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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Community pertains to the bonds that individuals have with family and friends and is fundamental to the individual’s sense of self and well-being. This chapter provides evidence that concerns with community constitute a type of morality that is qualitatively distinct from the morality of justice and that moralities of community take culturally variable forms. The authors begin by highlighting respects in which, in privileging justice considerations, mainstream models of morality downplay concerns with community. They then present evidence for the existence of moralities of community and for cultural variation in its forms. This is followed by a discussion of work on the developmental emergence of moralities of community and the socialization processes through which moralities of community emerge. In a final section, the authors identify challenges for future research in addressing issues of social justice in family relations and achieving greater cultural sensitivity in policy interventions with children and families.

Keywords: community, morality, justice, socialization, culture, caring, relationships, empathy, social policy, prosocial behavior

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