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date: 22 October 2020

Index

Index

Note: Tables, figures, and boxes are indicated by an italic t, f, and b, respectively, following the page number.

A
“abstract economic theory” 23–24, 580–81
abstractions 580–82
academic misrepresentation 589
accessibility expectation 566–67
acosmism 295–96, 357
acquisition
in Islam 412
orientations of 58
acquisitive capitalism 26–27, 41, 57
representation and 39–40
acquisitive to rentier capitalism 33–35
Adair-Toteff, Christopher 379, 430
adequacy 585–86
administrative systems 248–49
Adorno, Theodor 358, 468
adventurer capitalism 59
advocacy 137, 138t
aesthetic culture
of art 450f, 452–53, 455
innovation of 451–52
middle classes and 451
of modern metropolis 451–52
of music 452
of poetry 453–55, 461n33
of religion 452–53, 454–55
science related to 456
superiority within 456–57
Tolstoy in 455–56
African bishops 351n33
agrarian capitalism
class and 61, 62
industrial capitalism and 61
The Agrarian Sociology of Ancient Civilizations (Weber, Max) 90
Albert, Hans 25
Albertario, Davide 340
Alexander the Great 213
Ambros, August Wilhelm 485n64
America 513, 522–23. See also Occident
civil society and sect in 169–71
income inequality gap in 564–65
labor in 398–99
reinterpretations in 591
slavery in 395
American Legislative Council (ALEC) 119
American Revolution 508–9
American Sociological Association 554n50, 573n55
Amish studies 497n24
analysis 14, 249–50
of capitalism 48
ancient capitalism 54–55
ancient Israel. See Israel
Anderson, Benedict 188, 198–99
Anderson, Perry 116
Anglican Church 351n33
animism 360–61, 367
Anstalt (compulsory institution) 95
anthropology 603
antiauthoritarianism 242, 280–81
anti-foundationalism 177–78
appropriations
in modern capitalism economics 28–30, 34
of Weber, Max 547–48
Archive for Social Legislation and Social Statistics 48
Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik (Journal for Social Science and Social Policy) 540–41
editorial team of 26–27
field of inquiry for 48
(p. 616) Arendt, Hannah 375
Aristotle 385, 389
Armstrong, John 248
Arnold, Matthew 167
Aron, Raymond 542–43, 591
Asad, Talal 419
Association for Social Policy (Verein für Sozialpolitik) 472–73
associations 7, 93, 168, 175, 528–29
American Sociological Association 554n50, 573n55
German Sociological Association 544–46
associative agreement (soziales/vergesellschaftetes Einverständnis) 93
“associative practice” 178
atheism 490–91
attribution 191
attunement 477–79
Augustinian Christianity 379
Austrian school of economics 21, 24–26
“authoritarian liberalism” 121
“authoritative domination” 136
authority 340–41, 378, 561, 563–64, 572n38. See also domination
antiauthoritarianism 242, 280–81
in Islam 413, 414–15, 418–23
autonomy 211–12, 457, 476–77
in “iron cage” and “virtual cage” 568, 574n74
in multiple modernities 506–7, 511
in rationalizations of culture 445–46
“Axial Age” 510–11
Axial civilizations 549–50
B
Bakhtin, Mikhail 386
balance of powers 259
Bank of England 78–79
banks 32. See also monopolistic banking
bill of exchange and 78
operations of 76–78
pre-capitalist 77–78
Baptists 356
barbarian 207
bargaining strategies 249–50
barter exchange 73, 76, 81, 83n36
Basic Concepts (Weber, Max) 193–95
Basic Outline of Social Economics (Grundriss der Sozialökonomik) 48–49. See also Economy and Society
Bastin, Gilles 155
Bauer, Otto 192
Bavaria 268–69
Beischek, Andreas 368
belief 578
domination and 240
science and 365–66
Bellah, Robert 353, 363–64, 370
Bendix, Reinhard 548
Benedict XVI (pope) 365
Benjamin, Walter 353–54, 363, 368–69
Berger, Johannes 57
Berger, Peter 430, 434, 435
Berle, Adolf 142–43
Berlin, Isaiah 575
Berlin Phonogram Archive 471
best practices 568
Beyond Good and Evil (Nietzsche) 471
Bildung (“cultivation”) 353–54
bill of exchange 78
biographies, of Weber, Max 469–70, 537, 544
The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music (Nietzsche) 467
Bismarck, Otto von 336
Blaut, James M. 525
Bloch, Ernst 470–71
Blumenberg, Hans 597, 608
Boas, Franz 603
bodhisattva 383
Book of Documents 385, 388
Book of Rites 388
booty capitalism 56, 60
name of 63
Bourdieu, Pierre 458
“Bourgeois Democracy in Russia” (“Zur Lage der bürgerlichen Demokratie in Rußland”) (Weber, Max) 261
bourgeois liberalism
calculability in 113, 115, 125n18, 126n22
in city and civil society 211
class and 114, 115
climate change and 123–24
competition in 113
(p. 617) democracy and 115, 124
democratic rationality in 124
“free-market” capitalism in 111, 115, 126n33
labor in 112–13
“last humans” in 111, 113, 125n17
neoliberalism in 111–12
progressivism and 123
Puritan ethic in 112–13
rationalism in 111
socialism and 114
speculation in 113–14
“spirit of capitalism” in 112, 114
traditionalism in 112
brahmanocentrism 402–3
Brahmans 397–98, 402–3, 408
Braun, Christoph 465–66, 470, 480, 481n12
Brazil 15–16
Breuer, Stefan 231, 430
Britain. See Great Britain
Broch, Hermann 607
Bruhns, Hinnerk 10
Bücher, Karl 44n38, 473, 474
Buddhism 366, 367, 383, 387
Daoism and 388
buildings, tattoos on 492
Bull, Hedley 232
Bunyan, John 569n6
bureaucracies 280, 362–63, 503. See also deregulation and rent-seeking entrepreneurs; “iron cage” and “virtual cage”
characteristics of 567
in China 376
democracy and 559, 563–64, 567, 569n1
efficiency of 561–62
in governments 558–59
hierarchical systems in 559, 561
inevitability of 558–59, 560
institutional isomorphism of 562
interest groups in 559–60
as “iron cage” and “virtual cage” 567–69
as “iron cage” today 562–67
law related to 561
as Max Weber’s “iron cage” 560–62
in modern state violence monopoly 228
necessity of 558–60, 570n8
in plebiscitary politics’ legality 285–86
public meta-policy in 562
public sector and 567–68
rationalization and 560–61
in rationalization and globalization 161–62
sociology of organizations and 561
surveillance and 562–63
in Turkish civil society 219
bureaucratic administrative staff 247–48
bürgerliche Gesellschaft. See civil society
Burnham, James 143, 145
Bush, George W. 308n48
C
calculability. See also money, property, and calculability
in bourgeois liberalism 113, 115, 125n18, 126n22
in capitalism 157
in modern market finance capitalism 93
rationalization and 152
calculation
capital and 73–75, 84n41, 84n44
of profitability 75–76
calendar 477–78
Calvinism 315, 356
Catholicism and 339
Islam compared to 412, 416, 417, 418, 419
Voltaire and 380
capital 81, 142–43
calculation and 73–75, 84n41, 84n44
capitalism and 35, 67n59
definitions of 54, 73
labor and 29–30
as money-capital 84n41
capital accounting 28, 57
elements of 51
in pre-capitalist systems 76
profit and 74, 84n44
capitalism 10–11, 501, 515. See also specific types
analysis of 48
calculability in 157
capital and 35, 67n59
caste system related to 394
in China 56, 60
in city and civil society 210–11
(p. 618) constraint and 52
craftsmen in 52
definitions of 50–53, 54, 90
in France 47
genesis and development of 59–61
geography and 57
in Germany 47
Hinduism and 409
history of civilization and 53–55
in India 502
inventory of 53–56
Islam and 422
in Japan 514
Judaism and 429
of Kultur 48
market exchange in 54
modern 55–56
