He is the author, coauthor, editor, or coeditor of more than fifty books and more than a hundred essays, book chapters, encyclopedic entries, and reviews. Recent sole-authored books include: A Bitter Harvest: U.S. Foreign Policy and Afghanistan, The Historical Dictionary of U.S. Diplomacy since the Cold War, and 9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq: A Chronology and Reference Guide. He has served as the coeditor of the journal White House Studies since 2010 and the editor of the Political Handbook of the World since 2012.
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