Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Type 2 diabetes is a significant problem worldwide, accounting for substantial morbidity and premature mortality. Understanding why some people remain healthy while others progress to insulin resistance and diabetes requires an integrative approach. Models of diabetes have focused on excess weight and physical inactivity as key targets for reducing diabetes risk. Obesity is a risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes, yet most obese persons do not develop diabetes, suggesting moderation by other influences. This chapter highlights Midlife in the United States studies that employed multidomain assessments of the interplay between established risk factors and psychosocial influences on diabetes. The chapter reviews evidence that depression, anger, perceived weight discrimination, and neuroticism exacerbate the association between obesity and diabetes. The conclusion that psychosocial processes are major risk factors underscores the need for assessing mental health and promoting psychological well-being to complement traditional prevention efforts.

Keywords: diabetes, health, obesity, type 2 diabetes, MIDUS, risk factors, depression, anger, neuroticism, psychosocial factors

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.