in modern occidental culture 449
in modern world ethics statements 316–17, 319–20, 331n50
in modern world ethics today 323–24, 326–27
money monopolization in 52
in Occident 520–21
orientation and opportunities of 58
orientations of 58–59
peaceful commercial possibilities in 53
preoccupation with 47–48
production in 52
protectionism and 62
rationalism related to 51, 58
religion and 60, 368
rights of sale in 52
slavery in 54
socialism and 62
speculative trader 51
stages of 52, 57
state and 62–63
types of 56–59
violence related to 394
wealth-accumulating 34, 38, 41
workshops in 52
world-systems theory on 157
capitalization 62
Cardoso, Fernando Henrique 608
Casanova, José 332n87, 343, 366
Castells, Manuel 144
caste system
brahmanocentrism of 402–3
Brahmans in 397–98, 402–3, 408
capitalism related to 394
centrality of 394
charisma in 405–6
class related to 394–95, 403
determination of 393
economic power and 398
feudalism in 405–8
kings in 404
legitimacy of 403–5
legitimation of 403–5
market development and 396–97
marriage and 399
physical labor in 398–99
political power in 401–2
power related to 393, 394, 398–402
primogeniture in 407
production and consumption in 397–98
property and 397–98, 402, 404–6
publications on 393–94
in Rajasthan 400
religious usurpation in 401
social honor in 400–401
as status group 395–97, 403
status usurpation in 396
tribalism of 406–8
Categories (Weber, Max) 193–95
Catholicism 12. See also Vatican; specific popes
absolutism and 340–41
Calvinism and 339
Christian democracy and 341–43
denomination and 335–36, 348
disenchantment and 355–56
fascism and 342–43
French Revolution and 339–40
gender in 346–47
grace in 338
Kant and 337
in late twentieth century 345
Lord’s Supper in 339
as low-intensity religion 347–48
Maritain in 342–43, 344
marriage and 345–46
(p. 619) modernism within 341–42
modernity and 337–40
nation-state and 341
Nietzsche and 337
papal authority in 340–41
political identity of 341
politics and 339–42
polytheism of 338
post-World War II 343
Protestantism compared to 335, 338
Protestant Reformation and 336–37
rationalization in 339
redefinition of 344
sacraments of 338–39, 346, 355
sexual modernization and 345–48, 351n33
social justice and 344
subsidiarity and 343, 350n24
Taylor and 345
traditionalism of 338
Vatican II in 335, 340, 343–44, 345, 348
caudilloism (rule by strongmen) 513–14
causal adequacy 585–86
causality 591
social sciences and 579–80
values and 586
causation, value judgments, Verstehen 575
facts and values in 576–79
Cavalli, Luciano 438
central bank 32
chance 11
in supranational politics 259
die Chance (“opportunity,” “chance,” “probability”) 250n7
charisma
antiauthoritarianism and 281
in caste system 405–6
domination and 241–44
examples of 241–42
in modern world ethics statements 321
“plebiscitary democracy” and 242
in plebiscitary politics’ legality 280–85
of prophets 430–31, 433–34, 435–37
from Sohm 430, 436
studies on 241
charisma institutionalization 242–44
charismatic domination 239–40, 242
chief executive officers (CEOs) 36, 117–18
China 6, 31
“analogical culture” in 382–83
asceticism in 379, 380
Book of Documents in 385
bureaucracy in 376
capitalism in 56, 60
clan in 375–76
Confucianism in 378–84, 389
cosmology in 380, 382–83
Dao de Jing in 381–82
England compared to 86n98
feudalism in 375, 390n2
gods of 380–81
I Ching in 376, 378, 382
Japan and 514–16
language of 14, 377–78, 386–90, 392n36
law in 375–76
legal-rationalism in 378–79
magic in 376, 379
Mandarin in 376
materialism in 380
merchant capital–state relation in 81
“money shops” in 81
moral universe in 381–82
in multiple modernities 507, 510, 511–12, 514–16
nationalism of 389–90
patriarchalism in 527–28
patrimonialism in 244–45, 378
poetry in 385
primogeniture in 381
rationalism in 376–79, 382
reciprocity in 389
relations in 379–80
rituals in 383
stable money of account in 80
theodicy and 379
urban associations in 528–29
vernacularization and 378, 386–90
virtue in 381
will in 380, 383
Zhou dynasty in 381
Chinese Internet 158
choice 264
science as 597
Chomsky, Noam 198, 205n53
(p. 620) “chordal-harmonic music” 477, 486n81
Christian democracy 341–43
Christianisme et démocratie (Maritain) 342
Christianity 379, 497n28, 580. See also Catholicism; Protestant ethic; specific popes
Anglican Church 351n33
Paul the Apostle 376
politics and 589
citizenship. See also statecraft, soulcraft, and citizenship
in oriental city and societies 214
city and civil society (polis) 207. See also oriental city and societies; Turkish civil society
bourgeois liberalism in 211
capitalism in 210–11
city states in 209
development of 209–10
economics in 212
interest in 209
law in 212
in middle ages 210
military autonomy in 211–12
military power and independence of 209–10
modern social theory in 208
occidental city and 208–12, 221nn7–8
oriental city and societies in 213–17
rationalization in 208–9
rural economy in 211
city states 209
civicness 177, 179
civility, impartiality, and partisanship
anti-foundationalism in 177–78
“associative practice” of 178
civic-moral effects in 179–80
civicness in 177, 179
competition in 178–79
democratic theorists on 177
pluralism of 178
political virtue in 180–81
public sphere compared to 180
responsibility of 178
syncretic ethic in 180
transmission of 177
civilization. See Kultur
civil society (bürgerliche Gesellschaft) 174–75, 181. See also city and civil society; Turkish civil society
definitions of 167–68, 170
social of 170–71
civil society and America
education in 170
Hegel related to 170–71
Marx and 170–71
postwar political rehabilitation in 169–70
religion in 169
sect in 169–70
civil society and partisanship
“concept” in 168–69
norms in 168
part in 168
sociological forms of associations and 168
space in 168
state and 168
theory in 169
“theory-ladenness” in 169
Walzer and 167–68
Claire Underwood (fictitious character) 303–4
clan charisma 405–6
clans
in China 375–76
city related to 376
definition of 375
states related to 408
class (Klasse) 154. See also middle classes
agrarian capitalism and 61, 62
bourgeois liberalism and 114, 115
caste system related to 394–95, 403
Fidei Commission and 61
governance and 39
market related to 395
Marx on 38–39, 394
modernism and 208
in multiple modernities 505
in nation, scientific treatment of 191–92, 203n36
neoliberalism and 39
in Palestine 213
politics and 40–41
property related to 395
status and 36–37
(p. 621) in stratification 35–36
in Turkish civil society 218
class, status, and rentier politics 38–41
“Class, Status, and Party” (Weber, Max) 394
Classical Art (Wölfflin) 458
“classics” 5
clientelism 246–47
climate 215
climate change 122–24
Clinton, Bill 187–88
closed social relationship structures 94
coercion 137, 138, 138t
command and 139–40
Coffee, John C., Jr. 105n6
Collected Essays on the Sociology of Religion (Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Religionssoziologie) (Weber, Max) 6, 8, 13, 152
“Prefatory Remarks” of 521–22
Collins, Randall 70, 154, 156, 161
Colliot-Thélène, Catherine 233
coming-of-age ceremony (Jugendweihe) 493–94
commands
in businesses 142
coercion and 139–40
domination and 137–38, 138t, 238–39
