- Copyright Page
- About the Editors
- What Makes LGBT Sexualities Political?: Understanding Oppression in Sociological, Historical, and Cultural Context
- Political Economy, Sexuality, and Intimacy
- Early Advocacy for the Public Recognition of Sexual Diversity
- Gender Identity and Transgender Rights in Global Perspective
- Making LGBT Rights into Human Rights
- Global LGBT Politics at Scale: Memory and Rights in Early Twenty-First Century Peru
- Intergovernmental Organizations and Nongovernmental Organizations: The Development of an International Approach to LGBT Issues
- Queering Scholarship?: LGBT Politics as an Analytical Challenge for Political Science and International Relations
- LGBTQ Politics in Anglo-American Democracies
- Europe and LGBT Rights: A Conflicted Relationship
- Decolonizing Indigenous Sexualities: Between Erasure and Resurgence
- The Expansion of LGBT Rights in Latin America and the Backlash
- Africa and the Contestation of Sexual and Gender Diversity: Imperial and Contemporary Regulation
- LGBT Politics in South Asia: Ground Rules, Underground Movements
- LGBT Rights in the Former Soviet Union: The Evolution of Hypervisibility
- LGBT Rights, Sexual Citizenship, and Blacklighting in the Anglophone Caribbean: What Do Queers Want, What Does Colonialism Need?
- The State of Being LGBT in the Age of Reaction: Post-2011 Visibility and Repression in the Middle East and North Africa
- Global Norms, State Regulations, and Local Activism: Marriage Equality and Same-Sex Partnership, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity Rights in Japan and Hong Kong
- The Global HIV/AIDS and LGBT Movements
- Beyond Belief?: The Rapid Expansion of Same-Sex Marriage
- Learning Sexuality and Gender: Issues in Childhood Education Transnationally
- Visibility in Global Queer Politics
- Heretical Falsification and the Challenge of Theorizing LGBT Politics from the South
- Research on Diversity in Sexual Identities: Beyond Binaries
- Debating Imperial Violence and the Production of Sexualities
- Queer Muslim Challenges to the Internationalization of LGBT Rights: Decolonizing International Relations Methodology through Intersectionality
- Global Sexual Diversity Politics and the Trouble with LGBT Rights
- Academia versus Activism
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of LGBT politics in the Middle East and North Africa region, with a specific focus on Egypt, Lebanon, Tunisia, and Turkey. It argues that LGBT movements in these countries must be understood within the context of how the state is engaged in a broader range of authoritarian and/or state-centered regulations of social movements after the period of the Arab Spring. It also illustrates how the current regulation of LGBT rights has historical roots in the understanding of sexual identities during the colonial era. The chapter argues, therefore, that the understanding of LGBT rights as part of a “progress” or “democratization” narrative is simplistic and does not account for the historical and structural conditions that created the contexts and possibilities for contemporary LGBT organizing.
Mehmet Sinan Birdal, independent researcher: Istanbul, Turkey.
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