- The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security
- About the Editors
- Foreword: U.S. National Security for the Twenty-First Century
- Introduction: Shape and Scope of U.S. National Security
- America’s Foreign Policy Traditions
- National Interests and Grand Strategy
- U.S. Foreign Policymaking and National Security
- Civil-Military Relations
- The Presidency and Decision Making
- The National Security Council: Is It Effective, or Is It Broken?
- The National Security Process
- Intelligence and National Security Decision Making
- Congress and National Security
- Diplomacy, the State Department, and National Security
- Development Assistance: Rationale and Applications
- Understanding and Improving U.S. Financial Sanctions
- The Political Economy of Security
- Budgeting for National Security
- Military Force Planning and National Security
- Military Operations and the Defense Department
- Alliances, Military Basing, and Logistics
- Homeland Security
- The United States and Iran: Challenges of Deterrence and Compellence
- U.S. Nuclear Strategy: The Search for Meaning
- International Cyber Conflict and National Security
- Encryption Wars: Who Should Yield?
- Space and National Security
- Human (In)Security
- Climate Change and Environmental Security
- Political Violence
- Women’s Participation in Political Violence
- International Terrorism
- Threats and Dangers in the Twenty-First Century
- International Rivalry and National Security
- Interstate Rivalry in East Asia
- The Transatlantic Security Landscape in Europe
- U.S. National Security in the Western Hemisphere
- Epilogue: Five Lessons for National Security Policymakers
Abstract and Keywords
“National security” is one of the most ubiquitous terms in use in politics today—the catch-all justification for all sorts of actions taken by governments (and often the easiest way to justify budget requests). When the term first began to enter general use, it was often understood in terms of protecting a country against internal subversion and external military attack, but over time its definition has expanded to cover anything that poses a threat to a country’s ability to wield the tools of statecraft or that compromises the security and freedoms of its citizenry. In the twenty-first century, it is generally accepted that, alongside military matters, national security must encompass other concerns, including economic, climate, energy, and cyber issues.
Derek S. Reveron is a Professor of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval War College. He specializes in strategy development, non-state security challenges, and defense policy. He has authored or edited eleven books and is a faculty affiliate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School. His recent books include: Exporting Security: International Engagement, Security Cooperation, and the Changing Face of the US Military and Human and National Security: Transnational Challenges. He teaches courses on grand strategy, foreign policy analysis, human security, and cybersecurity. He received an M.A. in Political Science and a Ph.D. in Public Policy Analysis from the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Nikolas K. Gvosdev is Professor of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval War College and the Jerome E. Levy Chair for Economic Geography. He was the Editor of The National Interest magazine and a Senior Fellow of Strategic Studies at The Nixon Center in Washington, DC. He was also associate director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies at Baylor University and has served as an adjunct professor at Georgetown, George Washington, and Brown Universities. Dr. Gvosdev is the author or editor of a number of books, including, most recently, Communitarian Foreign Policy: Amitai Etzioni’s Vision, co-author of US Foreign Policy and Defense Strategy: The Rise of an Incidental Superpower, and co-author of Russian Foreign Policy: Interests, Vectors and Sectors. He received his doctorate from St Antony's College, Oxford University, where he studied on a Rhodes Scholarship.
Ambassador John A. Cloud is Professor of National Security Affairs and the William B. Ruger Chair of National Security Economics at the U.S. Naval War College. Ambassador Cloud is a specialist in European and economic issues who served as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Lithuania from August 2006 to July 2009. He previously served as the Deputy Chief of Mission at the United States Embassy in Berlin, Germany. Mr. Cloud was Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for International Economic Affairs on the National Security Council staff from 2001-2003. Mr. Cloud was Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union from 1999 to 2001. From 1996 to 1999, Mr. Cloud served as the Deputy Chief of Mission at the American Embassy in Warsaw, Poland. He had earlier Foreign Service assignments in Germany, Poland, and Mexico. Mr. Cloud received his B.A. from the University of Connecticut in 1975 and his M.A. in International Affairs from George Washington University in 1977.
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