symbolic power and 141
commemorative myths 367–68
commercial law 103
committed observer (spectateur engagé) 542–44
commodity theory of money 85n70
communication 559
communitarians 176
communitarian-social model 173
community (Gemeinschaft) 194, 199–200
disenchantment and 357
ethnic 191, 192, 203n34, 204n41
imagined 198, 558
of Israel 433
political 94
community formation (Vergemeinschaftung) 193
comparative musicology (Vergleichende Musikwissenschaft) 472
competition 4–5, 64, 101–2, 547
in bourgeois liberalism 113
in civility, impartiality, and partisanship 178–79
interstate 507
in nation-state public and private law 98
in plebiscitary politics’ legality 284
revolutions and 508
of Weltpolitik 263
compulsory institution (Anstalt) 95
“concatenation” of circumstances 8
concatenation of processes 499
conflict 587
Confucianism
Daoism and 378–83, 387
Doctrine of the Mean of 389
rules in 383–84
Confucius 381–82, 386, 388, 389
Congress of Arts and Science (1904) 603
consequentialism 102
constitutional practice 4
constitutional reforms 261
contemporary existential cultures 489–99
contracts 95, 346–47
conviction. See ethic of conviction
corporate oligarchy 565
corporate restructuring 119
corrective influence 135, 136
Corrigan, Michael (fictitious character) 303–4
Counter-Reformation 509–10
credit, Roman 78, 85n80
credit notes 33–34
creditors 83n32
“critical rationalism” 544–45
“cultivation” (Bildung) 353–54
cultural history 10
cultural sciences 577
“cultural struggle” (Kulturkampf) 336
cultural traditions
of Islam 415, 417
theory of nation 200, 205n62
D
(p. 622) Dahrendorf, Ralf 543–45, 547
Dalton, Melville 142
Dandeker, Christopher 156–57
Danish Jews 301–2
Danish newspaper 303
Dao 377, 380
Dao de Jing 381–82
Daoism
Buddhism and 388
Confucianism and 378–83, 387
Davies, William 26
death 420, 421
meaning of 361–62
of Weber, Max 537, 540
debt-relationships 78
debts 77, 79, 143
in media of exchange 72, 83n32
decision-making 563
Declaration of Human Rights, UN 244
Declaration of Independence (1776) 202n11
‘demagogy’ 279, 280
democracy 176, 265, 308n40, 319, 330n39, 341, 568–69. See also “plebiscitary democracy”
bourgeois liberalism and 115, 124
bureaucracies and 559, 563–64, 567, 569n1
demagogy compared to 280
“iron cage” and “virtual cage” and 567
Islam related to 414
Maritain on 342–43
democratic legitimacy 281
democratic theorists 177
denationalization 270, 271
denomination 335–36, 348
deregulation and rent-seeking entrepreneurs 573n58
income inequality gap in 564–65
privatization in 565–66
The Developmental Conditions of the Law (Weber, Max) 94–99, 106n30, 107n34
Dialectic of Enlightenment (Horkheimer and Adorno) 358
Dilthey, Wilhelm 590
diplomacy 264
discipline, contestation, and the political
communitarian-social model and 173
“gatekeeping” in 172
ideal moral character in 171
leaders in 173
membership in 172–73
responsibility in 172–73
sect-like society in 171
social dimension in 172
total personality in 171–72
disenchantment (Entzauberung) 12
Benjamin on 353–54, 363, 368–69
Catholicism and 355–56
commemoration of 366–68
commemorative myths and 367–68
community and 357
consistency in 356–57, 364, 366
consumerism or 362–63
evolution related to 356
Heidegger related to 361, 371n22
historical context of 359
Jewish prophecy and 355
magic and 355–57, 360, 364
meaninglessness related to 359–62
modernities and 365–66
monotheism and 355
in multiple modernities 500
Nietzsche and 360, 361, 369, 371n22
“nothing lost” or 363–65, 370
objectification and 362
Protestantism and 355–57
religion and 12, 368–70
religiosity and 357
religious-historical process of 354–57
rituals and 362–65
scientific-historical process of 357–58
secularization and 366
specialization related to 359
value of 358–59
value-spheres in 357
distribution of power 11
divine kings 243
divorce 346–47
Doctrine of the Mean 388
“domestic booty-capitalism” 56
Domhoff, William 145
domination (Herrschaft) 134
advocacy in 137, 138t
“allocative control” in 135
(p. 623) “authoritative” 136
belief and 240
charisma and 239–44
charisma institutionalization and 242–44
coercion in 137, 138, 138t
command in 137–38, 138t, 238–39
corrective influence as 135, 136
definition of 238
expertise related to 137, 138t
in Islam 423
legitimacy of 238–41
manipulation in 136, 138t
mastery in 137, 138t
origins of 237–38
patrimonialism and 244–47
persuasive influence as 135–36, 137
in plebiscitary politics’ legality 282–83
power, legitimacy and 238–39, 250n7
publications on 237–38
in rationalization and globalization 161
sacredness of 239–40
sociology of 228–29
subalterns in 136–37
“sultanism” as 218, 241, 245, 422
types of 239–40
Droysen, Johann Gustav 600
Dumont, Louis 401–2, 403
Durkheim, Emile 319
E
Eberhard, Wolfram 245
ecological catastrophe 367, 550–51
economic action 92
economically conditioned power 394
economic division of labor 31
economic enterprise 73–74, 83
economic ethics 505
economic history 21
economic power 35, 140
caste system and 398
“economic rationalism” 152
economics 212. See also specific topics
economic sociology 71
economic traditionalism 527, 533n39
Economy and Society (Weber, Max) 6, 221n8. See also specific topics
Outline and 48–49
outline of 9
reserved chapters in 49
rulership in 9, 50
thematic framework for 8–9
themes for 9–10, 49–50
economy of attention 286
ecosystems 121–22
education
in civil society and America 170
status group and 396
in Turkish civil society 220
Edwards, Michael 168
Eisenstadt, Shmuel 416–17. See also multiple modernities
“elective affinity” (Wahlverwandtschaft) 412
Elias, Norbert 458–59
Ellis, Alexander J. 470, 471, 483n34, 484n50
emotional communalization (emotionale Vergemeinschaftung) 438
emotions 195–96, 198, 584–85
Israel related to 433–34, 438–39
in nation, scientific treatment of 192
plebiscitary politics’ legality and 279
prophets related to 438
empathy 584–85
empire 386–87. See also specific empires
empirical reality 581
empirical validity 458
“endogenous” money 85n70
England 544
Bank of 78–79
China compared to 86n98
money’s devaluation in 72
English language 388
(p. 624) English law 100
English translations 6
Enron Corporation 117–18
Entzauberung. See disenchantment
eroticism 361–62
essentialism 413
ethical irrationality 294, 307n21
ethical neutrality 588–89
ethic of conviction (Gesinnungsethik) 321
in cases 300–301
in databases 299–300
ethic of politics
cases of 300–304
“combination” of 297–98, 308n44
Danish Jews and 301–2
databases of 299–300, 308n45, 308n48
ethical irrationality in 294, 307n21
ethic of responsibility in 293–98, 306nn20–21, 308n44, 308n46
ethics’ limits in 293
foreign policy “power states” in 295
House of Cards and 303–4, 309nn57–58
legitimate violence in 294–95, 307n26
Muhammad cartoons and 303
politics’ two ethics in 297
relevance of 298–99
utilitarianism and 302
value conflict and hierarchy of values in 296–97
ethic of responsibility (Verantwortungsethik)
in cases 301–4
combination with 297–98
in databases 299–300
in ethic of politics 293–98, 306nn20–21, 308n44, 308n46
value conflict and 296–97
ethics and politics 12
inaugural lecture on 292
ultimate values conflict in 291–92
“Ethics and Religion” 12
