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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Since the discoveries of language-sensitive brain areas in the late nineteenth century, the localization of the language network in the brain has been the subject of neurolinguistics research. Especially during the times of the two world wars and until the 1980s, head and brain injuries in soldiers as well as in civil patients served as the main data source. The advent of neuroimaging techniques roughly 100 years later was a milestone, providing online data from the living brain. This chapter presents functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) as the most frequently used technique, the physical basics, appropriate experimental study designs, and perspectives for novel developments for neurolinguistics research in the active and passive brain.

Keywords: functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), resting state fMRI, dynamic causal modeling (DCM), blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal, arterial spin labeling (ASL), language production, language comprehension, speech

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