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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The conservation of cultural heritage has not kept up with social and environmental changes such as climate change, widening economic inequality, cultural diversity, and mass migration. This chapter evaluates three disciplines that illuminate a central conservation problem—the nature and protection of place—at different scales and with different success. Environmental psychology explains emotional attachment to places: it shows that people care about different kinds of places, and for different reasons, than those recognized by conservation. Economics explains the role of places in systems of production and exchange: while orthodox economics incorporates premises that conservationists know to be false, other schools of thought—behavioral, human development, Georgist, common land, and ecological economics—are more useful. Climate science, which must be balanced with emerging understandings of climate justice, reveals new roles and challenges for the conservation of place, not merely in protecting threatened heritage but also in reducing carbon emissions.

Keywords: heritage, cultural conservation, place attachment, environmental psychology, economics, climate science, climate justice, green building, green retrofit, mass retrofit

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