ethnic communities 191, 192, 203n34, 204n41
ethnography 490–91
Etzioni, Amitai 137
Europäisierung (“Europeanization”) 523
Europe 549–50
European-American Occident 522–23
European Convention on Human Rights (1948) 323
European Court of Justice 32
“European cultural world.” See Occident
European expansion 510
Europeanism 350n24
“Europeanization” (Europäisierung) 523
European nobility 395, 403
European Single Market 32
European Union (EU) 250, 366
central bank and 32
in supranational dimension 271–72
Evidenz 584–85
existential cultures. See also life conduct
Kracauer on 488, 489, 495, 497n33
non-religious in 489–90, 494b, 495, 496nn13–14
non-religious questions of 490, 496n17
“shelter” and 489, 496n11
surveys and 496n13
types of 490, 496n18
expectations 195, 566–67
expertise 137, 138t, 141
expropriation 29, 30
F
failed states 233
faith healers 365
fascism 242
Catholicism and 342–43
Federal Reserve bail out 118
feelings. See emotions
Feher, Ferenc 481n20
Fend, Michael 471
feudalism 375, 390n2, 514–15
in caste system 405–8
feudal revolution 209
Fidei Commission 61
(p. 625) finance, in neoliberalism 117–18, 127n46, 127n48
finance capitalism 58, 84n44
‘financers’ 34, 45n54
financial capitalism 32. See also market finance capitalism
financial crisis (2008) 118–20
Fleck, Ludwig 613n59
force 136
Ford, Henry 34
foreign policy
of Germany 260–62, 265
“power states” in 295
“formal” law 375–76
formal rationality 91, 93
Foucault, Michel 458
Fourastié, Jean 564
framing 14
France 267
capitalism in 47
Francis (pope) 346, 348
Frank Underwood (fictitious character) 303–4
“free competition” 101–2
freedom 445
value- 314, 545, 588–89
freedom of choice 264
“freedom of expression” 303
free labor 32
“free-market” capitalism
in bourgeois liberalism 111, 115, 126n33
ethics and 111, 124n1
“free-market” redux. See neoliberalism
free markets 26
free-market theories 24–25
Freiburg appointment (of Max Weber) 21–23
French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789) 202n11
French Revolution 508–9
Catholicism and 339–40
frequency ratios 483n34
Freud, Sigmund 355
Freyer, Hans 604–6
Friedman, Thomas L. 115–16, 127n42
From Max Weber (Gerth and Mills) 134
Fukuyama, Francis 115
future 14–16
G
Galilei, Vincenzo 479–80
Gane, Nicholas 43n22
Gaudium et Spes 344
Geertz, Clifford 12, 243
Gehlen, Arnold 606
Gelassenheit 491, 493, 497n24
Gellner, Ernest 159, 161, 413–14, 425n22
Nations and Nationalism by 188, 202n23
on rationalization and modern culture 153–54
on written language 198–99
Gemeinschaft. See community
gender 346–47
Genealogy of Morality (Nietzsche) 466–67, 481n18
geography 57
geography and climate 215
geopolitics 156–57
in rationalization and globalization 160–61
George, Stefan 361, 454–55, 540
German Democratic Republic (GDR) 491
Germandom 190
German Empire 336
German historical school of economics 89
German Occupation in World War II 301–2
German political behaviour 300–301, 309n51
German Second Empire 201
modernization of 197, 205n55
German Sociological Association 544–46
Germany
capitalism in 47
Great Britain and 551
in nation, nation-state, and nationalism 189–91, 203n27, 203nn29–30, 203n32
Germany’s foreign policy 260–62, 265
Gerth, Hans 134
Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Religionssoziologie (Collected Essays on the Sociology of Religion) (Weber, Max) 6, 8, 13, 152
“Prefatory Remarks” of 521–22
Gesamtpersönlichkeit (total personality) 171
Gesellschaft (society) 171, 194
Gesinnungsethik. See ethic of conviction
(p. 626) Gibson, Melissa James 309n58
Giddens, Anthony 207
Gilbert v. Brett (1604) 72
Giwago, S. J. 261
Gladstone, William E. 336
global histories 548–49
globalization 4, 15
global modernity 548–49
goal, value compared to 264, 307n37
gods 369, 370, 436
of China 380–81
Ikhnaton 355
“Goethe’s Elective Affinities” (Benjamin) 353–54
goods’ utility 83n36
Goody, Jack 526
Gordon, Robert J. 121
Gouldner, Alvin W. 137, 142
governance 39, 563–64
governments
bureaucracies in 558–59
“iron cage” and “virtual cage” and 567
parliamentary 270
government spending 81–82
Great Britain 264
Germany and 551
“great divergence” of 550
Great Learning 388
Great War. See World War I
Greece 213
Israel compared to 438
greed 119–20
Greek 385, 388
Greek city states 209
Greek social structure 215–16
greenhouse gas (GHG) 122, 129n73
Gregorian reform 209
Gregory XVI (pope) 336, 340
gross domestic product (GDP) 120
Grundriss der Sozialökonomik. See Basic Outline of Social Economics
Gutman, Amy 175
Guttman, Allen 332n79
H
Habermas, Jürgen 358
habilitation thesis (of Max Weber) 606
Hamilton, Gary 245, 527–28
Han dynasty 379
Harnack, Adolf 430
Harris, William V. 85n80
Haydn, Joseph 474
Hayek, Friedrich 43n19, 43n22, 127n42
free-market theories of 24–25
Hegel, Georg Friedrich Wilhelm 568
civil society and America related to 170–71
on statecraft 175–76
Heidegger, Martin 361, 371n22, 586
Heidelberg conference (1964) 546
“critical rationalism” at 544–45
“critical theory” at 545
“positivism dispute” at 545
value-freedom at 545
Hellenism 213
Helmholtz, Hermann von 470, 471
Hennis, Wilhelm 228
Henrich, Dieter 551
Heper, Metin 218, 223n65
hereditary 39
hereditary charisma 243
Herman, Edward 143
Herrschaft. See domination
Hertz, Heinrich 483n34
hexachord system 476, 485n73
hierarchical systems 559, 561. See also bureaucracies
“high capitalism” (Hochkapitalismus) 37
Hijiya-Kirschnereit, Irmela 367
Hinduism 394, 409
historical-critical edition 5
historical perspective, in modern state violence monopoly 229–30
historical sciences 551–52, 577–78
histories 10, 21, 601–2, 610n28. See also disenchantment; methodological writings historical background; Occident
causal adequacy and 585–86
global 548–49
prehistoric differences 526–27, 533n38
science and 551–52
“universal” 550–51
(p. 627) history of civilization 53–55
Hochkapitalismus (“high capitalism”) 37
Hodgson, Geoffrey 84n41
Homo Hierarchicus (Dumont) 401–2, 403
homosexuality 347
Honigsheim, Paul 338, 469, 470–71, 540
Horkheimer, Max 358, 362
householding economy 31
House of Cards 303–4, 309nn57–58
Huang, Ray 86n98
Huberman, Leo 403
Humani Generis (Pius XII) 341
Humanisme Intégrale (Maritain) 342
human rights 101, 244, 323
human sciences 3
Humboldt, Wilhelm von 598
I
I Ching 376, 378, 382
ideal types 581–82
Ikhnaton 355
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism (Anderson, B.) 188
imagined community 198, 558
impersonal relations 153
Inalcik, Halil 219
inaugural lecture (of Max Weber) 292
income inequality gap 564–65
India 245, 338, 384. See also caste system
capitalism in 502
other-worldliness of 511–12
stability of 512
Indian exceptionalism. See caste system
indigenous cultures 512, 515
Maoris 368
music of 470–73
indirect exchange 73
individualism 194, 204n43, 316, 583–84
in modern world ethics today 322, 326–27
industrial capitalism 37, 58–59, 84n44
agrarian capitalism and 61
politics and 60–61
Industrial Revolution 531n13
Inglis, David 467
“inherent laws” (Eigengesetzlichkeiten) 292
“instinctive nationalist” 85
institutional isomorphism 158, 562
instrumental rationality 92–93, 153–54
instrumental values 587–88
intellectual inquiry 9, 13, 314
