- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
Skilled reading involves mastery of multiple linguistic (e.g., phonological, semantic, morphological, syntactic) and cognitive processes (e.g., processing speed, attention, working memory). Despite typical levels of intelligence, children with developmental dyslexia (DD) show poor decoding and spelling ability. Given this complexity it is perhaps not surprising that considerable heterogeneity is associated with dyslexia, both in terms of the profile of impairments and genetically, with multiple factors (e.g., genetic, environmental) acting probabilistically in combination to produce a continuum of liability for DD. This chapter reviews neurobiological evidence, including both neuroimaging and genetic studies of reading and reading disorders (including DD) in the context of developmental theories of reading. It describes profiles of perceptual and cognitive performance associated with DD, with relevance to the development of neural systems underlying these reading-related capacities. The chapter also reviews recent contributions from imaging genetic approaches, highlighting relevant gene-brain-behavior connections in reading and DD.
Kaja Jasińska is an Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Cognitive Science at the University of Delaware. Dr. Jasińska studies the neural mechanisms that support language, cognitive, and reading development across the lifespan using a combination of behavioral, genetic, and neuroimaging research methods. Her research aims to understand how early life experiences can change the brain’s capacity for language and learning, with particular focus on understanding development in high-risk environments.
Nicole Landi is an Associate Professor of Psychological Sciences at the University of Connecticut and the Director of EEG Research at Haskins Laboratories. Dr. Landi’s research seeks to better understand typical and atypical language and reading development using cognitive neuroscience and genetic methodologies.
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