“intellectual integrity” 3
intellectualism 360
interest groups 559–60
interests 8, 17n14, 451, 568–69
“Intermediate Reflection” (“Zwischenbetrachtung”) (Weber, Max) 8–9
international audience 3
international law 267
international order 232–33
international organizations 269
international state theories 227. See also modern state violence monopoly
international trade 387
interpretation 575–76, 591
interpretation competition 4–5
interpretive science 25
intervals, in sociology of music 468, 483n34
Investigations (Menger) 23
“inwardly autonomous workings (Eigengesetzlichkeiten)” 457
“iron cage” 102–3, 568, 569n6. See also bureaucracies
“iron cage” and “virtual cage”
autonomy in 568, 574n74
bureaucracies as 567–69
democracy and 567
governments and 567
private interests in 568–69
rationalization in 567–68
“iron cage” in economic policy and work
accessibility expectation in 566–67
deregulation and rent-seeking entrepreneurs 564–66, 573n58
“iron cage” today
bureaucracies as 562–67
in decision-making 563
in everyday life 562–63
in society at large 563–64
Isensee, Josef 232
(p. 628) Islam
acquisition in 412
adequacy related to 412, 424n11
Calvinism compared to 412, 416, 417, 418, 419
capitalism and 422
civilization of 419–21
cultural traditions of 415, 417
democracy related to 414
domination in 423
“elective affinity” in 412
essentialism and 413
ethical and structural factors in 420
fundamentalism in 417–19, 426n53
importance of 411–12
institutionalization and 423
jihad in 419–21
justice in 414, 421–22
multiple modernities on 416–18
nation-states and 414, 425n22
patrimonialism and legitimacy in 421–23
policymaking participation in 421
political confessionalism of 417
Protestant ethic and 413–14
rationalization and 415, 420
reframing about 414–16
religious authority in 413, 414–15, 418–23
revision of 418
secularization in 418–19
self-control and 415–16
shari’a and 421
stereotype of 416
structural differentiation of 416–17
“sultanism” in 422
transparency and 413
universalism related to 415
value-spheres of 417
Islamism 509
Israel 213–15
community of 433
covenant of 431–32
emotions related to 433–34, 438–39
Greece compared to 438
Jesus in 436
without magic 431–33
prophets’ charismatic politics in 433–34, 435–37
prophets compared to priests in 436
Protestantism and 430, 432, 435
relevance of 434–38
religious ethic and 429
sociology of rationalism and 429
Western rationality from 431–32
J
Japan 364–65, 367, 541
Axial civilizations and 549–50
capitalism in 502
China and 514–16
in multiple modernities 514–15
Jaspers, Karl 510, 591
Jaurès, Jean 199
Jenkins, Richard 362
Jesus 436
Jews, Danish 301–2
Jewish prophecy and disenchantment 355
jihad, in Islam 419–20
Journal for Social Science and Social Policy. See Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik
Judaism 125n4, 356, 441n34. See also Israel
capitalism and 429
covenant in 380–81
German Occupation in World War II and 301–2
in oriental city and societies 213
populism related to 430–31, 434, 436–39
judicial systems. See law
Jugendweihe (coming-of-age ceremony) 493–94
Jullien, François 377, 383
jurisprudential formation 89
jurists 90–91, 174
jurists and religion
consequentialism in 102
English law in 100
“free competition” in 101–2
human rights in 101
modern capitalism and 100, 108n48
natural law in 101–2
notaries in 100–101, 108n50
rationalization in 99–100, 102, 103
(p. 629) secularization in 99
sociology in 98–99, 103
systematization in 99–100
usus modernus in 101
justice 32, 293, 344
in Islam 414, 421–22
in Turkish civil society 219–20
K
Kaesler, Dirk 260
Kalberg, Stephen 125n17
Kant, Immanuel 293–94, 306n9, 306n17, 551, 604
Catholicism and 337
in modern world ethics statements 314
neo-Kantianism 586, 590–91, 598
in science of reality 598
Karpat, Kemal 218
Kaube, Jürgen 544
Kedourie, Elie 188
Keightley, David 245
Keynes, John Maynard 74, 83n19
Khurana, Rakesh 565, 573n55
kings 243
in caste system 404
Klasse. See class
Knapp, Georg Friedrich 71–72, 81, 83n19
Knöbl, Wolfgang 551–52
Konsequenz (resolute path) 455
Korea 364–65
Koskenniemi, Martti 259
Kracauer, Siegfried 488, 489, 495, 497n33
Kries, Johannes von 579, 590–91, 592
Küçükömer, Idris 218
Kuhn, Thomas 203n26
Kulke, Hermann 403, 404
Kultur (civilization, culture) 603–4. See also aesthetic culture
of capitalism 48
definition of 504–5
“heuristic devices” in 447
of Russia 265
in supranational dimension 268
transcultural relationships 411
value concept of 12–13, 447
value of 577
Kulturkampf (“cultural struggle”) 336
L
labor
in America 398–99
in bourgeois liberalism 112–13
capital and 29–30
economic division of 31
free 32
in modern market finance capitalism 93–94
in plutocracy and ecology 123
social division of 30–31, 36
technical division of 33, 36
Lamennais, Félicité 340
Landschaften (Prussian institute) 61
Langewiesche, Dieter 199
language 195
English 388
Greek 385, 388
identification in 525
Latin 386–87
literati and 387
nation-states related to 386–87
Sanskrit 384–85, 387–88
semantics of 239
of tattoos 493
in theory of nation 198–99, 205n53
Lask, Emil 591, 599
Latin 386–87
Latin America 512, 513–14
law 98, 100–102, 249, 267, 583. See also nation-state public and private law
bureaucracies related to 561
in China 375–76
in city and civil society 212
in Islam 414, 418–19, 422–23
modern market finance capitalism and 90–91
in modern world ethics statements 317
positivity of 247
rule of 232
subjectivity related to 584
value conflicts in 588
Lay, Kenneth 117–18
League of Nations 260, 266
Lebensführung. See life conduct
(p. 630) Lederer, Emil 540
Lee, Lois 487, 496n8
Lee, Richard 398
legal authority 561, 572n38
legal domination 239–40, 245, 247–50
legal formalism 249
legal positivist theorists 228
legal science 227
legal semantics 91
legitimacy 281
of domination 238–41
in modern state violence monopoly 228, 231–33
legitimate orders 582
legitimate violence 294–95, 307n26
legitimation, of caste system 403–5
Leo XII (pope) 341
Lepsius, M. Rainer 7, 546–47
Letters (of Max Weber) 6
Liang Qichao 80
liberal democracy 176
liberal economist
Austrian school of 21
discussions in 22
economic history in 21
policy in 22
protectionism in 22
“liberal” structures 103
“life chances” 11
life conduct (Lebensführung) 152, 544
confusion in 538–39
existential cultures and 488, 489–99, 496n11, 496nn13–14, 496nn17–18
individual meaning in 487, 497nn22–23
maxims for 487–88
in Occident 524
relevance of 487
secularization and 488
sociology in 488, 495n4
source materials on 488
life conduct study 488, 495, 497n21
“imaginary tattoos” in 491
non-religious conceptual repertoire in 492–93
rituals in 493–94, 494b, 497n28, 497n30
sources in 492
literati
language and 387
symbolic power and 141
loans 143
logical positivism 576
Lord’s Supper 339
love 456
love of neighbor 315–16
low-intensity religion 347–48
Löwith, Karl 111, 125n4, 541
Lübbe, Weyma 247
Luckmann, Thomas 496n17
Luhmann, Niklas 247
Lukács, Georg 455
Luther, Martin 308n42, 336–37, 418
Lutheran Church 314–15
Lyall, Alfred 406
Lyotard, Jean-François 548
M
MacIntyre, Alasdair 331n67
macro social processes 159–60
magic 429
in China 376, 379
disenchantment and 355–57, 360, 364
Israel without 431–33
Protestantism or 375
Malamat, Abraham 437
management of wealth (Vermögensverwaltung) 35
managers 29
power in economy and 143–44
Mandarin 376
manipulation 136, 138t
Mann, Michael 140, 141, 161
on bureaucracies 156–57
Marx compared to 158–59
Mannheim, Karl 458–59, 613n59
Maoris 368
Marcuse, Herbert 607–8
Mardin, Şerif 217–18, 222n54
marginal utility 73–74
Maritain, Jacques
on Christian democracy 342–43
UN and 344
market 26, 90–94, 117, 127n49, 140. See also “free-market” capitalism
class related to 395
money and 73
(p. 631) market development 396–97
market exchange 54
market finance capitalism 93–94
formal rationality in 91
foundations of 90, 105n6
jurists in 90–91
legal semantics in 91
market liberalism 127n40
Marquard, Odo 601, 608
marriage
caste system and 399
Catholicism and 345–46
as sacrament 346
same-sex 347
Marx, Karl 460n17
civil society and America and 170–71
on class 38–39, 394
expropriation of 29
“great economic crises” and 79
ideal types and 581–82
Michael Mann compared to 158–59
on value 74
mastery 137, 138t
materialism
in China 380
in modern occidental culture 449, 460n17
in modern world ethics today 327
sociology of music genealogy and 474
Mau, Steffen 157
Maurras, Charles 199
maxims. See also tattoos
for life conduct 487–88
“Max Weber Circle” 540–41
Max Weber-Gesamtausgabe (MWG) 5–6, 22, 546
Max Weber’s Musiksoziologie (Braun) 465–66
May, Theresa 285–86
“McDonaldization” 563
meaning 487, 497nn22–23
of death 361–62
“The Meaning of ‘Value Freedom’ in the Sociological and Economic Sciences” (Weber, Max) 293, 306nn16–17, 457, 467, 482n23
meaninglessness 359–62
Means, Gardner 142–43
means of payment 71–72
“means of production” 28
media 154–56
media of exchange 71
debts in 72, 82n32
Meinecke, Friedrich 601
Menger, Carl 23
Merkel, Angela 300–301
Merquior, José Guilherme 601
Merton, Robert 204n48
method 14
Methodenstreit 69
money in 70–73, 83n19
methodological essays (of Max Weber) 292
“methodological individualism” 583–84
methodological writings historical background
context of 589–90
Neo-Kantianism and 590–91
reinterpretations in 591
relevance in 592
Michels, Robert 188, 202n18
middle ages 210
middle classes 154
aesthetic culture and 451
tattoos and 490–91, 493, 494b
Milanovic, Branko 121
military autonomy 211–12
military power and independence 209–10
military sociologists 196
Mills, C. Wright 134, 144–45
Milner, Murray 399, 402
Milton, John 346–47, 453–54, 461n33
Mirari Vos: On Liberalism and Religious Indifferentism (Gregory XVI) 340
Mises, Ludwig von 75
free-market theories of 24–25
Hayek and 24–25, 43n22
theory of money from 71
models 15
modern capitalism 74
jurists and religion and 100, 108n48
politics related to 55–56
modern capitalism economics
acquisitive capitalism in 26–27
acquisitive to rentier capitalism in 33–35
(p. 632) appropriation in 28–29, 30, 34
expropriation in 29, 30
‘financers’ in 34, 45n54
labor’s triadic division in 30–31
neoliberalism preconditions in 31–33
traditional capitalism in 26
modern enterprise capitalism 63
“modern European civilization” 549–50
modernism
within Catholicism 341–42
class and 208
postmodernism 548–49
modernities 365–66. See also multiple modernities
modernity
Catholicism and 337–40
as civilization type 506–9
global 548–49
modernization 514–15. See also sexual modernization
of German Second Empire 197, 205n55
peasant nationalism in 205n61
in Turkish civil society 220
modern market finance capitalism
calculability in 93
labor in 93–94
law and 90–91
modern metropolis 451–52
modern occidental culture
capitalism in 449
human interests in 451
materialism in 449, 460n17
rationalism types in 449–50, 450f
rationalization directions in 450, 450f, 460n21
rationalization in 448–50, 450f, 460n21
in rationalizations of culture 447–51, 450f, 460n17, 460n21, 460n23
science of 447–48
social action types in 449
value ideas of 448
modern social theory 208
modern state 280
modern state violence monopoly
bureaucracy in 228
debate on 230–32
enforcement of 229
historical perspective in 229–30
international order and 232–33
legitimacy in 228, 231–33
parallel societies in 231
Popitz on 229, 232
private security companies and 231
relevance in 231
rule of law in 232
statehood degree and 233
state theory and 227–28
modern world ethics statements 328n1
“bourgeois democracy” in 319, 330n39
capitalism in 316–17, 319–20, 331n50
charisma in 321
conduct of life in 316–17
Durkheim in 319
individualism in 316
Kant in 314
law in 317
love of neighbor in 315–16
moralism in 321, 331n60
‘natural’ in 329n16
Nietzsche in 318–19
personal behavior in 317–18
personal relationships in 315–16, 329n16
politics in 320–22, 331n54, 331n60
polytheism in 318
Protestant ethic in 313–15, 316, 318, 328n9, 331n55
rationalism in 319
salvation religions in 318, 330n36
sectarianism in 316
social reform in 330n39
submission in 320, 331n50
Troeltsch and 313–14, 318
value-freedom in 314
modern world ethics today
capitalism in 323–24, 326–27
diversity in 326
ethical tiers in 322
“formal legality” in 323
individualism in 322, 326–27
materialism in 327
music in 324–25
public sphere of 322–25, 331n67, 331n69, 332n76, 332n87
(p. 633) relevance of 322–23
religion in 325–26, 332n87
sexuality in 326
sport in 323, 324, 332n79
technology in 325
Mommsen, Wolfgang J. 23, 153, 201n3, 260, 278
money 69, 77, 85n70
in economic enterprise 73–74
formal validity of 72–73
in Gilbert v. Brett 72
market and 73
in Methodenstreit 70–73, 83n19
property, calculability and 91–94, 106n15
socialism critique and 75–76
sociology and 70, 80–81
theory of 69, 71, 81–82, 83n19, 85n70
value of 76
money, property, and calculability 106n15
economic action in 92
exclusivity in 91
instrumental rationality in 92–93
private ownership in 92
production in 93
money-capital 84n41
money monopolization 52
money of account
creditors and 83n32
theory of money and 83n19
monochord 477
monopolistic banking 78
monotheist salvation religions 305n6
moral codes 351n33
moralism 321, 331n60
morality 175–76, 179–80
Nietzsche on 466–67, 471, 481n18
moral universe 381–82
Moses 382
Moses and Monotheism (Freud) 355
motive explanation 585
Moyn, Samuel 346
Muhammad cartoons 303
multiple modernities 547
arena in 504, 505–6
autonomization of spheres in 500–501
autonomy in 506–7, 511
Axial Age in 510–11, 514–16
centers in 500
China in 507, 510, 511–12, 514–16
civilizational context 503–6
class in 505
concatenation of processes in 499
Counter-Reformation in 509–10
cultural patterns of 500
“cultural world” in 504
dichotomies in 503
disenchantment in 500
economic ethics and 505
emergence, expansion, differentiation in 509–12
first Western and non-Western 502, 512–16
on Islam 416–18
Japan in 514–16
Latin America and 512, 513–14
“modern European civilization” or 549–50
Muslim empires and 509
nature in 506
rationalization and 499–503
religion in 500, 505, 509–10, 512–13
revolutions in 507–9
sociocultural pattern reinvention in 510
state formation and 509
totalitarianism in 502–3
unity and diversity in 501–3
world horizons in 503–4
music 13. See also sociology of music
aesthetic culture of 452
of indigenous cultures 470–73
in modern world ethics today 324–25
Musiksoziologie (Weber, Max). See also The Rational and Social Foundations of Music
genealogy of 469–74, 481n11
Nietzsche and 467
private lecture of 465
psychology and 472
rationalization in 468
Muslim empires 509
“myth of Heidelberg” 608–9
N
nation 292
concept of 195
nationalism connected to 192–93
Wang Hui on 384
(p. 634) nation, nation-state, and nationalism. See also theory of nation
nationalism studies in 186–88, 202n11
nationalism studies intellectual field in 188–89, 202n18, 202n23
nationalist in 190–91, 203nn29–30, 203n32
politics and science in 185–86, 201n3
sociology and 193–96, 204n41204n43
nation, scientific treatment of 191–92, 203n34, 203n36, 203n39
National Economic Council 69
national identity 193, 196, 197–98, 204n49
nationalism. See also peasant nationalism; Polish nationalism
of China 389–90
nation connected to 192–93
term use of 186
nationalism studies
Clinton and 187–88
nation-states in 186–87, 202n11
unification nationalism in 187
nationalism studies intellectual field 202n23, 203n27
aspects of 188–89
current state of 189, 203n26
disagreements in 189
Michels in 188, 202n18
Nations and Nationalism (Gellner) 188, 202n23
nation-state public and private law 106n30
agency in 95–96
chartering system in 97
commercial legal forms in 96
competition in 98
contracts in 95
corporations in 96–97
derivatives in 97–98
in late antiquity 96
liability in 96
private law in 90, 94–95, 103
sovereignty in 97, 107n34
nation-states 414, 425n22
Catholicism and 341
definition of 187
language related to 386–87
power of 139
term use of 186–87, 202n11
natural law 101–2
nature 506
GHG and 122, 129n73
Naumann, Friedrich 10, 47, 49
negotiable authority 563
negotiable debt 79
“negotiable paper” 77
“Neo-chartalist” modern monetary theory 81
neo-Kantianism 586, 590–91, 598
Neoliberal-era 116–17, 127n42
neoliberalism 31–33
ALEC and 119
in bourgeois liberalism 111–12
CEOs in 117–18, 119
class and 39
corporate restructuring and 119
“efficient market hypothesis” and 117, 127n49
Federal Reserve bail out in 118
finance in 117–18, 127n46, 127n48
financial crisis 2008 and 118–20
Friedman on 115–16
Great Depression and 116
greed and 119–20
social liberals in 116
speculation in 118
Trump and 119–20, 128n62
wealthy investors in 118–19
neoliberalism methodological shortcomings 24–26
Neumann, Carl 452–53
Neurath, Otto 75, 591
neutrality 267
Nietzsche, Friedrich 113, 125n17, 481n20
Catholicism and 337
disenchantment and 360, 361, 369, 371n22
in modern world ethics statements 318–19
on morality 466–67, 471, 481n18
Musiksoziologie and 467
rationalization and 337
nihilism 247
notaries 100–101, 108n50
O
Oakes, Guy 292
“objective possibility” 579–80
(p. 635) “The ‘Objectivity’ of Knowledge in Social Science and Social Policy” (Weber, Max) 519
revisioning of 529
Occident 27. See also modern occidental culture
bourgeois rational capitalism in 524
bureaucracy of 523, 525
capitalism in 520–21
economic traditionalism in 527, 533n39
errors about 521, 525–28
European-American 522–23
framing of 521–22
historical emergence of 523–25
ideal types related to 519, 521
life conduct in 524
objectivity about 519, 524
omissions about 522
orientations of 58, 84n44
patriarchalism in 527–28
prehistoric differences in 526–27, 533n38
Protestantism related to 522, 525, 531n13
rationalization of 520–24, 537
subjectivity related to 519–20
syllogistic reasoning about 526
term use of 530n6
uniqueness of 525–26
universality of 520, 526–27
occidental cities 214–15
city and civil society and 208–12, 221nn7–8
Occidental rationalism 499, 550–51
occupational groupings 41
Oexle, Otto Gerhard 607, 613n59
Old Testament 441n34
Ordnungen (“societal orders”) 151, 152
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 33
organizations 269, 279–80. See also bureaucracies
sociology of 561
“organized capitalism” 63
oriental city and societies
citizenship in 214
despotism in 214
geography and climate of 215
Greek social structure in 215–16
Hebrew social structure in 215
Hellenism and 213
Judaism in 213
occidental cities compared to 214–15
Palestine and 213–15
patrimonialism in 216
rationalization in 216
river valley civilizations in 214
West compared to 215–17
“Orientalism” 460n23
Osterhammel, Jürgen 548–49
“othering” (discourse of) 411
Otto, Rudolf 242–43
The Outline of Social Economics (Outline). See Basic Outline of Social Economics
P
“Pachelbel Canon” 476, 486n77
pacifism 296, 304–5, 307n32, 607
Palestine 213–15
Palyi, Melchior 24
papal authority 340–41
papal infallibility 336
“paradigm” 7–8
parliamentarianism 270–71
parliamentary government 270–71
parliament lower house (Reichstag) 197
Parsons, Talcott 92, 125n17, 140, 320, 541, 545
on domination 238–39, 250n7
“iron cage” from 102–3, 568, 569n6
von Schelting and 590–91
“parvenu” 396
Pascendi Dominici Gregis (Pius X) 342
patriarchalism 527–28
patrimonial authority 378
patrimonialism 421–23
in China 244–45, 378
domination and 244–47
feudalism and 244
in oriental city and societies 216
in Prussia 246
in Russia 245–46
in Turkish civil society 217, 218–19
Paul the Apostle 376
Paul VI (pope) 344, 346
peasant nationalism 205n61
perspectival seeing 466–67, 481n18
persuasion 138
(p. 636) persuasive influence 135–36, 137
phantasmagoria 363
philosophy of history 601–2, 610n28
phonogram recordings 470, 484n51, 484n60
physical labor 398–99
Piketty, Thomas 37, 38, 120–21, 124, 565
The Pilgrim’s Progress (Bunyan) 569n6
pitch
in sociology of music, rationalization and “inner logic” 475, 477–80, 486n84
in sociology of music genealogy 473, 484n61
Pius IX (pope) 336, 340
Pius X (pope) 342
Pius XI (pope) 346
Pius XII (pope) 340–41
“plebiscitary democracy”
charisma and 242
in plebiscitary politics’ legality 281–82
plebiscitary politics’ legality
Brexit and 277–78, 282, 284, 285–86
bureaucracy in 285–86
charisma in 280–85
competition in 284
consensus in 285
‘demagogy’ in 279
demands in 278–79
domination in 282–83
economy of attention in 286
emotion and 279
erosion of 284–86
EU in 277
organization in 279–80
“plebiscitary democracy” in 281–82
popular sovereignty and 278–79
populism in 286
public opinion polls and 277
questions in 278
relativization of 285–86
relevance in 278
systematic view in 279–82
Plessner, Helmuth 494b, 497n31
plutocracy and ecology
“authoritarian liberalism” in 121
climate change in 122–23, 124
ecosystems in 121–22
GDP in 120
GHG in 122, 129n73
labor in 123
1 percenters in 120–21
rentier society in 121, 123, 128n67
poetry
aesthetic culture of 453–55, 461n33
in China 385
Poggi, Gianfranco 140, 141
Polanyi, Karl 565
policy. See also specific types
in liberal economist 22
role of money and 69
“policy analysis” 249–50
Polish nationalism 193
political communities 94
political identity 341
political irresponsibility 190
political power 140
political science 227, 292
politics 4. See also ethic of politics; plebiscitary politics’ legality
Catholicism and 339–42
Christianity and 589
class and 40–41
industrial capitalism and 60–61
irrationality of 438–39
modern capitalism related to 55–56
in modern world ethics statements 320–22, 331n54, 331n60
in rationalization and globalization 160
in science of reality 597–98
unpredictability of 307n21
politics and science 201n3, 538
distinction between 185
in nation, nation-state, and nationalism 185–86
studies on 186
“Politics and the State” 11–12
politics of ethics. See ethic of politics
Pollock, Sheldon 377, 384
polytheism 369, 495
of Catholicism 338
in modern world ethics statements 318
pop culture 492
Popitz, Heinrich 229, 232
Popper, Karl 576
(p. 637) popular sovereignty 278
populisms 286
Judaism related to 430–31, 434, 436–39
in rationalization and globalization 160
populist movements 438–39
positivism 545. See logical positivism
positivism dispute 545
positivity of law 247
postmodernism 548–49
Poulantzas, Nicos 145
power (Macht) 259–60, 263. See also domination
caste system related to 393, 394, 399–400
definition of 134–35
distribution of 11
economic 35
as foundation 133
in fragments 134
isolation of 133
of nation-states 139
reconstructions on 134
as social honor 394
in state 144–45
power dimensions 138
coercion and command in 139–40
echelons in 139
parties as 139
religious power in 140–41
status as 139
symbolic power as 141
power elite 144–45
power in economy
loans and 143
managers and 143–44
“network society” and 144
share capital in 142–43
shareholdings and 143
“power states” 295
practically rational 450, 450f
“praxeology” 43n22
pre-capitalist banks 77–78
prehistoric differences 526–27, 533n38
primogeniture
in caste system 407
in China 381
principal-agency distinction 30
“private capitalism” 62
private debts 77
private interests 568–69
private ownership 92
private security companies 231
privatization 565–66
probabilistic relationships 585–86
probabilistic theory of causation 579–80
Probleme der Völkerpsychologie (Wundt) 472
processes 7
procurement 28–31
production 28, 397–98
in capitalism 52
instrumental rationality and 93
profit 56, 74, 84n44, 93
profitability 75–76
profitability-capitalism 57
progressivism 123
property 89. See also money, property, and calculability
caste system and 397–98, 402, 404–6
class related to 395
land reform in 456
prophets 282–83, 355
charisma of 430–31, 433–34, 435–37
emotions related to 438
populist leaders compared to 436–37
rationalization and 437–38
prophets’ charismatic politics 433–34, 435–37
protectionism
capitalism and 62
in liberal economist 22
Protestant ethic 12
Islam and 413–14
in modern world ethics statements 313–15, 316, 318, 328n9, 331n55
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Weber, Max) 10, 12, 27–28, 31, 152, 313
Protestantism
Catholicism compared to 335, 338
disenchantment and 355–57
Israel and 430, 432, 435
magic or 375
multiple modernities and 512–13
Occident related to 522, 525, 531n13
(p. 638) Protestant Reformation 336–37. See also Counter-Reformation
Prussia 246
psychology 472
“public intellectual” 4
public meta-policy 562
public money 77
public opinion polls 277
public sector 567–68
public sphere 180
of modern world ethics today 322–25, 331n67, 331n69, 332n76, 332n87
“pure” capitalism 33
Puritan ethic 317
putting out system 31, 45n44
Pythagorean comma 478–79, 486n84
Q
Qing dynasty 377
R
race 347
in nation, scientific treatment of 191
“radical-revolutionary” ethic 296, 307n34
Radkau, Joachim 525
Rajasthan 400, 404, 406, 408
Rajshekhar, V. T. 399
rational acquisitive capitalism 57
The Rational and Social Foundations of Music (Weber, Max) 466, 481nn11–12. See also Musiksoziologie
rational capitalism 33, 57, 90, 524
rational industrial capitalism 58, 84n44
rational irreconcilability 587–88
rationalism 152, 429, 476–77, 544–45
in bourgeois liberalism 111
capitalism related to 51, 58
in China 376–79, 382
in modern world ethics statements 319
music related to 13
Occidental 499, 550–51
“peculiarity” of 549–50
religion related to 431–32
sociology of 429
term ambiguity of 7–8
rationalism types 449–50, 450f
rationalization 8, 248, 475, 480. See also sociology of music, rationalization and “inner logic”
bureaucracies and 560–61
calculability and 152
capitalization and 62
in Catholicism 339
in city and civil society 208–9
definitions of 152–53
freedom and 445
in “iron cage” and “virtual cage” 567–68
Islam and 415, 420
in jurists and religion 99–100, 102, 103
in modern occidental culture 448–50, 450f, 460n21
multiple modernities and 499–503
in Musiksoziologie (Weber) 468
Nietzsche and 337
of Occident 520–24, 537
in oriental city and societies 216
prophets and 437–38
in science of reality limits 601, 606
social theory and 15
in sociology of music 468–69, 483n32
types of 445, 459n1
Weber, Marianne, on Weber’s “discovery” of 537
rationalization and globalization
bureaucracies in 161–62
domination in 161
“fields” in 162
geopolitics in 160–62
limits in 163
macro social processes in 159–60
Marx related to 158–59
pessimism in 162, 163
politics in 160
populisms in 160
social sciences in 159, 161
technologies in 159
“umbrella” process in 162–63
rationalization and modern culture
consumerism in 156
Gellner on 153–54
innovations in 154
(p. 639) instrumental rationality in 153–54
measurement in 154–55
media in 154–56
middle class in 154
politics in 155
religion in 155–56
science and 153–54
rationalization and modern economy 157–58
rationalization and modern politics 156–57
rationalizations of culture
aesthetic culture in 451–57, 461n33
afterlives of 457–59
autonomy in 445–46
cultural studies in 458
empirical validity in 458
“heuristic Eurocentrism” in 446
modern occidental culture in 447–51, 450f, 460n17, 460n21, 460n23
plural process in 446, 458
science in 446
secularism in 445
subjectivity in 457
theory of rationalization in 445, 459n1
rational-legal domination 245, 248, 250
“rational profit-making capitalism” 56
ratios 483n34
realism 15
reality. See also science of reality
“crisis of” 607, 613n59
definition of 597–98
end of 607–8
reality as vocation 604–9
Realpolitik 297, 308n38
reciprocity 389
Recognizing the Non-religious: Reimagining the Secular (Lee, L.) 488
referendum 280
reflexive authority 563
“regulatory capture” 565, 573n58
Rehding, Alexander 473–74
Reichstag (parliament lower house) 197
relations 7
relativism 590
religion 301–2, 347–48, 474–75, 496n8. See also jurists and religion; specific religions
aesthetic culture of 452–53, 454–55
art related to 455
of brotherliness 587
capitalism and 60, 368
in civil society and America 169
disenchantment and 12, 368–70
in Economy and Society 9
in modern world ethics today 325–26, 332n87
in multiple modernities 500, 505, 509–10, 512–13
rationalism related to 431–32
in rationalization and modern culture 155–56
salvation 305n6, 318, 330n36
secular people on 496n14
surveys on 496n13
transcendences related to 496n17
The Religion of China (Weber, Max) 80–81
The Religion of India (Weber, Max) 6, 209
caste in 408
Sanskrit in 384
‘sect’ in 338
religiosity 357
religious authority (‘ulamā’) 413, 414–15, 418–23
religious power 140–41
religious usurpation 401
Rembrandt 452–53
Renn, Joachim 248
Renner, Karl 192
rentier capitalism 33–35, 41–42
rentier politics 38–41
rentier society 121, 123, 128n67
representation 589
acquisitive capitalism and 39–40
occupational groupings and 41
resolute path (Konsequenz) 455
responsibility 190, 308n46. See also